Wang Duo (1592-1652) has the word "Juesi", "Jezhi" in the word. No. Songqiao, Shiqiao, Shiqiao, Chian, Donggao Chang, Chian Taoist, Yantan Yuman, Xuetang Yuyin, Chixian Taoist, Lantai Waishi, Xueshan Taoist, Ershishanren, Baixue Taoist, Yunyan Man Shi et al. A native of Mengjin, Henan, known as "Wang Mengjin" in the world, he is known as "The King of Magic Pen", a famous calligrapher in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. Tomorrow the second year of Qi (1622), 30-year-old Wang Duoju Jinshi and the first, successively served as Shuji, editor, and Shaozhan of the Hanlin Academy. In the first year of Hongguang (1644), Emperor Hongguang of Nanming appointed Wang Duo as a bachelor and second assistant (deputy prime minister) of Dongge University. In the following year, he entered the Qing Dynasty and awarded the Book of Gifts. In the 9th year of Shunzhi (1652), he died in Mengjin at the age of 61. He was given to Taibao and he was named "Wen'an."
Wang Duo has a good knowledge of ancient times and works in poetry and prose. Wang Duo’s calligraphy pens are strong and powerful, long in cloth and white, and are all exquisite in regular, line, literary, and cursive. They are mainly used by Zhong Yao, Wang Xizhi, Wang Xianzhi, Yan Zhenqing, Mi Fu and others. Xue Mifu has a reputation for chaos and truth, showing With his solid foundation in "learning ancient", he can learn from ancient times and be self-confident. Liang Cun commented on his "books must be written, learn from the old and vigorous of Minangong, and win with strength." Jiang Shaoshu's "History of Silent Poetry (无声诗史)" called him "father and son of Shanyin in cursive script (Wang Xizhi, Wang Xianzhi), and the original book was published by Zhong Yuanchang. Although he is a model of King Zhong, he can also come out of his chest." His handed down works mainly include "Xianshanyuan Tie (拟山园帖)" and "Langhuaguan Tie (琅华馆帖)", etc., all of which are well-known, and the name is contemporary, and the scholars respect it.
In the history of Chinese calligraphy, the rigorous and elegant style of Dong Qichang's school prevailed in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, while Wang Duo took the ancient method and contended with the rigid, boring, weak and weak calligraphy, boldly innovated and created a generation of calligraphy. He is an outstanding innovative figure in the history of calligraphy. In his youth, Wang Duo was influenced by the trend of thought of the times, and he had a stubborn mind to reflect on the trend very early. In his "Selected Works of Nishan Garden (拟山园选集)", "Wen Dan (文丹)", he concentrated on showing his shocking aesthetics. His greatest achievement lies in his super magnificent cursive script. His cursive writing is wild and unrestrained, he uses his pen calmly and joyfully, vertical and horizontally ups and downs, naturally surprising, showing a breathtaking vigorous momentum and extremely infectious. Ma Zonghuo said, "There are people who are cursive, and there are all those who use the pen to gain momentum, while Jue Si is able to grasp it, so it is not extreme but the power is endless, and those who have more than strength do not change the language." Lin Sanzhi called his cursive script.
Being "the first person since Tang Huaisu." It is not an exaggeration. Some people compare his lines with the other two cursive writers Xu Wei and Zhu Zhishan in the Ming Dynasty: his strength is not only different from Xu Wei's extensiveness, but also different from Zhu Zhishan's hotness. As for Wen Zhengming and Dong Qichang, it is even more so. In addition, his consciousness of composition in structural processing is unprecedented. The cutting of space has a complete concept of order, and has a powerful rational treatment effect-to temper such a calm and methodical effect in such wild and changeable cursive script, it is really unexpected and makes people admire his ability. If we say that from Zhang Zhi, Zhang Xu, Huai Su, Huang Gu Su to Xu Wei, the development of cursive script is based on the rich frustration of the use of pens, and the structure is repeatedly released and vented, then Wang Duo He succeeded in stopping this uncontrollable torrent. He caged this wild horse with a calm rationality, taking the situation vertically and horizontally, changing in a variety of ways, unconventional, and creating new ideas in the law and achieving miraculous effects. Beyond expectation.
His innovation in brush and ink is also pioneering. His lines are old, subtle and changeable, showing special personality in casual flying and jumping, sometimes in thick, light or even ink, boldly creating lines and blocks. The strong contrast forms a strong rhythm. It cannot be said that his intentional or unintentional pioneering work is a great achievement in exaggerating the contrast of calligraphic forms. Before him, no one could actively pursue the effect of "inking up" like him.
Wang Duo's calligraphy had a huge impact on the later development of Chinese calligraphy, and even spread to overseas calligraphy circles, especially for Dongying calligraphy.
Wang Duo is also good at painting, landscape Zongjing (hao), Guan (same), Qiu Weiweijun, not much rubbing, with smudges, Fu Yitian, Shen Shenfengyun, interesting. The landscape, flowers, trees, bamboo and stones are all used in Guan Niu in the book. The intercropping of orchids, bamboo, plums, and stones is splendid and interesting. Taste and other people say, "The painting is silent and clear, like Ni Yunlin's school. Although it is light, it will inevitably dry up and win, and the sick man is dying. It is said to be so delicate, weak and very weak. Everyone is unbelievable." , And then become dizzy, it is victory, but good luck."