"Sun Guoting Booklet"
Song Kezhangcao's "Sun Guoting Shupu Album" was presented to his friend Yu Mengjing, and the date of writing has not been signed, but looking at this volume of works, it melts Kai, Xing, and Zhangcao in one furnace, and the writing is fresh and vigorous. , The words are sparse and scattered, and the whole article is composed of more than a thousand characters in one go, without any slack in writing.
At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang rose up among the heroes, expelled Meng Yuan, established Nanjing as his capital, and founded the Ming Dynasty since the first year of Hongwu (1368). Calligraphy in the early Ming Dynasty basically followed Zhao Mengwan Nairan's calligraphy. Calligraphers represented by the Three Songs (Song Fan, Song Ke, Song Guang) and Er Shen (Shen Du, Shen Can) except Song Ke's Zhang Caoshang In addition to certain characteristics, other calligraphers were relatively weak in creativity. Although several calligraphers were very famous at the time, especially during the Yongle Xuande period, brothers Shen Du and Shen Can were favored by Emperor Chengzu. At that time, they were famous, and the important documents of the imperial court were written by these two people, so they competed to imitate each other, and their individuality was completely lost. In the middle of Ming Dynasty, with the rise of calligraphers in Wuzhong, the style of calligraphy changed.
Song Ke (1327-1387), courtesy name Zhongwen, also known as Kewen, nicknamed Nanguansheng, was born in Changzhou (Wu County), Jiangsu. Song Ke was born in a very wealthy family. He has read a lot of books since he was a child. Because of his bold personality, burly body, and heroic deeds, he kept a lot of followers in his family. At that time, intending to make meritorious deeds, he went northward to the Central Plains, raised the flag of righteousness and raised an uprising, but unexpectedly the middle road was blocked, so he traveled back to Jinling, Jinhua and Kuaiji mountains in Zhejiang Province, searched for strange things, and returned home because of his integrity. Being well-known in the village, Zhang Shicheng repeatedly wanted to recruit him as an acolyte, but he refused to go. He stayed behind closed doors and opened a room in which he kept the famous Buddhist scriptures of the past dynasties and the Zhou and Qin Ding tripods. In his later years (Hong Wuchu), he served as the magistrate of Fengxiang County, Shaanxi Province, and soon resigned and returned to his hometown. During his seclusion, he made friends with Yang Weizhen, Ni Zan and others, and sang with poetry and prose, especially Yang Weizhen liked Song Ke's songs very much. Calligraphy, if there are new poems, Zhong Wen is often invited to write them. Song Ke learned calligraphy from ancient times, traced back to Caoli from the Wei and Jin Dynasties, especially studied Huang Xiang's "Ji Jiu Zhang", and it is said that Song Ke once studied under the famous calligrapher of the Yuan Dynasty Rao Jie, who knows how to use the brush, and he is very hardworking in the book, according to "Ming History·Wenyuan Biography" said: "Ke Dumen dyed Han, spent ten papers a day, so he is famous all over the world for his good books." The real book comes from Zhong Yao, running cursive and the posthumous meaning of "Ji Jiu Cao" by Er Wang and Huang Xiang, is fresh and elegant. The most commendable thing is that he integrated Zhang Cao into his cursive, which is unique. Wu Kuan commented on his book: " The book was published in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, and has won the method of Zhong Wang, so the pen is exquisite and ink, and it is elegant and lovely." His works handed down from generation to generation include: "Li Bai's Difficult Journey", "Seven Ji Zhi", "Du Zi's Beautiful Poems", "Dingwu Lanting Postscript ", "Liu Zhengong Yan Poems", "Ancient Poems of Shapes and Shadows", "Ji Ji Cao", etc. The "Song Ke Shu Sun Ting Shu Pu" contained in this volume was given to his friend Yu Mengjing. Looking at the works in this volume, Kai, Xing, and Zhang Cao are melted together in one furnace. The writing power is fresh, strong and ancient, and the knots are sparse and scattered. Seeing the skill in the middle, the brushstrokes are like the elements, which is amazing. It is now photocopied and published for the majority of calligraphy lovers. (one scoop)