Mrs. Wei, named Shuo, styled Maoyi (272-349 A.D.), was born in Anyi, Hedong (now north of Xia County, Shanxi), the wife of Li Ju, the prefect of Ruyin, and a famous female calligrapher in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Wei Guan, the patriarch of the family, was an official to Sikong in the Western Jin Dynasty, and recorded the affairs of the minister. He and Suo Jing were both good at cursive script, and they were called "Taiyi Ermiao". The Wei family has worked on calligraphy for generations. Wei Shuo learned from Zhong Yao and passed on his method. He is famous for setting the order of strokes in regular script. Wang Xizhi learned calligraphy from him when he was young, and Mrs. Wei was the first teacher of the "Sage of Calligraphy".
Mrs. Wei's "Recent Post"
The eight lines of regular script handed down by Mrs. Wei in "Chunhua Ge Tie" and the book "Bi Zhen Tu" are probably done by those who do good things. There are "Ming Ji Tie" and "Wei Shi He Nan Tie" handed down from generation to generation. She once wrote poems on cursive official script, and was ordered to write "Jijiuzhang" for the imperial court. The shape of its characters has changed from Zhong Yao's flat square to rectangular, and the few lines are delicate and peaceful, elegant and graceful, and they are far away from Li, which shows that regular script was mature and common at that time.
Mrs. Wei's Xiaokai "Ancient Name Ji Tie"
"Ming Ji Tie", Mrs. Wei's small regular script inscription, its style of writing is simple and solemn, and its posture is natural. It is the top grade of regular script, and it is known as Zanhua Xiaokai by later generations. Mrs. Wei not only has made outstanding achievements in the practice of calligraphy art, but also has made major achievements and relatively comprehensive and in-depth expositions in the theory of calligraphy art. She wrote a volume of "Bi Zhen Tu", which comprehensively and in-depth referenced the relevant calligraphy theories, and put forward her own views. In the book, she first pointed out that the magic of calligraphy "does not come first with the brush".
Hairpin lower case
Mrs. Wei advocated that learning calligraphy should be traced back to its origin, learning from the ancients, and opposed to knowing the truth, learning should not be done, so that it would be a waste of energy and learning without success. Song Chensi's "Little History of Books" quoted Tang Dynasty book reviews, saying that her calligraphy is "like a flower-arranging dancer, low-key and beautiful; like a beautiful woman on the stage, a fairy's shadow, a red lotus reflecting the water, and a green marsh floating clouds", which should not be a word of praise. In this way, her calligraphy has been beautiful for more than 1600 years, and the world will never forget it.
Mrs. Wei "Pen Array"
Mrs. Wei also gave an incisive discussion on the use of pens when writing different fonts. She believes that there are six ways to use pens, such as seal script is "flying and falling", Zhangcao is "dangerous and fearful", eight-point script is "elegant and graceful", and Feibai script is "gentle and special". , Each resembles its shape", then "this is super wonderful, and the calligraphy is complete."