Duanfang (1861-1911), minister of late Qing Dynasty, epigrapher. Manchurian Zhengbaiqi people, Toteke family, word Wuqiao, No. Wuting, Taizhai. He was also a native of Xinyang (Fengrun, Hebei), and he was sent to Xiushui, Zhejiang (now Jiaxing). Ben Han, surnamed Tao. In 1882, Duanfang was promoted by Yinsheng. Since then, he has successively held positions such as Bachang Road in Zhili, Governor of Shaanxi, Governor of Henan, Governor of Fujian and Zhejiang, Governor of Liangjiang, Governor of Zhili, etc., posthumously known as Zhongmin.
Duan Fang supported the Reform Movement of 1898 in the early years. Although he suffered a setback in his official career, he was later appreciated by Empress Cixi. He served as a governor in the north and south throughout his life. He played an important role in many events in the late Qing Dynasty. During his tenure as an official in Xinjiang, he encouraged his students to study abroad. In 1905, he was appointed to study politics abroad. After returning to China, he compiled and published "European and American Political Essentials (《欧美政治要义》)" and "National Political Leaders (《列国政要》)", introducing the political science of civilized society and advocating constitutionalism. Pioneers. In 1911, he served as minister of the Sichuan-Han and Guangdong-Han railway supervisory offices, leading the Qing army to Sichuan to suppress the road protection movement, and was killed by the revolutionary army on the way.
Duan Fang has outstanding talents, and he has made great achievements in modern culture and education in our country. Duanfang houses a wealth of Yi wares and other objects, and also works in calligraphy. Many possessions are recorded. The main works include "Tao Zhai Ji Jin Lu (《陶斋吉金录》)" in 8 volumes, which contains 359 bronze ritual objects, weapons, powers, statues, etc. from the Shang and Zhou to the Six Dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasties.