Introduction to "San Xi Bao Tie":
The so-called "Three Xibao Tie" are Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snow and Shi Qing Tie", Wang Xianzhi's "Mid-Autumn Tie", and Wang Xun's "Boyuan Tie".
Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty loved calligraphy, so he specially set up a small warm pavilion of less than ten square meters next to his bedroom to collect three name stickers representing the highest level of Chinese calligraphy art for him to view at any time. Later, this pavilion was used by Qianlong The emperor personally named it "Sanxi Pavilion", and the "Kuaixue Shiqing Tie", "Mid-Autumn Tie" and "Boyuan Tie" hidden in this pavilion were collectively called "Sanxi Tie" by later generations. After the Revolution of 1911, the Qing Dynasty fell. Among the "Three Xi Tie", except Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snow and Sunny Tie" which is still collected in the Palace Museum, Wang Xun's "Bo Yuan Tie" and Wang Xianzhi's "Mid-Autumn Tie" leaked out of the palace. No one knows where to go.On November 5, 1951, among the "Three Xi Tie", Wang Xianzhi's "Mid-Autumn Tie" and Wang Xun's "Boyuan Tie" were purchased from Hong Kong for 350,000 Hong Kong dollars under the personal instruction of Premier Zhou Enlai after several years of circulation. , returned to the Palace Museum in Beijing.
Many people believe that "Kuaixueshiqingtie" is another masterpiece of running script second only to "Lanting Preface" written by Wang Xizhi, which is "the best running script in the world". Zhao Mengfu, Liu Geng, Hudu Taer, Liu Chengxi, Wang Zhideng, Wen Zhenheng, Wu Ting, Liang Shizheng and others all expressed surprise and admiration in their postscripts. Qianlong loved calligraphy all his life. He deliberately searched for famous calligraphy works of the past dynasties, compiled them from hundreds of calligraphy masters, and pursued the essence of two kings. He cherished "Quick Snow and Clear Tie" very much. In front of the post, he wrote eight small characters "unparalleled in the world, unique in ancient and modern times" and four big characters "amazing skills". He also said: "The dragon leaps over the Tianmen, and the tiger lies in the Phoenix Pavilion." There are twenty-eight characters in the book, and each word is a pearl. It is known as the "Twenty-Eight Li Pearls". He hid this calligraphy together with the three Jin people's calligraphy of Wang Xun's "Boyuan Calligraphy" and Wang Xianzhi's "Mid-Autumn Calligraphy" in the Yangxin Hall. In the Xinuan Pavilion, there is a plaque "Sanxi Hall" written by Emperor Qianlong, which is regarded as a rare treasure. Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snow Shi Qing Tie" was regarded by Emperor Qianlong as the first of the "Three Xi". In the 12th year of Qianlong's reign, he selected 134 authentic calligraphers from the Wei, Jin, Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties collected in the imperial palace, including San Xi, and copied them on stone. , named "Sanxitang Dharma Tie". The "Yue Gu Building" was built in Beihai in Xiyuan, and the above-mentioned carved stones were embedded in the walls of the building. The rubbings were circulated to show the model of Linchi. The original copy of Sanxi is still hidden in the Sanxi Hall of Yangxin Hall.
According to the many inscriptions, collection seals and related book records on the attached pages of this post, "Kuaixue Shiqing Tie" was once in the imperial palace of Xuanhe in the Song Dynasty, in Mifu's "Baojinzhai" in the Song Dynasty, and in the imperial palace in the Yuan Dynasty. There is an inscription and postscript by Zhao Mengfu on it. It was owned by Zhu Chengguo and Wang Zhideng in the Ming Dynasty, and by Feng Quan and Feng Yuanji in the Qing Dynasty. On August 18, the 16th year of Kangxi's reign in the Qing Dynasty (AD 1677), Feng Yuanji presented it to Emperor Kangxi and entered the inner palace. In 1949, the Kuomintang troops were defeated in the civil war. When they retreated to Taiwan, they took with them not only a large amount of gold, but also 2,972 boxes of exquisite cultural relics that had been moved south. This part is a masterpiece among the cultural relics of the Palace Museum, such as exquisite handicrafts, jade cabbage, jade incense burner, jade lotus leaf-shaped brush wash, etc., including Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snow and Clear Tie". Nowadays, "Three Hopes", "Boyuan Tie" and "Mid-Autumn Tie" are now in the National Palace Museum in Beijing. Only "One Hope", "Quick Snow and Clear Tie" is collected in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. The "Three Greeks" have not yet gathered together, which is a deep regret for the Chinese people.
"Mid-Autumn Tie" is said to be written by Wang Xianzhi, and the word "Treasure" on the post was inscribed by Emperor Qianlong himself. However, according to expert appraisal, "Mid-Autumn Tie" and "Kuaixueshiqing Tie" were copied by later generations, and only Wang Xun's "Boyuan Tie" is authentic.
1. A post about snow and sunshine soon
【Name】Quick Snow and Clear Post
[Original size] 23cm in height; 14.8cm in width
[Finished product size] 23cm in length; 14.8cm in width
[Current Situation of Cultural Relics] Collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei
Wang Xizhi's "Quick Snow and Sunny Post"
"Quick Snow and Clear Tie" is a calligraphy work by Wang Xizhi, a calligrapher of the Jin Dynasty. It is written in running script. It is suspected that the existing calligraphy is a Tang Dynasty copy, and it has not yet been determined. The length of the sticker is 23cm; the width is 14.8cm, with four lines of running script and twenty-eight characters. "Tie to Clear Snow and Clear Snow" is a letter in which the author writes about his happy mood and greetings to his relatives when the snow clears at the beginning.
original:Xi Zhi paused. Soon it will snow and then it will clear, I wish you peace and good. No result is the result. Not strong enough. Wang Xizhi paused. Shanyin Zhanghou.
Original meaning:Wang Xizhi paid his respects: It snowed for a while just now, and now it’s sunny again. I guess everything is fine there! That incident didn't help, and I still feel confused. Many things in the world are so helpless. Wang Xizhi paid homage to him, and Marquis Zhang of Shanyin consecrated him personally.
When watching the CCTV documentary "Taipei National Palace Museum", Shiqing's post explaining Kuai Xue was as follows: Hello Mr. Zhang from Shan'in, it snowed just now, and now it's sunny again. I guess everything is fine where you are! I couldn't go to the last party and I felt very depressed. The person who delivered the letter to your family said that he could not stay here longer and had to go back quickly, so I will write these first. Yours sincerely, Wang Xizhi.
After the heavy snowfall, the weather turned sunny, and Wang Xizhi used this short note to express his greetings to his friends. The last line "Sanyin Zhanghou" may be the name of the recipient. It was originally written on the cover of the letter, but is copied here together with the original on the same piece of paper.
This piece of calligraphy is mainly composed of round pens that hide the edge. When starting and closing the pen, the strokes, hooks, and waves are not exposed. The brushwork is mostly circular from horizontal to vertical. The structure is even and stable, showing calmness and calmness. The Ming Dynasty connoisseur Zhan Jingfeng described its characteristics as "round, vigorous, elegant, leisurely and leisurely, and unfathomable in taste", and believed that Zhao Mengfu was influenced by this calligraphy. However, Wang Xizhi was restrained and submissive, while Zhao Mengfu showed a slight edge. Comparing the inscriptions and postscripts of Zhao Mengfu, we can get this impression.
根据此帖附页的诸多题跋款识、收藏印章以及有关书籍录载,《快雪时晴帖》曾经宋宣和内府，宋时入米芾“宝晋斋”，元代又入御府，上有赵孟頫题跋。明时为朱成国、王稚登，清冯铨、冯源济父子所有，于清康熙十六年（公元1677年）八月十八日 壬戌，冯源济进献康熙皇帝，入内府。1949年，国民党军队在内战中败北，退踞台湾时除带走了大量黄金以外，还有2972箱南迁文物中的精品。这部分却是故宫博物院文物中的精品，如精美绝伦的工艺品，翠玉白菜、玉香炉、玉荷叶形笔洗等，其中包括王羲之的《快雪时晴帖》。 如今“三希”《伯远帖》、《中秋帖》现存北京故宫博物院，唯独“一希”《快雪时晴帖》珍藏于台北故宫博物院。“三希”尚未聚首，国人深引为憾。
王羲之（303－361），山东临沂人，后徙居浙江会稽。字逸少，世称王右军，有“书圣”之誉。他出身仕宦名门，西晋末随父南渡，作过右军将军、会稽内史，东晋永和年间（345－356）去职，与东土名士尽山水之游。他热衷诗歌、音乐与书法。性好鹅，曾以书作换鹅。相传有绍兴蕺山老姥持竹扇卖二十钱，羲之书其扇各五字，增值为百钱，人们竞相购买。 王羲之书法初学卫夫人，后来改变初学，博采众长，草书师张芝（约卒於192），楷书学钟繇（151－230），又遍习蔡邕（133－192）、梁鹄（活动於二世纪后半）、张昶（卒於206）等书，精研体势，增损古法，一变汉、魏质朴书风，创妍美流变之体，所以唐人称赞他：“兼撮众法，备成一家，为万世宗师。 ”
"Mid-Autumn Tie" should be Wang Xianzhi's cursive "one-stroke calligraphy" created in cursive script. It is known as the ancestor of "one-stroke calligraphy" and played a leading role in the emergence of cursive calligraphy in the Tang Dynasty.
Wang Xianzhi (344-386), courtesy name Zijing, Han nationality, was a calligrapher and poet from Linyi, Langya, Eastern Jin Dynasty. His ancestral home was Linyi, Shandong. He was born in Kuaiji (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang) and was the seventh son of Wang Xizhi. Wang Xianzhi learned calligraphy from his father Xizhi when he was young, and also studied calligraphy from Zhang Zhi. He is excellent in all styles of calligraphy, and is especially famous for his running cursive. He dares to innovate and is not limited by his father. He has made outstanding contributions to Jinkai and Jincao since the Wei and Jin Dynasties. He is known as the "Little Sage" in the history of calligraphy, equal to his father. Known as the "Two Kings". He once held official positions such as Prefectural Registrar, Secretary Lang, Secretary Cheng, Chang Shi, and Wuxing Prefect. After becoming Emperor Jianwen's consort, he was promoted to Zhongshu Ling (equivalent to prime minister). But his political achievements were average and far less prominent than the title of his book. The old friend called him "Da Ling".
3. Boyuan tie
[Form] Paper, running script, hand scroll
[Original size] 25.1 cm vertical, 17.4 cm horizontal
[Finished product size] 30 cm in length, 48.5 cm in width (painted core)
30 cm long, 442.2 cm wide (hand-rolled)
[Current Situation of Cultural Relics] Collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing
Wang Xun's "Bo Yuan Tie"
Original text: Xun Dun first bows his head, Boyuan wins the karma and love period, and is the treasure of the group. Since I am suffering from illness, I am determined to travel well. When I first got this idea, I couldn't help it. We are as different as yesterday, and they will remain ancient forever. Far away from each other, we can't see each other
"Bo Yuan Tie" is a letter written by King Xun of Jin Dynasty. The general idea is: Boyuan is a person of the same clan, and everyone has high hopes for him. He was in poor health, but had always wanted to travel far away. I just got the opportunity to travel, but unfortunately I didn't complete it. I was far away in the mountains and couldn't see him.
"Bo Yuan Tie" is an authentic work handed down by Wang Xun, a calligrapher of the Jin Dynasty. It is on paper, with a total of 5 lines and 47 characters. It is 25.1 cm long and 17.2 cm wide.It has always been regarded as a treasure by calligraphers, connoisseurs and collectors of later generations. "Bo Yuan Tie" is a letter from the king to his relatives and friends. It is known as one of the tenth best running script in the world, ranking fourth. Its strokes are steep, powerful, beautiful, natural and smooth, making it one of the best among ancient Chinese calligraphy works. It is listed as the third of the "Three Hopes". Its strokes are thinner and stronger, and the structure is more open. Especially the characters with few strokes are particularly comfortable and elegant. It is really a bit like "like the rising sun, like the breeze, like clouds, like clouds, like smoke, like the winding cave in the forest." "The charm of Jin people.
Wang Xun, also known as Yuan Lin, was the grandson of Wang Dao and the son of Wang Qia. He was born in the fifth year of Yonghe reign of Emperor Mu of Jin Dynasty (349 years) and died in the fourth year of Longan reign of Emperor An Dynasty (400 years). Emperor Xiaowu's Sima Yao, who was well versed in classics, Wang Xun and Yin Zhongkan, Xu Miao, Wang Gong, Xi Hui, etc., were all known to Emperor Xiaowu for their talents and scholarly articles. In the first year of Long'an of Emperor An (397), Zhan Shi was moved to Shangshu Ling, and he was appointed as a regular attendant. He died of illness at the age of fifty-two, and was given the posthumous title of Xianmu.