Wen Zhengming (1470-1559) was originally named Bi (also known as Bi). Zhengming was his character, and later changed to Zhengzhong. His ancestry was in Hengshan, he was called a resident of Hengshan, known as Wen Hengshan, and his Zhai name was Tingyunguan. A native of Changzhou (now Suzhou), an official to Hanlin waited for the edict, private posthumous posthumous Mr. Zhenxian. Wen Zhengming's early access to fame and official career was not smooth. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, all those who passed the examinations at all levels and were admitted to the prefecture, prefecture, and county were generally called "students", or so-called "talents." Wen Zhengming did not pass the exam until he was fifty-three years old in the first year of Jiajing (1522 AD) when he was in the exam. At the age of fifty-four, he was recommended to the imperial court by Li Chongsi, an official from the Ministry of Industry. After being assessed by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, he was awarded a post in the low-paid imperial court. At this time, his calligraphy and calligraphy were already well-known, and many people asked for it. As a result, he was jealous and squeezed out by his colleagues in the Imperial Academy. Wen Zhengming was embarrassed and unhappy. Since his second year in Beijing, he has written a letter and asked to resign and go home. After three resignation reports in the middle of the year, he was approved. At the age of 57, he resigned and returned to Beijing, set sail to the south, and settled in Suzhou. Since then, he has devoted himself to poetry, writing and painting. In his later years, he had an outstanding reputation, and he was known as "Writing all over the world". The calligraphy and painting buyers who bought him stepped through the threshold and said that he "has admiration of the sea and the mountains and mountains."
In his early years, he was not allowed to participate in the rural examination because of his poor writing skills, so he worked hard and finally became an all-rounder in poetry, literature, calligraphy and painting. In terms of painting, he became one of the founders of the "Wu School" and the "Wu School of Painting" with his disciples; together with Shen Zhou, Tang Yin, and Qiu Ying, he was named the "Four Masters of Ming Dynasty"; together with Tang Bohu, Zhu Zhishan, and Xu Zhenqing, he was named the "Four Talents in Jiangnan" "(Also called the Four Talents of Wu Clan). Each type of calligraphy is exquisite, especially the running script and regular script, which are famous at home and abroad at that time. Wen Zhengming was 90 years old. He is very respected and has many students. He is the longest-lived among the "Four Talents of Wu Clan". When he was nearly ninety years old, he worked tirelessly to write epitaphs. Before he finished writing, he "sit down and died".
Wen Zhengming's painting and calligraphy skills are extremely comprehensive, and his poems, essays and paintings are all exquisite. He is known as an all-rounder of the "four uniques". Although he learned from Shen Zhou, he still has his own style. He specializes in many skills, can be green, ink and wash, fine brushwork, and freehand. Landscapes, figures, flowers, orchids and bamboo are all working.
Wenzheng Ming Xuezi started from Su (Shi). Later, Wen Zhengming learned from Li Yingzhen, and Ouyang Xun from Li Yingzhen's book sect, he was peaceful and graceful, and Qingrun Duanfang, although not a master of calligraphy, he was a calligraphy educator. He is Wen Zhengming's father-in-law and Wen Zhengming's enlightenment teacher. In addition to imparting all his learning experience to Wen Zhengming, he also encouraged him to break through tradition and create a new personality. When Wen Zhengming was 22 years old, Li Yingzhen read his Su-style script and said to Wen Zhengming: "Where does the time go with people's feet? It makes Wang Xizhi a master of learning, just the ears of others!" These words affected Wen Zheng. Mingyi.
Wen Zhengming is well-known in the history of calligraphy for being good at all kinds of styles, especially good at running script and lower case. Wang Shizhen commented in "Yiyuanyan (艺苑言)": "Tai Zhao (Wen Zhengming) is named domestically in lower case letters. It is not easy to be a man, but it is also a self-professional product. The four bodies of the book "Thousand Writings (千文)", the classics are exquisitely crafted, and the writing of "Huang Ting (黄庭)" and "Land Teachings (遗教)", the body is so smooth, it can be called the jade version of "Sacred Religion (圣教)" , Li Yimiao got the samādhi of "Shou Chan (受禅)", the seal script is full of sun and ice gate style, while the regular script has a small method, which can be treasured." Wen Zhengming's calligraphy is gentle and vigorous, steady and mature, and the rules are precise and lively. Although not vigorous, it has the style of Jin and Tang calligraphy. His style of writing is less irritating, and in his full-blown writing, he often reveals a gentle and elegant atmosphere. Perhaps the bumpy career career has eroded his heroic spirit, but his late blooming has made his style more stable.
Wen Zhengming's lowercase letters are particularly fine and neat, mainly derived from Zhong Yao, Wang Xizhi, Wang Xianzhi, Yu Shinan, Chu Suiliang, and Ouyang Xun. They are rigorous, rigorous, sturdy in writing, dignified in posture, and have a delicate and handsome style. They were written in lowercase letters after their eighties in his later years, especially See Kung Fu. He has a lot of handed down inks, such as "Front and Back Chibi Fu (前后赤壁赋)", "Gu Chun Qiantu Axis (顾春潜图轴)", "Li Sao Jing Nine Songs (离骚经九歌册)"; running scripts include the early "South Window Notes (南窗记)", the mid-term "Five Poems (诗稿五种)", and the late "Five Poems (诗稿五种)". Xiyuan Poetry (西苑诗). All of his works are neat and tidy, even when he is almost ninety years old, which is extremely rare among Chinese calligraphers.
Wen Zhengming is the leader of the "Wu School of Painting" and has a great influence on the writing style of Wu School. His sons Wen Peng and Wen Jia are also very accomplished in calligraphy. His Chinese Peng is also a master of seal carving in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.