Tang Xianzu (1550-1616) was an outstanding playwright and writer of Ming Dynasty. The meaning of the word is still, the name is Ruoshi, and the name is Hairuo, Qingyun Taoist. His ancestral home was Yunshan Township, Linchuan County, Jiangxi, and he moved to Jiashan (now Linchuan District). Tang Xianzu was smart and eager to learn since he was young. Because he refused to rely on the nobles, although he was knowledgeable and "famous", he was only a scholar in the eleventh year of Wanli (1583). Served as Dr. Taichang in Nanjing, Director of Zhan Shifu, and Director of Priests of the Ministry of Rites, and had a close relationship with Gu Xiancheng and other members of the Donglin Party. In the nineteenth year, he wrote a letter to the emperor, naming him by name and criticizing the then cabinet minister for his selfishness and tyrannical style. The emperor was very upset. He was demoted to the far south, Ren Dianshi, Xuwen County in Guangdong Province. In 21 years, he was appointed as the magistrate of Suichang, Zhejiang, and served for 5 years. In twenty-six years, seeing the arrival of the illegal tax supervisor, he went straight back to his hometown after debriefing his work in Beijing. For the next seventeen years, he stayed in Linchuan to concentrate on writing. In his later years, he used the cocoon as the name. Tang Xianzu’s thoughts are more complicated and contradictory. He regards the imperial examination as the only way out, and at the same time expresses his aversion to the imperial examination and the eight-part writing. The reincarnation preaching mocking Buddhism. The different aspects of his thoughts are all reflected in his drama creation. And because Tang Xianzu took the thinker Li Zhi as his friend, he strongly anti-feudal thoughts occupies a dominant position. Tang Xianzu has the legendary "The Peony Pavilion", "The Story of Handan", "The Story of Nanke" and "The Story of the Purple Hairpin", collectively known as the "Four Dreams of Linchuan". With his plays such as "The Peony Pavilion", Tang Xianzu became a famous opera artist with Guan Hanqing and Wang Shifu in the history of Chinese literature. In the 300-year history of the Ming Dynasty, no opera artist was admired by posterity like him, and was hailed as the "Shakespeare of the East".
Running script and poems on paper, hanging scroll
Explanation: 红尘堆里懒低头，石路迢迢入乱山。拟向云边种黄独，几时容我屋三间。戊辰（1568年）六月 汤显祖
Few people mention his calligraphy, and the title of the book is actually hidden by his title. His calligraphy is also unique, elegant, vigorous, vigorous and unrestrained. It is a typical scholarly calligraphy, and it is not inferior to the contemporary! This work was written when he was 18 years old, which is unbelievable. At the age of 18, he, calligraphy The skill is so exquisite, perhaps we can guess that for this great playwright, calligraphy is nothing more than Hanmo's "leftover".