"Pingfu Tie", Jin Dynasty, Lu Jishu, paper, hand scroll, 23.8cm in length and 20.5cm in width.
The cursive official script has 9 lines and 84 characters (82 characters in one script), and is stored in the Palace Museum.
"Yanxian was ill, and I fear it will be difficult to heal. It is often a new illness, and the worry is more than that. This is a celebration. The only man who has been envoy is fortunate to be worried about the loss. Wu Ziyang came to the Lord at the beginning, and I can't do it. Lin Returning from the west, the majesty and demeanor are detailed. Actions become contemplative, and the beauty of the body is also. Before thinking and thinking, the momentum is constant, and it should be called. When Xia Borong was in chaos, I heard nothing about it."
"Ping Fu Tie" involves three characters, He Xun, named Yanxian, is a friend of Lu Ji, who is sick and difficult to recover. Lu Ji said that he was able to maintain the status quo, which is already a celebration, and he has a son to serve him, so he can be carefree. Wu Ziyang had been to the Lu family before, but he was not taken seriously. Now I will go west and meet again when I come back. His majestic behavior has a different kind of majestic beauty than before. Finally, when it came to Xia Borong, he was blocked by the bandits and there was no news.
"Ping Fu Tie" was written more than 1,700 years ago, and it is the earliest and authentic Western Jin Dynasty famous post. It is written on hemp paper with a bald pen, the brushwork is gentle, the style is plain and simple, and its font is cursive official script. "Ping Fu Tie" occupies an important position in the history of Chinese calligraphy, and at the same time has reference value for the study of characters and changes in calligraphy.
According to the inscriptions and postscripts of Dong Qichang, Pu Wei, Fu Zengxiang, and Zhao Chunnian on the end paper, we can know the situation of "Ping Fu Tie" passing through the past dynasties. This post entered the Xuanhe Neifu in the Song Dynasty, and it belonged to Han Shineng, Han Fengxi and his son during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, and then to Zhang Chou. In the early Qing Dynasty, it was handed over to the Qianlong Inner Palace through the hands of Ge Junchang, Wang Ji, Feng Quan, Liang Qingbiao, An Qi, etc., and then bestowed on the emperor's eleventh son, Prince Yongxuan. During the Guangxu period, it was owned by Prince Gong Yixin, and was inherited by his grandson Puwei and Puru. In order to raise the funeral expenses, Puru put this post up for sale. After Fu Zengxiang's mediation, Zhang Boju finally bought it with huge sums of money. Zhang and his wife donated Ping Fu Tie to the country in 1956.
Lu Ji - Profile:
Lu Ji (261-303), courtesy name Shiheng, was born in Huating, Wu County (now Songjiang District, Shanghai). Grandfather Lu Xun and father Lu Kang are both famous generals of Soochow Wu. After the death of Wu, he entered the Jin Dynasty, and became an official in the internal history of Pingyuan and a former general. Later, he was killed by Sima Ying. "There are few talents, and the writing is the best in the world", is the author of the famous "Wen Fu". His calligraphy has a certain status in the calligraphy world, and Wang Sengqian, Yu Jianwu and others have all recorded it. "Ping Fu Tie" is the earliest surviving handed down ink. The content is a letter written to a friend, which is the earliest one among literati handed down from ancient times. It has the words "I'm afraid it will be difficult to recover" for the sick body, hence the name. The characters are Zhangcao, but without Tiaobo, which is similar to Wei Guan's "Dunshouzhou Mintie" collected in "Chunhua Pavilion". It was probably a practical style of writing that was popular at that time.
Wang Sengqian once said that Lu Ji's writing was "written by Wu Shi, and it is impossible to correct how many of them". Li Sizhen said: "Lu Pingyuan and Mrs. Li still have the ancient style." Probably at that time, the calligraphy of Wu State was relatively old-fashioned and had a bit of local style, which was quite special in the calligraphy at that time. Looking at the words of this post is indeed a bit strange and difficult to read, it is not an accidental phenomenon. This book is written with a bald pen. The brushwork is simple and old-fashioned. It is prominent in inkblots from the same period as it is now seen and from before. Therefore, Mr. Qigong, a modern man, once wrote a poem: "After ten years of schooling quicksand slips, "Pingfu" has not been gradually signed by Mo Huang."
"Ping Fu Tie" has a total of 9 lines and 84 characters, which is a typical calligraphy in the evolution of cursive script. It shows a strong official script style, but it is not as clear as official script, and the font is between Zhangcao and Jincao. Looking closely at this post, the style of calligraphy is ancient and clumsy, vigorous and simple. Although the characters are not connected, they are eloquent and pleasing to the eye. "Ping Fu Tie" is a bit ancient and difficult to understand from the words to the cursive style. The brush uses bald brush and dry ink, which is like the taste of "long live withered vines" pursued by some calligraphers and painters. It is quite different from sweet and vulgar all the way.
"Ping Fu Tie" is a paper version with a length of 23.8 cm and a width of 20.5 cm. Looking at this post at first glance, most of the calligraphy starts with round and round strokes, and the vertical and horizontal strokes often come out obliquely. The strokes can be turned freely, with the wave-like brushwork of official script; the lines are short and plump, and the strokes are concise and simple. The characters are not continuous like today's cursive, but they are not completely independent. This work combines the characteristics of Zhangcao and Jincao. The structure is natural and relaxed, and it has a simple, strong, quaint and natural style. It is probably the regional calligraphy style of the Wu State at that time. It has a special position in the history of Chinese character development. These All fully embody the author's profound calligraphy art accomplishment.