Xian Yushu (1246-1302)

His courtesy name was Boji, his nickname was Kou Xue Shanmin, and he was a native of Yuyang (now Jixian County, Beijing). He was a doctor of official Taichang. Zhao Mengfu admired his calligraphy very much. He once said: "Yu and Boji were classmates in cursive writing, and Boji passed away. I am still far away, I tried my best to pursue it but could not catch it, Boji is gone, I am called a servant capable of writing in this world, it is said that no Buddha comes out to call you Zun." The calligraphy of the two was called "Er Miao" at that time.

Throughout the history of calligraphy, due to the "backlash" against the "Shangyi" calligraphy style of the Song Dynasty, the calligraphy circle of the Yuan Dynasty reappeared the trend of retro-respecting the law. Xian Yushu, like Zhao Mengfu, became the "return to the traditional classic calligraphy trend in the early Yuan Dynasty". Pioneer" (Huang Dun's words). According to the "Epitaph of Xianyu Fujun", Xianyu's family has been a scholar for many generations. Xianyu Shu was inspired by his grandmother's ink when he was young, and later consulted Zhang Tianci, a calligrapher of the Jin Dynasty. Liu Zhi, a native of the Yuan Dynasty, described his calligraphy experience: "Xianyu Kunxue (Xianyushu's name is "Kengxue Mountain Min"), he first studied Aodun, Zhou Qingzhuxuan, and later Yaolu Gongxuezhai, experienced Hunan Xiansi, and met Li Beihai "Yuelu Temple Monument" is something I have learned. When I traveled to Jiangsu and Zhejiang with Zhao Gongzi, his book made great progress, and he became famous for it, and he was the first in cursive writing." While asking for help and communicating with Shi Yan, Xian Yushu It also approached the Tang and Song Dynasties, and traced back to the Wei and Jin Dynasties, "deliberately studying ancient books, the water in the pond is almost black" (Zhao Mengfu's poem). He has many kinds of famous calligraphy in his collection, especially Yan Zhenqing's "Manuscript of Sacrifice to My Nephew" which he treasures even more. He calls it "the second in the world in running script and the first in my family's Dharma script". Books such as "Shiqu Baoji" and "Daguan Lu" record that he copied Wang Xizhi's "Seventeen Tie", Wang Xianzhi's "Qun Ge Tie", Yan Zhenqing's "Deer Breast Tie" and Huai Su's "Autobiography Tie" and other ink writings. Many Dharma posts also have his wonderful inscriptions and postscripts, such as "The calligraphers have King Zhong, just like the Confucianists have Zhou Kong. Today's scholars talk about the 'two kings' without mentioning Zhong. They still call them Confucius and Mencius without saying anything." "The Duke of Zhou". According to Ming Fengfang's "Shu Jue", Xian Yu Shu's Xiaokai script was based on Zhong Yao's method. At the same time, he was also good at imitating nature. According to records, he "studied calligraphy at an early age and was ashamed to be inferior to the ancients. Occasionally, I saw two people pulling a cart in the mud in the wild, and then I realized the writing skills..." This is similar to Zhang Xu's sword dancing, Huang Tingjian saw the rowing and realized that the writing method has the same principle. Xian Yushu had an outspoken character. Chen Yi, a contemporary calligrapher, once said: "In this generation, Xian Yushu is the only doctor (referring to Xian Yushu) who is good at hanging calligraphy on his wrist. When I asked him, he stretched out his arms with anger and said: 'Courage! Courage! Courage!'" This kind of arrogance The secular and bizarre personality is especially reflected in the line and grass creations - vigorous and unbridled, free and unrestrained. Zhao Mengfu highly praised this. He once said: "Yu and Boji (Xianyu Shuzi Boji) were classmates in cursive writing. Boji was far ahead of Yu. He tried his best to catch up but could not catch up..."

His calligraphy achievement mainly lies in cursive writing. Learn cursive script and be able to come up with new ideas. His writing method is very distinctive, using a unique wrist-turning method; he likes to use wolf hair and emphasizes bone strength when writing. Indeed, his cursive writing is strong and full of strength. The writing style is free and natural. His skills are very solid, he can write with his wrist hanging, and his writing is strong. Yuan Bao, a contemporary, said: "The old man who is poor in learning is good at turning his wrist, so his calligraphy is round and vigorous. It may be said that he mostly uses the Tang method. However, he and Boji have known each other for ten years." In the past five or six years, it has been seen that his calligraphy has changed day by day and is better than the common calligraphy of the world." ("Shu Lin Zao Jian") The calligrapher Chen Yi once said: "In this generation, there is only one doctor who is good at hanging wrist calligraphy. When I asked about it, I was angry. He stretched out his arms and said: "Courage! Courage! Courage!" This shows his spirit of daring to innovate. His regular script includes "Preface to Li Yuan's Return to Pangu", which is now in the collection of the Shanghai Museum. His writing style is simple, rigorous and magnificent. There are some self-written poems in cursive writing, such as "Ode to Poems in Big Characters" and "Tang Poems in Cursive Scroll".

【Appreciation of works】

"Du Fu's Songs and Poems of General Wei" in cursive script, cursive script, 48×462cm, collected by the Palace Museum, Beijing

  This is a book recording Du Fu's poem "Song of General Wei" from the Tang Dynasty. It is inscribed with "You Shaoling Wei General's Songs and Kong Xue Min Shu", and has the seals of "Yuyang" (Zhu Wen), "Xianyu" (Zhu Wen), "Bai Ji Seal" (Bai Wen), and "Kong Xue Zhai" (Zhu Wen). The front of the volume is inscribed: "Authentic poems by Du Boji in cursive script of Yuan Xian of the Yuan Dynasty. Daoguang Gengzi reinstalled them in the summer. Collection of Autumn Shangzhai". At the end of the volume, there is a long postscript by Luo Tianchi, describing the circulation of this volume.

   The calligraphy on this post is free and easy, with continuous strokes and smooth ink, and has the potential to be completed in one go. There are few changes in the stippling of some characters, which are based on those of the Tang Dynasty, and are known for their momentum.

   Appraisal and collection seals: "Seal of Calligraphy and Painting of the Capital Province" (Zhu Wen), "Seal of the Department of Discipline Inspection" (Zhu Wen), "Guanfang of Calligraphy and Painting of the Ministry of Rites" (Zhu Wen), and seals of Huang Dejun, Wu Yuanhui, Wang Nanping, etc.

The general used to wear an official shirt, and his iron horse was relaxed and heavy with two titles. Being determined and determined to conquer the West Pole,
The east rock of Kunlun Moon Grotto. There are tens of thousands of fierce warriors in the feather forest of the king's gate, and they are as evil as being imprisoned by a roaring tiger.
He started his business in the Frost Halberd five years ago and crossed the sea to collect his sails in one day. All my life I have been stupid,
The young man in Chang'an was furious. The bones of the Marquis of Wei are tense and the spirit is tight. Autumn falcons can be seen at the top of Huayue Peak.
The gold pantuo of the Xinglin treasure school rides the Tiansi at night to cross the Tianhe River. Armed with a gun, Yinghuo dared not move.
Cui Rui's five flowers are dangling together. I set up a song department for my son, and put the sword in the wine rack to reveal my liver and gallbladder.
Gou Chen Cang Cang Feng Xuan Wu, live forever to serve the Ming Lord, and there are enough festivals and scholars in Linjiang.
Song of General Wei from You Shaoling, Book of Confused Scholars

"The Censor's Proverbs", regular script on paper, 50.1×409.6cm, collected by the Princeton University Art Museum, USA

Xianyu Shu's regular script "Yushi Zhijuan", written in the third year of Dade (1299), on paper. At the back of the volume are inscriptions and postscripts by Zhao Mengfu, Deng Wenyuan and others. The brush strokes in this volume are vigorous, simple and majestic, without any need for carving, but are elegant and free-spirited. Zhao highly praised this volume and wrote in the postscript: "Boji's calligraphy is full of ancient techniques, which makes it a treasure."

First volume of modern running script by Zhang Daqian, height 50.1cm

Inscriptions and postscripts by Yuan people: 50.1×115.2cm

"Laozi's Tao Te Ching" paper version, regular script, 26.7×642.5cm, collected by the Palace Museum, Beijing

Xian Yushu's "Laozi's Tao Te Ching in Regular Script" begins with "Heaven and Earth" and ends with "Laozi's Tao Te Ching, Volume 1". The second volume is missing and the name is not given. Each section of connecting paper has the Zhu Wen seal of "Disciples of the Three Religions". At the back of the volume, there are five paragraphs of inscriptions and postscripts by Weng Fanggang, inscriptions by Wu Rongguang, and postscripts by Yan Shiqing, as well as a bookmark of "Songxia Qingzhai".

The calligraphy of this calligraphy is based on that of Yu Shinan. The body is slender, the brushwork is exquisite, and the brushwork is refreshing and powerful. It is the only long piece of regular script written by Bo Ji, and it should be regarded as a masterpiece in his middle age.

The collection seals include "Jin Ting Mi Wan" (Zhu Wen), "Matsushita Qing Zhai", "Chun Qi Man Zi Geng Wan Ban Zhu" (Zhu Wen), "Zhen Jing Bookstore's Seal" (Zhu Wen), "Lu Gong" "Private Seal" (Bai Wen), "Tan Xi Approval" (Zhu Wen) and "Su Zhai Mo Yuan" (Zhu Wen). "Once on □Po's desk" (Zhu Wen), "Ancient Wu Pan Jiefan □Po's seal" (Zhu Wen) and Ye Gongchuo's seals.

"Du Gongbu Xingci Zhaoling Poetry Volume", paper, running script, 32x3342cm, collected by the Palace Museum, Beijing

The old customs are tired and mediocre, and the heroes of the crowd ask the single husband. The ridicule returns to the quality of dragon and phoenix, and the authority is determined by the tiger and wolf capital.
It does not belong to the canon of Yao, but the magical power is assisted by Yumo. The wind and clouds follow the end of the road, and the sun and the moon follow the high road.
Many of the cultural relics were learned from the ancients, and the imperial court was full of old Confucians. Straight words are better to kill and humiliate, and the path of virtue is not rough.
Disasters are still coming in the past, and the people are still gasping for breath. Command An to lead the land and clean up Fuhong Furnace.
The strong man mourns the mausoleum, and the lonely man worships Ding Lake. Jade clothes lift themselves up in the morning, and iron horses sweat for a long time.
Pines and cypresses look into the empty hall, and the dust and sand stand on the dark road. On the lonely founding day, hatred filled the mountains and corners.
The right Ministry of Industry wrote the poems of Zhaoling and learned the folk calligraphy from the poor.

Last knowledge: "You Gongbu Xianci Zhaoling Poetry, poor scholar Min Shu." Seal "Xianyu", "Baiji Seal", "Descendant of Jizi", "Hulin Hidden Official", "Descendant of Zhongshan" seal Five directions. At the end of the volume there are two postscripts by Wang Yi and Song Lian. The collection's seals include the seals of Qianlong, Jiaqing, and Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty, as well as the seals of Liang Qingbiao, Song Lian, and Wang Yi.

Volume 4 of "The Spectacular Life" by Gu Fu in the Ming Dynasty, Volume 31 of "The First Edition of Shiqu Baoji" in the Qing Dynasty, and recorded in "The Catalog of Lost Calligraphy and Paintings in the Forbidden City".
This is Du Fu's five-character "Xingci Zhaoling Poetry" written in running script by Xian Yushu. Du Fu is a famous representative of realistic poetry in the Tang Dynasty. Most of his works are related to the political affairs of the time. This poem is also full of concerns about the rise and fall of the country.

This post has a clear structure and vigorous writing style, which is consistent with Xian Yushu's personal temperament. As Liu Guan commented: "The public is a resolute and beautiful doctor, with a majestic look on his face. He drinks vigorously every time, and writes with his brush strokes. There are many strange things, and the momentum is unstoppable." This volume is the representative work of Xian Yushu's large-character running script. .

"On Cursive Calligraphy" 26.9×53.6cm Collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei

Explanation: Zhang Changshi, Huai Su, and Gao Xian are all famous for their cursive calligraphy. The long history is unconventional, and sometimes it goes beyond the law; Huaisu abides by the law and has many ancient ideas; Gao Xian uses a thick pen, and he can get six or seven ears; when it reaches the valley, it is so bad that it cannot be understood."

   This post has no seal, but there is an old inscription "This Boji's original work" on the post, which is recorded in the Yangxin Hall of "The First Edition of Shiqu Baoji" in the "Combined Volume of Ink Calligraphy by Zhao Mengfu and Xian Yushu".

   This was written by Xian Yushu to his friend Zhao Mengfu. The post pointed out that Zhang Xu's calligraphy sometimes deviated from the law, while Huai Su followed ancient methods, so his works often contained ancient meanings. Then, he evaluated Gao Xian's cursive writing as only average, and criticized Huang Tingjian, saying that cursive writing "is so bad that it reaches the valley and cannot be undone."

   Of course, Xian Yushu also held this attitude towards calligraphers in the Song and Jin dynasties. For example, in the postscript "Wang Xianzhi's Nanny Monument", he sharply criticizes Mi Fu: "But he laughs at Nangong Mi Fuzi, why did he study so hard all his life!" Obviously, he is a person who respects the ancients. The so-called "the present does not catch up with the ancients" naturally has a negative impact on Huang Tingjian. disapproving cursive.

   Xian Yushu's "On Cursive Calligraphy" is one of his masterpieces in cursive calligraphy. His works reflect his view of cursive calligraphy art, following tradition and striving for ancient meanings. After reading this post, one can clearly feel that it is based on the "Seventeen Posts" of Dharma King Xizhi. The writing is proficient, the writing is smooth, and the tradition is still impartial. Because he is good at turning his wrist back and turning the flow beautifully, Xian Yushu is quite popular among the two kings of cursive calligraphy.

Cursive Han Yu Stone Drum Song

At the beginning of this volume, there is a number written by Luo Tingchen, "The authentic copy of the Stone Drum Song written by Yu Boji of the Yuan Dynasty, collected by Yuexuelou". From this, we can know that this volume was once collected by "Yuexuelou", that is, Kong Zhou (zi), a great collector in the late Qing Dynasty. Chiting) collected it, and at the end of the volume there is a postscript written by Cao Rong, one of the "four major collectors" in the early Qing Dynasty. He once collected it, and its value doubled. Later, there were inscriptions and postscripts by Kong Zhou, indicating that this volume had been collected by two major collectors in the Qing Dynasty, and its price was more than justified. Kong Zhou's collection was published in five volumes of "Yue Xuelou Calligraphy and Painting Records" compiled by his sons Kong Guangyong and Guang Tao. Guangyong was named Huaimin, his younger brother Guangtao was named Hongchang, also known as Shaotang, and was from Nanhai, Guangdong. He was born between Xianfeng and Tongzhi (1851-1874) in the Qing Dynasty. His father Zhou edited and edited. He was fond of calligraphy and painting and had a rich collection. The Kong brothers stayed true to their family business and purchased many more, so they compiled a collection of calligraphy and painting collections into a book. The book has a preface by Chen Qikun and Li Zhaotang written in the 11th year of Xianfeng (1861). It was recorded from scriptures written by people in the Tang Dynasty and ended in the late Ming Dynasty. There are 139 pieces in total in chronological order. The collected works include many famous works from past dynasties. This piece is one of the important collections.

  There are two copies of "Song of Stone Drums" written by Xian Yushu in ink. One was written in the fifth year of Dade in the Yuan Dynasty (1301) and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of America. The second is this volume, which is a perfect example of Xian's calligraphy in his mature period. The paper and ink quality are perfect, which is better than the final work of the "Metropolitan Edition". Lu Shen, a calligrapher and writer of the Ming Dynasty, wrote in a postscript: "Shigu's writing is strange, Han's poems are also strange, and it is difficult to learn to write this, and it is powerful to rival it, and it is also strange." Such an evaluation can be said to be quite pertinent. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, this book has been circulated with the seals of "Xianyu" and "Kongxuezhai". It is also recorded in the postscripts and seals of more than ten authors such as Lu Shen and Cao Rong of the Ming Dynasty, Luo Tianchi, Kong Guangtao and Hu Bicheng of the Qing Dynasty. He is the author of six collections of calligraphy and painting, including Bian Yongyu's "Review of Calligraphy and Painting in Shigutang", Kong Guangtao's "Records of Calligraphy and Painting at Yuexuelou", and the fourth volume of "Chinese Calligraphy Dacheng".

  On October 31, 1999, the volume appeared at Sotheby's in Hong Kong, with an estimated estimate of HK$2.5 million to HK$3 million, and was sold for HK$6.84 million. It was launched again by Hanhai, Beijing, on June 26, 2004, with an estimated price. Upon inquiry, the bidding started at RMB 7 million, and was finally sold for RMB 46.2 million, breaking the record of RMB 33 million for Song Mifu's "Mountain Inscription" hand scroll, the highest price ever for Chinese calligraphy and painting, and ranking first in the calligraphy auction rankings.

  The original poem of Han Yu's "Song of Stone Drums" is:
Zhang Sheng, holding a stone drum in his hand, persuaded me to try to compose a stone drum song. There is no one in Shaoling who banishes immortals to death, so the talented generals are helpless.
The whole world was in a state of uproar after Zhou Gang's death, and King Xuan became angry and launched a sword. The Great Kai Ming Hall received congratulations from the court, and the swords of the princes were grinding against one another.
Searching for Qiyang, the heroes are galloping, and all the beasts and beasts from thousands of miles away are covered. The success of the work is engraved to tell the world, and the stone is chiselled to make a drum.
The talent of my subordinates is the best, and I chose to write and engrave it to stay in the mountains. The rain is drenched by the sun, the wild fire is burning, and ghosts are guarding you.
Where did the public get the paper? It is completely prepared and correct. The words are strict and the meaning is difficult to read, and the font is not similar to Li and Ta.
As he gets older, there will inevitably be a lack of paintings. A quick sword cuts off the living dragon. The luan flies, the phoenix and the immortals descend, and the coral and green trees intersect with branches.
The gold rope and iron rope lock button are strong. The ancient tripod jumps over the water, the dragon soars. The humble Confucians have no income from compiling poems, while the elegant ones are forced to do so without mercy.
Confucius traveled to the west and could not reach Qin, so he took Xi'e with him. I lament that I was born in such a bitter past, and I burst into tears over this.
Recalling the early Dr. Meng's expedition in the past, it was renamed Yuanhe. The ancients joined the army in the right auxiliary, and measured the mortar for me.
Wearing crowns, bathing, and offering wine as sacrifices. How many treasures can there be? Wrapped in felt and mats, it can stand upright, and ten drums can only carry several camels.
It is recommended that the price of Zhu Tai Temple is more than a hundred times higher than that of Gao Ding. If the saint's grace allows him to study in Taipei, students can learn from each other's explanations.
After reading the sutra, the capital is still stuffed with food, and I can see the whole country running around. Cut out the moss and expose the corners, and place it properly and evenly.
The building has deep eaves and cladding, and has experienced a long period of time. The high-ranking officials in China and North Korea are old at doing things, and they are grateful to Tu Yanwei.
The shepherd boy knocks the horn of the fire-burning ox, and who caresss it with his hands? When the sun is gone and the moon is shining, it is buried, and for six years the west is empty.
Xi's vulgar books take advantage of their charming appearance. Counting pieces of paper can still win the white goose. After the wars of the Zhou and Eight Dynasties, no one took care of Li Zena.
Nowadays, there is nothing to do in peace, and I am in charge of Confucianism and worship Qiu Ke. An Neng can make arguments based on this, and is willing to use the opportunity to argue like a river.
The song of Shigu stops here, and I feel that it was wasted time. "

"Han Yujin's Interpretation of Cursive Script" 49.1×795.5cm Collection of Capital Museum, Beijing

The original text of "Jinxuejie" is a famous article written by Han Yu in the Tang Dynasty. This volume was written by Xian Yushu in running script and cursive script. The full text has a total of 108 lines, with each line ranging from two to two crosses. The first half is mainly written in running script, and the second half is mainly written in cursive script. It is free and natural, written in one go, with firmness, softness, and frustration, and a clear rhythm. Such as ink painting, high, low, far and near, ups and downs. It is a masterpiece among Xian Yushu's works. There are white seals of "Xian Yu Shu Bo Ji Fu" and Zhu Wen seals of "Yu Yang" and "Hu Lin Yin Li". The following paper contains two postscripts by Liu Zhi and Ban Weizhi of the Yuan Dynasty.

Liu Zhi (1280-1334), whose courtesy name was Shizhong and nicknamed Buzhai, was from Shanxi. The style of this postscript belongs to the style of Zhao Mengfu, but it is slightly clumsy.

Ban Weizhi (date of birth and death unknown), courtesy name Yangong and nickname Shuzhai, was born in Kaifeng, Henan. He was a disciple of Deng Wenyuan, a famous calligrapher in the Yuan Dynasty. He followed Deng to write the Tripitaka in gold for the royal family, and his calligraphy was renowned throughout the world. The style of this postscript is sweet, elegant and charming.


Mr. Guozi came to Taixue in the morning, summoned all the students to stand in the hall, and taught: "The work is accomplished by diligence, and the waste is by play. Action is achieved by thinking, and destroyed by following. Now that the sages and sages meet, the tools of governance are completed. Pull it out. Fierce and evil, Chongxing Junliang. Those who account for small good deeds will be recorded, and those who are famous for their skills are all mediocre. Climbing and picking, scraping and polishing. If you are lucky enough to be selected, who has too many clouds and is not promoted? All the karma in your life are suffering. If you are unable to be precise, you are not suffering from the misunderstanding of the Secretary; if you are unable to succeed, you are not suffering from the unfairness of the Secretary." Before he finished speaking, someone laughed and said, "Sir, you are bullying me! I have been doing this for you for a long time. Mr. He is constantly reciting the articles of the six arts, and his hands are constantly covering the compilations of hundreds of schools of thought. Those who note the events must mention their essentials, and those who compile them must describe their mysteries. If you are greedy for more, you must get more, and you will not donate small or large things. Burn anointed oil to continue the sundial, Hengwuwu has been living in poverty for a long time. My husband's work can be said to be diligent . He suppressed heretics and denounced Buddhas and elders. He repaired the leaks and left the emperor in the dark. Looking for the vastness of the falling thread, he searched far away from Shao alone. He blocked hundreds of rivers and headed to the east. , the storm has fallen. Mr. Confucianism can be said to be a labor of love. He is deeply immersed in Confucianism and contains English and Chinese. As an article, his books are full of books. Looking at Yao Si, it is boundless "Gao" of Zhou Dynasty and "Pan" of Yin Dynasty "Chunqiu" is cautious, "Zuo Shi" is exaggerated; "Yi" is strange but methodical, "Shi" is upright but wonderful. "Zhuang" and "Sao" are recorded by Taishi; Ziyun and Xiangru, They have the same purpose but different tunes. What Mr. Wang is good at in writing can be said to be incomparable with others! He only knows how to learn when he is young and has the courage to do things. He has long been able to understand the direction and is suitable for both left and right sides. Mr. Wang is a perfect person as a person. However, he does not believe in public opinion. When it comes to others, he doesn't help his friends. He often gets blamed for his postscripts. He was a censor for a while, and then fled to Nanyi. After three years of doctorate, he didn't see any treatment. How long will fate and hatred be defeated? The winter is warm. The number is cold, the years are good, but the wife is crying and hungry. The first child has chipped teeth, what's the use of dying? I don't care about this, (but) I teach people!”

The master said: "Hey! Come forward. The big wood is locust, and the thin wood is cypress. The dwarfs are plucked, the dwarfs are plucked, and the wedges are wedged. Each one finds his own suitability. Those who use it to build a house are also the work of the craftsman. Yuzha and cinnabar are the work of the craftsman. , red arrows, green sesame, oxen, puffballs, and the skin of broken drums, all collected and kept until all are used, this is the best doctor (teacher). When the emperor chooses the public, mix in the skillful and clumsy, and the rest will become the beauty, Zhuo Nao is an outstanding person, he has a short command and a good measure, but the only one who has the right equipment is the prime minister.

In the past, Mencius was good at arguing and was very knowledgeable. The track circles the world, and the dead are old and wise. Xun Qing kept upright and promoted his great discussions. Fleeing from slander in Chu, he destroyed Lanling and died. These two Confucians speak their words into the scriptures and use their actions to form the Dharma. Unparalleled and estranged from the world, how will it be like in the world if you enter the holy realm?

Although Mr. Today is diligent in his studies, he does not lose track of his tradition. Although he talks a lot, he does not focus on them. Although the writing is wonderful, it is not useful; although the conduct is cultivated, it is not obvious to the public. Still, the monthly salary is only a few millimeters of millet per year. The son doesn't know how to plow, the woman doesn't know how to weave. Riding on a horse and following a disciple , he sat down and ate. During the regular battles, he spied on the Chens and compiled them to steal. However, the Holy Lord did not punish him, and the ministers did not reprimand him. Isn't it a blessing? If you move, you will be slandered, and your name will follow. It is better to divide them if they are idle and scattered. If the husband is concerned about the presence or absence of financial bribes, he will be considered as the leader of the class . The term "forgetting one's own measure" refers to the flaws of predecessors. This is the so-called Jijiang family who does not use the 杙 as a couplet, but the Zi doctor uses the prosperous yang to bring in the new year and wants to enter his 訨訨訨. "

Youhan Wengong's "Jinxuejie"

"Cursive Poetry Praise Volume" 43.4×3876.4cm Collection of Shanghai Museum

Xian Yushu's "Cursive Poetry Praise Volume" is an ink version. Written in the sixth year of Dade (1302). The whole volume has seventy-one lines, with each line ranging from two to four characters. The first book is "Praise to the Image of Xue'an" (Xue'an is the author of Puguang) poem, and the second book is "Praise to the Moon-Sucking Cup". For example, the first part of the hymn lacks the six rhymes of "secure ", "liu", "qiu", "stick", "ball" and "cow". At the end of the volume there are two chapters of rhymes by Lu Juren, and the calligraphy is also impressive. This volume is now in the Shanghai Museum, and a photocopy has been published by the Hong Kong Book Publishing House.

  The calligraphy in this volume is strong, full of power, majestic and ups and downs, the brushwork is vertical and horizontal but solid, the momentum is majestic yet regular. He often pays attention to details when writing, such as the dense and dense layout of the entire article, the clever use of Fei Bai, and the clever arrangement of sharp edges and strings. When writing, it gives people a generous and natural feeling of being unhurried, graceful and unhurried. All of them show his true qualities as a first-class calligrapher in the Yuan Dynasty. Although the beginning of this "Poetry in Running Script" is missing, it is still a rare masterpiece of Xian Yushu's calligraphy, and it also provides precious information for the study of Xian Yushu's calligraphy art.  

...The huge list shines in Jiuzhou, and people with a lot of money are vying for the title.
The emperor opened Zhao Wenli's nest, returned and lay down in the woods in his clothes.
One day, Xian Bifu traveled far to the south, crossing Wuling Mountains and east Fujian Province.
The Tao River is full of miasma, and the Yu point in Kuaiji is rarely left.
The mountain king protects the post boat behind the river, and the horse runs towards Fang Bo and the princes.
Jian Yu freed himself from the poor sea, and Jie Chu (i.e. "encounter") was in harmony with each other.
When the general manager asked, now that he is old, he realizes that Dou Sui (i.e. "Dousuo") is a Qing cultivator.
The poems and portraits are really self-intentioned, and the paper ends with three thousand years of history.
Like the moon cup
Made from a small coconut from Hainan, it looks like an angry frog (click here)
I will open my eyes, widen my belly, stare at the Emperor's gaze, and if my desires are not satisfied, I will cut off my feet, cut my intestines, and use the light of the moon as my wine cup. The truth of the expedition was due to Zhi Bo, and the warning to overturn the chariot was due to the king of Yue. If the drums stop playing, the shadow moth is in the hall, drinking the clear dew of the osmanthus flower, smelling the lingering fragrance of the heavenly wine, feeling the vulgarity of the golden king, and ridiculing the green and yellow color of the sacrifice statue.
Jirong used this paper to commemorate his humble work. He took advantage of the opportunity to write this and should not show it to others. Poor students are rare in Shu.

"Autumn Poems", paper, running script, collected by the Palace Museum, Beijing 


The next rhyme was Qiu Renfu's "Late Autumn Miscellaneous Xing", which was presented by Shu.

The poor official is often a guest and does not help the poor in vain. I looked at the newly passed wild geese again, but they still hadn’t returned home.

  Who will fill the empty hut? Diesel cars come late. Qingyun has a close friend, and being down and out is like a relative.

 It is quiet, the berries are covered with moss, and the fallen leaves are deep at the door. It's still hot in autumn, but the country of water is full of clouds.

  It means that when you look at paintings, you can feel happy and listen to the piano. I'm going to rely on my poetry friends, and I'll chant a little for you.

 We share the same body and distance, and our hearts share the same feelings. I know that I am stupid when it comes to making a living, but I am stupid when I am studying farming.

  Looking at the sky in the north and thinking about Bian, I still feel tired of Wu when I travel to the south. In the new year, we need to ask about quinoa, but the prosperity is not in quinoa.  

The first sign of this painting is: "Ciyun Qiu Renfu's "Late Autumn Zaxing", presented by Shu." The hidden seals are "Changyuan Wang Family Treasures" and "Song Nao Approval". Recorded in Volume 1 of "Shiqu Baoji. First Edition".  

These are three five-character poems composed by Xian Yushu and Qiu Yuan's poems, with 17 lines. The poems are full of strong homesickness. From the sentence "looking at the sky in the north and thinking about Bian, traveling south but not tired of Wu", it can be seen that the author was in Jiangsu and Zhejiang at this time. The calligraphy of this calligraphy is handsome, vigorous, and slightly sparse. It is one of the more representative works of Xian in his middle and later years.

"Two Chapters of Autumn Embrace in Cursive Script" Paper Album Cursive Script 35.2×45.5, 35cm Collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing

"Album of Autumn Embrace Poems" was written by Xian Yushu who was feeling the scenery of autumn night. "The author gave a smile to Zhan Yuan", indicating that it was sent to the old man. The last payment is signed with "Shu Dun Shou".

The writing style of this post is similar to that of "Qiu Xing Shi", and it should have been written by Xian Yushu when he was in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Only the paper quality is not as good as the previous one, so there are more dry strokes. However, the writing style is coherent and stretched, and the involved turns are clearly explained. It is still a masterpiece of Bo Ji's book.

This post was originally collected by the Qing Palace, and its identification marks include "Feilong Wufeng" (Zhu Wen) and "Song Luo's Approval" (Zhu Wen).

Records from past dynasties: "The First Collection of Shiqu Baoji" (one of the "Song and Yuan Baohan Records").

Autumn Embrace Chapter 2
I can't sleep at night, I sit up and sing
Jade Qin. How complicated is the sound of the piano?
It hurts my heart. Going by the past day by day
Far away from the secular world, the surname is Xin. mourning
Neither is the vessel, and its origin cannot be found. sigh
The rest of my life will be miserable, and I will burst into tears thinking about this.
The purpose is Jing Jie's words, which have been known for thousands of years.
The Mid-Autumn night is bitter and long, and the guests sleep late.
Wearing clothes and walking in the atrium, the moon is bright and the wind is miserable.
Look up at the flying geese and listen to the chirping of crickets.
Insects and birds are solid microscopic objects, with various origins.
sometimes. Still sitting and reading my book,
It's not as good as Chu Ke's sorrow. Such is the recent work, please
The author Zhan Yuan smiled. Shudushou

"Preface to the Preface of Han Yu's Farewell to Li Yuan's Return to Pangu" in Running Script, 48.6×533.3cm, collected by Shanghai Museum

This volume's "Preface to Han Changli's Farewell to Li Yuan's Return to Pangu" begins with "The husband came before him and followed him to stop the journey" (according to "Han Changli's Collection"), and there are still 108 characters missing before it. There is a comment that it is "clear, steep and vigorous, with strong character".
The volume is later written by Wang Zhideng of the Ming Dynasty and Jue of the Song Dynasty, and written by Di Pingzi in modern times. It was collected by Zhao Huanguang in the Ming Dynasty, Miao Rizao, Zeng Li and Di Pingzi in the Qing Dynasty.

Husband, the road is blocked by the followers, and the people who provide supplies, each holding his own things, are galloping in the middle of the road. Joy is rewarded, anger is punished. Before he was full of talents, his Taoism was well-known in ancient and modern times and his virtues were heard without disturbing his ears. Those with curved eyebrows and plump cheeks, clear voice but defecation, good looks on the outside but grace on the inside, light skirts, long sleeves, pink and white and dark green, live leisurely in rows of houses, are jealous of favors but bear the burden of others, compete for beauty and seek pity. When a real man meets the emperor, he knows how to do it and exerts his strength in what the people of the world do. I didn't run away because of this, it was my destiny and I couldn't just do it by luck. Living in a poor and wild place, rising high and looking into the distance, sitting in a lush tree all day long, raising a clear spring to purify oneself. Collected in the mountains, it is beautiful and can be eaten; fished in the water, it is fresh and edible. There is no time for daily life, only comfort and peace. Instead of having a good reputation in front of you, how can you not be ruined later; instead of having a happy body, how can you have no worries in your heart. The chariot and clothes are not maintained, the knife and saw are not sharpened, the chaos is not understood, and the demotion is ignored. I will do what a man would do if he did not meet the circumstances. A person who serves at the gate of a high official, rushes around the situation, stumbles when he is about to step forward, slurs when he speaks, is not ashamed of being dirty, and spends his whole life wandering around in the face of punishment.
You Han Wengong's "Preface to the Sending of Li Yuan to Pangu", the great virtue Gengzi, the minister went to Dongchang, brother Jifu was qualified to be the chief judge, and left his son to collect this paper. Living in a village house, the study equipment is not available. I borrowed this pen from someone who had a lot of gold, but it was all forged by people from the south, and it fell apart as soon as it entered the ink pen. All the four or five easy-to-read volumes were written, but they were all unwritten, and they only fulfilled the responsibility of disobeying orders. Clumsy and evil ridicule, I dare not say goodbye. Difficult scholars are in the Shuji

"Ma Zhengjun's Translucent Ancient Mirror Song" on paper, 30.5 x 19.8cm, collected by the National Palace Museum, Taipei

Xian Yushu's "Ma Zhengjun's Translucent Ancient Mirror Song", on paper, with large characters in regular script, cut and bound into a volume. This volume is cut and bound into a volume with broken lines. Judging from the collection seal, it seems that it was modified before Liang Qingbiao entered the imperial palace of the Qing Dynasty. The original form of the order is no longer known.

The structure of "Ma Zhengjun's Translucent Ancient Mirror Song" is nearly square, and the character spacing and line spacing are different, so the original appearance cannot be seen. Judging from the traces, it may have been four characters per line. The font is slightly sized according to the number of strokes and the inherent shape of the characters, and is generally uniform in size. The thickness of the strokes does not change much. The structure of the font comes from the regular script of the Jin and Tang Dynasties.

He seems not to care about the exquisiteness of each stroke, but focuses on the creation of the overall momentum and image of each word. Su Shi once said: "It is difficult for large characters to be dense and seamless, and it is difficult for small characters to be broad and generous." This large character can be said to be "dense and seamless", and the writing becomes better as the writing goes on, and the pen and ink are all perfect. Overall, this large font is regular and magnificent, and is a typical work of Xianyu's regular script.

"Twelve Tang Dynasty Poems including Songs of Drunkenness" Album Collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei

"Drunk Song" (Du Fu)
When all the princes went to power and went to the province, Mr. Guangwen became a lonely official.
Everyone in the first class is tired of pork, and Mr. Guangwen doesn't have enough food.
The teacher is more talented than Emperor Xi, and the teacher is more talented than Qu Song.
Dezun's generation is often full of ups and downs, but what's the use of being famous forever!
Du Ling's wild guests sneered even more. They were covered in short brown hair and narrow hair.
I bought five liters of rice in Taicang one day and went to live with Mr. Zheng.
When you get money, you will find each other, and when you sell wine, there is no doubt about it. You are so carried away that you drink your true master.
The clear night is full of spring drinks, and the drizzle is falling on the eaves in front of the lamp.
But if I feel that there are ghosts and gods in Gaoge, how can I know that I will starve to death and fill the ravine?
Xiangru Yicai personally washes the utensils, Ziyun learns to read and finally throws himself into the pavilion.
Mr. Wang returned from his early work and found that the stone fields and huts were deserted and covered with moss.
Confucianism is of no use to me. Confucius and his thieves are all in the dust.
There is no need to feel miserable after hearing this, we met and held the cup while we were still alive!

(The following excerpt is from Chu Guangxi's "Wu was demoted to the Jintan Order when traveling with Wu Ping to the lake")
I came to the Immortal Pavilion in the morning to listen to the string songs, and in the evening I went to the flower pavilion to see Qiluo.
  I order wine by the pool to take pity on the wind and moon, and return the boat to Pukou to cherish the lotus flowers.
  The bamboo island in the flower pool is adjacent to the secluded path, and the paintings float into the night stream.
  It is difficult for a boat to enter if the water is filled with lotus flowers, but it is easy for people to stay in singing and dancing and the moon will be low.

(The following excerpt is from Chu Guangxi's "Jisun Shanren")
In February, the lonely boat returns to the new forest, and the Qingjiang River is full of water and the mountains are full of flowers. I would like to ask you about the gentleman who lives in his hometown. He comes and goes and lives in the human world from time to time.

(The following is Wang Changling's "Autumn Resentment in the West Palace")
The hibiscus is not as beautiful as the beauty's makeup, and the wind in the water palace brings the fragrance of pearls and green flowers.
But I hate to cry and hide the autumn fans, and the bright moon hangs in the sky to wait for the king.

(The following is Wang Changling's "Spring Palace Song")
Last night the wind opened and exposed the peaches on the well, and the moon was high in the front hall of Weiyang.
Pingyang's singing and dancing are newly favored, and the spring cold outside the curtain is bestowed with brocade robes.

(The following is Wang Changling's "Farewell to Li Pingshi")
It's hard to say goodbye to Qingjiang River. Tomorrow the boat will be in Chang'an.
Wu Ji's slow dance leaves you drunk, the green maple is white and the dew is cold.

(The following is Liu Changqing's "Xunsheng Zen Master Lan Ruo")
Autumn grass and yellow flowers cover the ancient Qian, and people can be seen in the distance through the forest.
The mountain monk grows old alone in the mountains, only seeing his youth in the cold pines.

(The following is Liu Changqing's "Xunsheng Zen Master Lan Ruo")
When I see you, I sing a sad song. How can I grow old every year?
The white house gradually looks like the autumn grass is disappearing, and the blue clouds don't know how many old friends there are.

(The following is Liu Changqing's "Farewell to Zhu Supplements")
The Book of Heaven summoned travelers from Canglang from far away, but they were unable to cope with Qiqi's illness several times.
The vast rivers and seas are full of spring, and pedestrians ride to Jinling.

(The following is "Zhaoyang Song" by Liu Changqing)

Last night Cheng En stayed in Weiyang, and her clothes still carried the incense of royal smoke.

The small cloud screen in the hibiscus tent is dark, the willows are full of wind and the water in the palace is cool.

(The following is Gao Shi's "Masterpiece")

The hotel is so cold that I can't sleep alone, and the guests' hearts are filled with sadness.

Tonight I miss my hometown thousands of miles away, and I am worried about another new year on my temples.


"Volume of Wang Anshi's Miscellaneous Poems" (part) 50×1025cm, collected by Liaoning Museum

 Xian Yushu's "Volume of Wang Anshi's Miscellaneous Poems" contains four miscellaneous poems by Wang Anshi: "Inscribed on the Landscape of the Minister", "Information of the Appointment and the Secretary Zhengfu", "Indicating Yuandu", and "Seeing the Reward for the Appointment". The whole volume has more than 600 words and was written in the 28th year of Zhiyuan (AD 1291). When Xian Yushu was 36 years old, he was at the peak of his calligraphy skills. Therefore, his calligraphy was magnificent, strong and smooth, showing Xian Yushu's profound calligraphy skills.  

Xian Yushu's "Volume of Wang Anshi's Miscellaneous Poems" (Part)

Jing Gong's poem...
Title Shi (Lang Shanshui)
In the past, I went to visit my two daughters.
The wilderness of Cangwu is smoky and deserted, with broken ridges and scattered hills.
The sadness of old age is blocked by waves, but unexpectedly it can be seen more in the painting.
The Duke of Yan sent a letter to the Prince of Yan's Mansion, but the king refused to give him a sum of money.
It is said that Jian died by mistake and should be pardoned, but how can he count his whole life to this day?
The benevolent and righteous people are buried in the loess, and only the powder and ink return to the bag.

Recruiting positions shall be announced to the official secretary
In the past, Mr. Jiang's house was near Qingxi Qu.
When the well is destroyed, the old tung trees are no longer there, but when the platform is tilted, there are still bamboos left.
In March and April, the pond is filled with rhombuses and fragrant flowers.
When the bulrushes and willows compete with each other, the river is green.
What Fang Di loves most is that it can be worn and built.
If you want to go to Wuzhouliang, you will send your thoughts to me all the year round.
The old man got this late, and his thoughts were lost in the grass and trees.
The eaves are swaying and the new buildings are new, and the roads and tunnels are mature.
It is more suitable for me to open a house in the middle of the water.
The ghost camp kills the desolate stalks, and the human environment sweeps away the noise.
The fish linger around, and the seabirds chase after them.
Why don't foreigners stop here?
Recalling the early days when the mulberry leaves were falling, wouldn’t it be wrong for me to be young?
Silkworm sleep suddenly wants to grow old, without saying a word.
When it comes to the Dongmen water, it is still a prudent Nanpu boat.
Although my house is secluded, the view is still sufficient.
Hengpi receives the back stream, and cuts directly to lose the front stream.
The dancing scales bring out heavy brocade, and the dancing feathers fall into soft jade.
The Bi-筩 scrolls are rolled out, and the purple-cornered couplets are drawn out.
Thousands of branches are in Sun Yiyang, and ten thousand branches are in Qi'ao.
The door is full of pottery plants, and the Hanhou family is on the bank.
There are still wild animals, and I have a new look.
Golden tinsel embraces turnips, green quilts cover alfalfa.
The toad can do tricks, and Ke Dou seems to be readable.
Lingxuan overlooks Beizhu, and when the flower is full, it reaches the valley.
If you hoe and hoe, the result will be good, and the construction can be continued.
Huang Chengsuan is tireless and dares to say divination all day long.
Although there is no Beihai wine, there is Pingjin meat.
The fairy Li Zhi makes the city anxious for a long time.
The voice comes with me, and it shades my valley.

Degree of indication
This year, the south of Zhongshan will be divided into gardens.
A pond was dug to construct my house, and the cold clear water can be used to rinse.
In the west of the ditch, young men were hired to carry soil for Pei Yan.
There are 300 sparse trees, among which the vines are the most luxuriant.
Don't ask for success, but take the easy way to achieve success.
The ground is one foot in the air, and the structure is made of wood.
Five catalpa trees come from the east, and the catalpa trees slip around the eaves.
I am tired of the world when I am old, and I lie down deep in my door.
Redeem the fish and swim with it, feed the birds and see them as before.
He is the only son who can guide the universe.
Wait until the spring days grow longer, and the oriole will clear the day.

Tips for paying an appointment
Duan Qianmu of the Jun family is afraid of invasion for the sake of righteousness.
Feng Shi believed in kindness, but his heart was broken even when he was in trouble.
Sichuan and Dining had this, but the garden house is not what it is today.
After the rain, the plum trees and willows are clean, and when the tide comes, the pupil trees are deep.
The fragrance is planted close to Zhu, and the shade is cut to capture the distant cens.
It is also difficult to honor the Qing Festival, and it is easy to find the difference in the Kuanghuai.
Ziyou pities the bamboos in the water, and enjoys the mountains and forests with ease.
If you can recruit me again, please give me a personal title.

Miscellaneous poems by You Jing Gong. On the 8th day of the second lunar month of Xinmao in the Yuan Dynasty, I passed by Junxi Zhenweitang and issued a life book on paper.
Junxi's calligraphy was upright as that of his predecessors, and the secret notes he collected were written on various calligraphy scripts. He also had to write clumsily, and he loved to forget the ugly meaning. Xian Yu Shu Ji.

Zhang Yanxiang's career manuscript volume

"Book of Poems of Su Shi and Haitang" on paper, 34.5X584cm, 1301, collected by the Palace Museum, Beijing

  Among Xian Yushu's extant ink writings, "Su Shi Haitang's Poems Volume" can be regarded as one of his masterpieces. This line of papyrus is 34.5 centimeters long and 584 centimeters wide. It records Su Shi's seven-character poem "Haitang". The back of the scroll contains inscriptions and collection marks from many calligraphers since the Yuan and Ming dynasties. Gui's postscript of Yuan Qiu said: "Xianyu Weng's cursive calligraphy compiled the 'Six Meanings' (author's note: "Six Arts" refers to the "Yi" , "Book", "Poetry", "Li", "Yue", "Spring and Autumn" and "Six Classics" ), not a single stroke has been left out. Everyone knows that he is powerful and powerful, but they don 't know that he has six meanings in it." Dong Qichang of the Ming Dynasty said: "Mr. Gai Dongpo wrote "Begonia Poetry" many times, no less than ten volumes, Boji wanted to I attached poems by famous sages to pass down their books, so I should give it my best effort."
  This volume was written by Xian Yushu using a very elastic hard brush, mainly running script, and also using cursive script. His writing style mostly adopts the Tang style. As Yuan Chu from the Yuan Dynasty said: "He is good at turning back the wrist, so his writing is round and vigorous. It may be said that he mostly uses the Tang style." Ruan Yuan, a Qing Dynasty man, also said that Xian Yushu's "handwriting is lively and powerful, which is more vivid and powerful than Sun Guo's." Between Ting and Li Beihai (Yong)." A closer look at this volume shows that there are many similarities with Yan's "Manuscript of Memorials to Nephews", "Tie of Liu Zhong Envoy" and "Tie of Struggle for Seats ". The writing style is wild and full of excitement. There are about 200 words in the whole article, "I will pay it with all my strength" and "I will not leave a single word behind". Judging from the strength of the brushwork, the sharp edge is concentrated and the ink is concentrated, and the round force is powerful. The rise and fall, pause, and twist of each stroke are all calm and unhurried, but yet ever-changing. For example, when you gather ink to form "dots", there are regular dots, side dots, overhang dots, continuous dots, etc. They may be large or small, light or heavy, and the structure is appropriate and seamless. All kinds of "elements" of horizontal , vertical, oblique and oblique character construction can be used to the best of their ability, such as "miasma", "jian", "hua" and "chang". Although there are many horizontal strokes, "yan" "Don't fly together" takes shape according to the situation; the vertical paintings in the characters "miasma", "grass", "hua", "halo" and "中" are mostly in the shape of "hanging needle", with strong and straight strokes... ...The structure is slightly upward-right, broad and grand, and vertically convergent; the middle part of the cursive script is weedy, regular and varied, adding to the lively and lively interest. The composition of this scroll is almost evenly spaced from top to bottom, evenly spaced, neither irritating nor harsh, and natural and smooth. The characters are related by "pulling threads", and the internal gestures of the strokes make the upper and lower parts respond freely, and the left and right sides give way to each other. Looking at the whole volume, as Mr. Liu Xingeng said: "The knots are rigorous and unbridled, the dots and lines are crisp and three-dimensional, and the movements are majestic and out of order. He demonstrated his pursuit of the formal beauty of calligraphy with his profound skills. and creativity, thus also expressing one's own temperament and personality."
  Although his peers praised Xian Yushu as "every pen has ancient methods and is a treasure" (Zhao Mengfu said), he adhered to Tang methods and rejected Song people. Pan Zhicong's "Calligraphy Li Gou" of the Ming Dynasty criticized: "Yuan people since In addition to Zhao Wuxing (Meng Fu), Xianyu Boji's voice and price are almost the same as his. They are extremely round and healthy but can't get rid of the vulgarity." Ming Dynasty scholar Fang Xunzhi also pointed out that his "posture is full of majesty but lacks rhyme". The reason why the calligraphy world of the Yuan Dynasty, which mainly focused on "returning" to tradition, was relatively "lonely" in the history of calligraphy was because it had many inheritances and few innovations. Xian Yushu was not immune to "vulgarity", which was the main reason why his calligraphy was criticized by later generations.
  Xian Yushu's calligraphy skills were "extremely profound, and few people knew about them at that time" (original words from Deng Wen, a native of the Yuan Dynasty). In his later years, he closed his doors to thank guests, paid no attention to worldly affairs, and took great pleasure in tuning the piano and composing calligraphy. In 1989, the tomb of Xian Yushu was discovered in Hangzhou. The funerary objects included seals, inkstones, pen end ornaments and other things that Xian Yu played with during his lifetime.

Jiangcheng is surrounded by miasma and vegetation, and only famous flowers are bitter and lonely.
Between the beautiful smile and the bamboo fence, the mountains of peaches and plums are always vulgar.
I also know that creation has deep meaning, so I send a beautiful woman to the empty valley.
Wealth and honor naturally come from heaven, and there is no need to wait for a golden plate to recommend a gorgeous house.
The red lips are dizzy with wine and the face is red, the green sleeves are rolled with gauze and the red flesh is reflected.
The forest is deep and foggy, the dawn is late, the sun is warm, the wind is gentle, and I have enough sleep in spring.
There are tears in the rain and sadness, and no one is more beautiful under the moon.
The husband has nothing to do when he is full, and he takes a leisurely walk to check his belly.
Ignoring other people's houses and monks' houses, I knock on the door with my stick and look at the bamboos.
Suddenly, when the beautiful light fades away, I sigh, speechless and wipe my sick eyes.
Where can I get this flower in a poor country? It is a good thing to move it to Western Shu.
It's hard to reach even an inch of root thousands of miles away, but the swans fly to catch the swans.
Anyone who wanders around the world can think of it, and sing this song just to drink.
Tomorrow I will wake up and come alone, and the snow will fall one after another.