Wang Xizhi's Preface to "The Twelve Chapters of Brush Gestures"

Tell Ru Zijing: I have found that your calligraphy is extraordinary, and you have not yet followed the rules. The father does not teach himself, since ancient times. Today, I will describe one chapter after another of "Bi Shi Lun", which will open up your enlightenment. There are still twelve chapters on the power of Fansi, and the chapters have pointers to return, set their models, and describe them in detail? It's absurd, but to sum it up, it's cheap to record it. Or there are many variants, but it is rare to get to the root; there are many places where the pen is turned, and it is impossible to know the source. It is difficult to establish a system with the traces of hanging needles hanging out; the momentum of rising waves and rising momentum is enough to be charming. Therefore, identifying its cause can cure the incurable disease. The present book "Le Yi Lun" and "Bi Shi Lun" should be kept in your possession, and should not be broadcast outside. Keep it a secret, and do not tell your friends. Poor study of seal script and seal script can be achieved easily with less effort, and the compilation of collections is refined and specialized, with clear form and potential. A scholar with intentions can see his merits in two months; a person without spirituality can know his roots in a hundred days. This theory of brushwork can be called a family treasure. If you learn it and keep it secret, it will be famous in the world. The pen has been written for a long time, and there are few strange ones. Only then can they succeed. When I was first formed, my classmate Zhang Boying wanted to see him, but I lied to him and lost it, because I was so secretive that I didn't pass it on.

Genesis Chapter 1

    The husband is low, and the author's knife? Yes, the ink is the soldier, the water researcher is the city, the skill is the general, the mind is the lieutenant, the structure is the strategist,? The author is also good or bad, and the entrant is also an order. The inflected person kills, the stippler is upright, the stippler cuts, the indulgent is happy, the author harmonizes, and the corner is frowned. At the beginning of the book, you can't make the most of the situation, the first time is correct, the second time is less of the shape, the third time is slightly similar to the original, the fourth time is more embellished, and the fifth time is also drawing. If it's jerky, don't take it easy, do two lines and three lines, but it must be slippery and strong when it comes to creation, and you can't count the number of times.

Enlightenment Chapter 2

    If you want to learn the method of calligraphy, you should first study the ink, concentrate your mind and think about it, and imagine the size of the characters, the vertical, straight, and vibration, so that the tendons and veins are connected, and the meaning is in front of the brush, and then write the characters. If it is straight and similar, shaped like an operator, with the top and bottom neat, and the front and back flush, this is not a book, but it has its stippling ears. In the past, Song Yi (a disciple of Zhong Yao). Taste it as a book, and Yao scolded him, so he didn't dare to see Yao for three years, that is, he devoted himself to changing his writings. Every time you make a wave, you often turn three times; every time you make a square, you often hide your front; , like a falling stone from a perilous peak; □□□□, bending like a steel hook; every pull, like a withered vine for a long time; To write. Like the meandering of a horned dragon, it is said to be wonderful; if it is like a phoenix wandering, it is said to be brave. Swinging is like thunder and lightning, this is the subtlety of flying in the sky, ups and downs in an instant, controlling the clang and inspiring the meaning. It can make the unconscious people gradually feel satisfied; the knowledgeable people are obviously cheerful.

Visual Chapter 3

    Looking at the image body, the transformation is still the same, looking at the face according to the situation, high and low are interesting. Divide the stippling evenly, the distance and the near must match; spread the cloth and study the essence, and reconcile the pen and ink. The sharp edges come and go, dense and dense, with iron points and silver hooks, square and round. Start to write, ponder and ponder, quote the trace, and pass it down forever. A wise man is prosperous and beneficial to the world, and his heart is deeply infiltrated; a fool does not wait for a good talk, like seeing a brocade in the dark dust. Those who are born to know are angry, those who learn and become enlightened forget to eat. This is the wonderful in the wonderful, the new in the renewal. In Jin Shu Jin Zi, skill comes first, safety and danger are all mentioned, and stability is the foundation. The distribution is white, the top and bottom are even, and the system is uniform, especially the size. Large characters promote the value of the small, and the small characters are wide and the value is large, so the natural width and narrowness can be obtained without losing the appropriateness. If it is horizontal, it will be upright, like a lone boat crossing a river; if it is vertical, it will be straight, like bamboo shoots in spring.

Let's talk about Chapter 4

    The points of the husband's writings are all lei lei, like a boulder in the middle of the road, or like a squatting owl, or like a knife, or like a melon petal, or like a chestnut, like an osprey's mouth, and sharp like a rat's droppings. Like this, each has its own rites, but if you get less, you will be enlightened.

Chapter 5

    The method of the husband's chopping and fighting is like falling on a high pole, like opening a pine leaning against a valley, it seems to be about to fall, and it is like a crossbow of a hundred jun's just stretching. It's hard to be poor if you want to deal with it. Letting it out is like a bow and arrow, closing it like a tiger fighting a dragon, straight like a strong pine near a valley, and curved like a hook for fishing. Ling? It was cut in Yunhan, and it fell on a cliff. The gates of heaven are soaring and the households of the earth are leaping, the four seas are quiet and the five mountains are sealed; the jade candles are bright but the sun and the moon are covered, the embroidery colors are chaotic and the brocade patterns are overturned.

Strong Chapter Six

    The husband uses the method of bending the foot, bending it like a horned bow, [bird], [yan], [wei], [crow] and the like. The way to establish a person is like a bird on the head of a pillar, [彳], [亻], and the like. The method of the wrist and foot is like the bending of the arms of a strong man, the examples of [Feng], [Fei], [Fan] and [Qi]. Urgently leading and pulling is like an electric switch in the cloud, the example of [day], [month], [eye], [cause] is also the case. Wrist and foot provocation, up and down? From the beginning to the end of the turning point, learn the order and rhyme, don't let the waist of the bee bee and the knee of the crane. Indulgence should save strength and follow the trend of the pen. The silhouette falls in the middle of the line, like a warrior stretching his hook, just facing the enemy, a unicorn fighting a horn, a tiger gathering its dragon's teeth, a fist with its tendons, a brave body and a strong body. The traction is deep and wonderful, the bright light is in the present, mobilize the spirit, raise the will, pick up the mind, and the secret cannot be passed on. Husband makes the right corner, quickly pulls down and slightly opens, and turns around on the left side, so as to make the right side, so as not to hurt the waist slowly. Look at the pen and take the momentum, straight down, the meaning is always there, and you are all awakened.

Enlightenment Chapter VII

    The method of painting in the center of any character should not be reversed. The right side should be thicker than the left side, the horizontal side should be thinner, and the vertical side should be thicker. The distribution is white, the distance should be even, and the up and down can be obtained, which is natural and stable. When it needs to be covered up, it should not be exposed alone or show the sharpness of its teeth. It should be observed and used when it is turned and turned.

Chapter Eight

    The method of using the brush in Fu Linwen has several styles, and they are all different. Or the one with the Tibetan front is bigger, and the Tibetan front rises from the abdomen. The profile is lacking, and it should not be thin and tight. Press the author to enter, and press it from the belly. It also says: if you pull it in the right way, you can join it if you press it. The conclusion of the author's briefing, and gradually meeting each other, must be the beginning. Participate in the wonderful theory, observe its path and interest. When the author loses the pen, the momentum of the pen depends on its length. Once the pen is lost, the right foot must be owed. The author of the breath is forced to chase, and the momentum of the rest is upward, and it will be tightened for a long time. The author will, frowned, that is, to suppress the corners; general, it is said that the inferiority is exhausted. Slow down to get what you want, not long or short. The author of Zhan He, Zhan, array; He, Ye Ye. Huan should not be long or short. Jue the author becomes a machine, and promote the pumping so as not to hurt the long. Jue, it is said that it is beautiful, depending on the situation to become an opportunity, it is the most wonderful thing to do it on the fly. Take the author as much as possible, but don't pay for credit. The belt is like turning around and walking in, dressing the body, the words are fresh and clean, and the gesture of writing is different. Do all his works and then draw them back. Turning the author first, flipping the gesture is urgent and fast, and it is not suitable to have a long waist and a short neck. It's bad time to stack the author, and it's not suitable to hang down slowly. Start the pen without lowering it, lift it in the abdomen, do not expose the pen, start and stop to take the momentum, and do not lose integrity. Hit the author breadth. To broaden and narrow, broad is called fast and healthy, and it is not appropriate to delay repairing.

Chapter Nine

    Husband's writing style is very difficult, Feng? The way of coming and going, the method of returning and returning repeatedly, depends on proficiency in searching and observing, and then writing. It is not appropriate to be late in making the word ノ, and it is not appropriate to be slow in writing the word ノ, while the tip of the toes should not be extended, the abdomen should not be rushed, and it should not be oblique or steep, so it should not be used as its edges and corners. The combination of the two characters should not be wide, heavy should not be long, single should not be small, and complex should not be large, dense is better than sparse, short is better than long.

Temperance Chapter Ten

    Husbands must follow the orthodox law when learning calligraphy and composing characters. The shape of the characters must not be wide at the top and narrow at the bottom; if so, the head is light and the tail is heavy, and it is not competent. It is not suitable to injure the dense, dense, it is like being riddled with infestation; if it is not stretched, it is not suitable to injure the sparse, and the sparse is like a drowning bird; the wounds in various places are slow. It is not suitable to hurt the growth, the growth will be like a dead snake hanging on the tree; the waist and branches will be weak. It is not suitable to hurt the short, as the short is like trampling a toad to death. It is broad. This is a big taboo, but be careful!

Observation Chapter Eleven

    The side of Linshu Antie is wonderful. Or there is a decoration of returning to Luan and returning to magpie, and the variant is in the line; or there is a Ge that is born into the valley, and put the dragon on the paper. When the pen is written, the smoke and clouds rise from the peak, like ten thousand swords forming each other; If the fingers are not strictly controlled, there is no way to express the soul. I do my best, forgetting to eat and sleep, and hang on for years.

Example Chapter Twelfth

    There are many ways to learn books. The beginner's book should be similar to the book, and the slow writing will determine the situation, and the rules will be lost if you are busy. If it is intended to be used urgently at present, it is difficult to make sense, but the shape and quality are fast and healthy, the wrist is light, and the size of the radius does not interfere with each other. Don't be busy with the brushwork because of the small and easy characters; don't be slow to develop your hair because of the difficult characters. If so, the muscles and bones are not equal, and life and death are mixed. If a point is lost, it is like a beautiful woman's disease; if a country loses integrity, it is like a strong man's arm being broken. Give me a copy of "Leyi Lun".

 We will mainly talk about it——Conscious Form Chapter

The method of using the brush in Fu Linwen has several styles, and they are all different. Or the one with the Tibetan front is bigger, and the Tibetan front rises from the abdomen. The profile is lacking, and it should not be thin and tight. Press the author to enter, and press it from the belly. It also says: if you pull it in the right way, you can join it if you press it. The conclusion of the author's briefing, and gradually meeting each other, must be the beginning. Participate in the wonderful theory, observe its path and interest. When the author loses the pen, the momentum of the pen depends on its length. Once the pen is lost, the right foot must be owed. The author of the breath is forced to chase, and the momentum of the rest is upward, and it will be tightened for a long time. The author will, frowned, that is, to suppress the corners; general, it is said that the inferiority is exhausted. Slow down to get what you want, not long or short. The author of Zhan He, Zhan, array; He, Ye Ye. Huan should not be long or short. Jue the author becomes a machine, and promote the pumping so as not to hurt the long. Jue, it is said that it is beautiful, depending on the situation to become an opportunity, it is the most wonderful thing to do it on the fly. Take the author as much as possible, but don't pay for credit. The belt is like turning around and walking in, dressing the body, the words are fresh and clean, and the gesture of writing is different. Do all his works and then draw them back. Turning the author first, flipping the gesture is urgent and fast, and it is not suitable to have a long waist and a short neck. It's bad time to stack the author, and it's not suitable to hang down slowly. Start the pen without lowering it, lift it in the abdomen, do not expose the pen, start and stop to take the momentum, and do not lose integrity. Hit the author breadth. To broaden and narrow, broad is called fast and healthy, and it is not appropriate to delay repairing.


Wang Xizhi talked about fourteen kinds of brushwork in his chapter on shape

(1) Zangfeng
The hidden front is big, and the hidden front rises from the abdomen:
Big, has the meaning of thick: or the movement of Zangfeng is big, starting from the middle of the stroke:
The backbone of Ru Nian:

(2) side pen.
The profile is lacking, and it should not be thin and tight.
The wing forward is weak, but the center forward can't be too thin.
The side front is used for the starting stroke, and the center is used for the running strokes: the vertical strokes are horizontal, and the horizontal strokes are vertical: the first eight strokes are all deleted fronts, and the center side must be used when turning the eight-line strokes.
(3) Betting on a pen
Press the author in, press it from the abdomen, and pull it with the cloud, and press it, that is to say.
The pen is the joint before writing the next stroke, and the pen is entered from the middle (probably) of the next stroke, that is, the pen is pressed: the joint and the first half of the next stroke. The front part of the horizontal is heavy on the platform; the word Xian is also horizontal in the front.

(4) Conclusion
The conclusion of the author's summary, the gradual phase must be the beginning, and it is necessary to understand the truth and observe its path.
Knot means ending. A pinch is an aggregation. Gather the unfolded brush back, and the tip of the brush is as sharp as it was before it was opened: like a bamboo character, with a horizontal stroke on the right.

(5) rest pen
Rest the author Hou lost. The posture of resting the pen depends on its length, if it is lost, the right foot must be owed.
Rest means power off. Once, there is a big meaning. It means that the stroke image in the lower right corner has a big missing when writing. How much is missing depends on the length of the stroke.
Regarding the rest pen, look at the explanation of the rest flow: in a strait, waterway, estuary or narrow harbor, when the ebb and flow alternates, there is a short-term near-stop flow
The state is called rest flow.
If water flow is compared to a running brush, resting the brush means stopping the stroke suddenly.
Why do you want this kind of brushwork? The author tries to analyze:
I quoted a sentence from the Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine earlier, the sky is not enough for the northwest, and the earth is not enough for the southeast.
The lower right corner of the character belongs to the northwest in the direction of the paper, so the rest pen is the rest of the sky, which is not enough for the meaning of the northwest: such a word. The dot of the character “令” is used as the last horizontal line of the character.

How to explain that the land is dissatisfied with the southeast? We often see that the upper left corner next to the word 口 in ancient copybooks is written as opening, and the upper left corner belongs to the southeast: this means
The land is dissatisfied with the meaning of the southeast.

It can be seen from this that it is Wang Xizhi who cannot embody the principles of heaven and earth in books.
(6) interest pen
The author of the breath is forced to chase, and the momentum of the rest is upward, and it will be tightened for a long time.
There is rest and stop in the breath: when the stroke ends, the stroke should be paused first, and then drawn up quickly: such as the last stroke from left to to.

(7) Frowning pen
The author will, frowned, that is, to tease the corners, it will be said to be inferior, to write slowly to get what you want, it is not suitable for long or short.
皮 means short, and it means to maintain: it refers to the shortness of writing the corners, don't try to write as much as possible, and slow down when writing the corners.

Wang Xizhi used the frowning brush for almost all his writing brushes.
(8) Battle pen
The author of Zhan is combined, Zhan, the formation is also, combined, and the leaf is also, and it is not appropriate to be long or short.
Zhanbi means trembling brushwork, such as a long snake array, coordinated with other strokes: write slowly, not too long or too short. For example, the left vertical of Qu and giant characters is vertical, and the right vertical of all characters.

(9) Stable pen
Jue the author or the machine, and promote the pumping to make the injury grow in a hurry. Jue, it is said that it is beautiful: depending on the situation to become an opportunity, it is the most wonderful thing to make it on the fly.
Stable pens have the meaning of reverse strokes, and the pens are drawn upwards quickly, and should not be too long: using a stable pen means that the painting is beautiful. Make it the most critical pen of this painting. Ruji
The last stroke of Yangzi Youjian is the last stroke.

(10) Bring a pen
Take the author to the end, do not draw on credit, take a turn and walk in, dress up the body, the words are fresh and clean, and the momentum of starting to write, the law has its own importance. I wrote it all over and over again.
Bringing a pen is the connection of strokes. For example, the purpose of the word "yi" and "two horizontal lines" are connected.

(11) Turn over the pen
Turning the author first, the flipping gesture is urgent and quick, and it is not suitable to have a long waist and short neck.
Turning the pen is used in the front. It is urgent and fast, and it cannot be written with long waist and short items. For example, the two vertical heads of Lin characters use a flipping pen.

(12) Overlapping pens
The time for stacking the author is bad, and the slowness should not be long.
When the strokes are stacked, they should not be strong, but should be slow and weak, and the strokes should not be too long. It means to be weak or strong. Such as the three horizontal lines of long characters, and the four horizontal lines of Ji characters.

(thirteen) start writing
Start the pen without lowering it, lift it in the abdomen, do not expose the pen, start and stop to take the momentum, and do not lose integrity.
The starting point of the stroke is different from the bottom stroke, push up from the middle of the stroke, do not show the stroke, and pay attention to the structure of the stroke at the beginning and end. Such as the two short horizontal strokes.

(fourteen) pen
If you focus on the author's breadth, if you want to expand it, you will narrow it down. Broadness is called quick and healthy, and it should not be too late to repair it.
The pen is to write quickly and vertically to the direction of the pen, and then the pen is slightly thinner, so it cannot be slowed down or repaired. Such as the vertical head with less characters, the vertical head next to the word "Shen"