Bian Yi (281-328), whose courtesy name was Wangzhi, was a native of Jiyin Yueju (now Bianzhuang, Danyang Office, Heze). A famous politician in the Jin Dynasty, he served in three dynasties and was appointed minister twice. After his death, he was given as a gift to the servants and generals of the Hussars, and he was given the same title of "loyalty" as the official title of "Zhongzhen".
  Bian Yi was born into a distinguished family, a family of officials. Grandfather Tong was once the internal historian of Langxie. Fu Cui, whose courtesy name was Xuanren, had six brothers who were appointed to the Prime Minister's office together. He was known as "the six clans and the six dragons, and Xuanren was unparalleled". Under the influence of his father, Yi studied hard since he was a child and read a lot of books. At an early age, he was already well-known in the countryside and showed great talent.
  During the Yongjia period, he inherited his father's title. In 318 AD, Emperor Yuan of Jin came to the throne of Jiankang. He was called Zhonglang and entrusted with the responsibility of selecting officials. He was deeply favored. Later, he successively held the positions of Prince's Concubine, Sanqi Changshi, Prince Zhanshi, Yushi Zhongcheng, etc. He successively occupied the position of master and assistant, performing the duties of Kuangfu and being respected by the princes and ministers. In 323 AD, Emperor Ming ascended the throne and was promoted to Minister of the Ministry of Personnel. The following year, he was granted the title of General of the Gongjia Central Army of Jianxing County for his contribution to bringing peace to Wang Han, and was soon promoted to the leading general. In 325 AD, Emperor Ming was critically ill, and he was appointed prime minister. Together with Situ Wangdao, he was appointed by Gu to assist the young emperor Cheng in running the government, and was granted the title of Shizhong and Shangshuling.
  Bian Yi was an upright man, not afraid of powerful people, and spared no effort to maintain the court's order and discipline. On the day when Emperor Cheng ascended the throne and held the enthronement ceremony, Wang Dao, an important minister, was absent due to illness. Yi solemnly said to the court: "The ministers of Wang Gong Sheji are evil! The funeral is in progress and the heir has not yet been established. It would rather be the time for ministers to die!" After hearing this, Director Wang hurriedly came over sick. When the Empress Dowager came to court, Yi and Geng Liang were on duty in the palace, attending to the secrets together. The imperial court ordered Lemo of Nanyang to be summoned as the county magistrate, and Yu Yi from Yingchuan to be the court captain. However, both of them emphasized their father's orders and refused to take up their posts. He immediately reported to the Queen Mother, mentioning: "In this way, the words of the sages will be abolished, the teachings of the king will be blocked, the way of the monarch and his ministers will be scattered, and the superior and the inferior will be replaced. Yue Guang (the father of Mo) is called Pingyi, and Yu Min ( Yi's father) showed his loyalty and sincerity, and he was favored in the holy world. He is not already there, but he can be dedicated to future generations!" Because Yi's memorial was very convincing, the court unanimously approved it. Mo and Yi had no choice but to take office. From then on, whenever the court had orders, it was not allowed to use private interests to harm public affairs, and it was not allowed to postpone it under any excuse, thus forming a permanent system. At that time, Director Wang was at odds with Geng Liang, and when Geng Liang came to power, Director Wang complained that he was ill and could not go to court. Once, Director Wang was unable to attend court, but privately saw off Xi Jian, the chariot and cavalry general. Yi learned that he had no regard for Director Wang's power and affection, and reported to him that he "defeated the law and followed the law for personal gain, without the courtesy of a minister"; the censor Zhongcheng Zhongya neglected his duties and did not act in accordance with Wang's code. They should both be dismissed from office. Although the emperor suppressed the memorial and did not deal with it, it aroused awe in both the government and the public.
  Bian Yi worked conscientiously and diligently in official affairs. He took it as his own duty to correct customs and refused to follow the crowd. Some people say about him: "You have no leisure time, and you are always like tiles and stones. Aren't you tired?" He said: "All the gentlemen are noble in morality and elegant, but who is the one who is stingy?" From this we can see that he A broad mind that works hard for state affairs without complaint. At that time, most of the aristocratic children were regarded as broad-minded by Wang Cheng, Xie Kun and others who were dissolute, indifferent and tireless. However, Yi believed that these people "disobeyed etiquette and harmed the teachings, and they were guilty of the most serious sins. The overthrow of China and Korea was actually due to this." This statement is very insightful. , it can be said to be three points deep.
  Bian Yi was also a military strategist. In the early years of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Bian Yi personally wore armor, supervised and commanded the formation, and made outstanding military exploits that were unprecedented in the world. In 327 AD, when Geng Liang came to power, he reported to the court: "General Su Jun has always been ambitious and will definitely cause chaos in the future. If his power is not weakened now, he will be ungovernable in many years. This is what Chao Chao of the Han Dynasty advised Emperor Jing to do early. The reason for the military power of the Seven Kingdoms." It was suggested that the imperial court summon Su Jun to serve as Grand Sima, so as to achieve the win-win effect and take the opportunity to release his military power. All officials in the imperial court had no objections. Yi Gu argued that this was not possible and told Liang that Su Jun now had a large number of troops and was close to the capital. Doing so would definitely trigger Su Jun to rebel in advance and endanger the court, so his military power should be gradually reduced. Ke Liang refused to listen. After Su Jun heard the news, he declared his troops and attacked Jiankang. Knowing that the battle would be defeated, Yi wrote a letter to Pingnan General Wen Qiao. Sima Rentai advised him to keep a good horse for emergencies. Yi Xiaokan replied, "What's the use of horses at that time?" Su Jun attacked to Donglingkou. The emperor ordered Yi to be the minister and ordered the right general to lead the right guard general to fight against Su Jun. Then he issued an edict to be the governor of the army. military. Yi led Guo Mo, Zhao Yin and other troops to fight with Su Jun in Xiling, and Su Jun broke through the city and entered. During the battle, the sores on his back did not heal, but he had the heart to serve the country, took the lead, and bravely killed the enemy. However, due to failure, he died heroically for his country at the age of forty-seven. His two sons, Jin and Xu, saw their father martyred for their country, so they followed them into the enemy army and died fighting. In 329 AD, the chaos was pacified. After the imperial court, he was awarded the honorary title of Shizhong, Hussar General, and Kaifu Yitong Sansi. He was given the posthumous title of "Zhongzhen" and was enshrined as Tailao. He was given as a gift to Zijin, the minister of Sanqi, and to Xu, the captain of the army. People at the time praised: "The father died in the death of the king, and the son died in the death of the father. The principles of loyalty and filial piety are all gathered together in one school." Zhu Di, the founder of the Ming Dynasty, also wrote a poem praising: "The father will die to repay the kindness of the king, and the two sons will endure the war and survive." Your generosity will accompany you until the end of the day, and your loyalty and filial piety will show your purity through the ages."
  Bian Yi was also a calligrapher, especially good at cursive writing. Tang Dou Zhen's "Shu Shu Fu" says: "The grass of hope gathers the ancients and becomes old. It falls on the paper tendon plate and branches are held by feathers. It is like filling an ox blade and a toast, intertwining miscellaneous treasures." "Chunhua Pavilion Dharma Tie" Vol. Three has its cursive script, six lines, fifty-six characters. Bian Yi's calligraphy is still in the forest of steles in Xi'an and there is a line of calligraphy on the wall. The content is: "Cui Liang, Shi Yao, and Chen Huai can supplement the official department, and the imperial edict can be done. These three people are all said to be outstanding in quality and outstanding in quality." Hua Ke Dunjiao. Although the great transformation cannot be hasty, many people will benefit from the advice of fashion. I think it is better to use it first and listen to the situation. The Jin Dynasty Zhong Bian Yi wrote. "This stele is also a priceless treasure.