The Liao, Jin, Xixia and Yuan dynasties were all periods of minority rule in history. Liao, Jin, and Yuan all co-existed with the Song Dynasty. In the end, the Jin destroyed the Liao, the Yuan destroyed the Xixia, the Jin, and finally the Southern Song Dynasty, unifying China. During this period, the situation in China was turbulent. After the unification of the Yuan Dynasty, although it was relatively stable, it was less than a hundred years old. However, due to the active integration and absorption of Han culture by the rulers of all ethnic groups, calligraphy has continued to develop. For example, there were many accomplished calligraphers in the Jin and Yuan dynasties, and there were many important figures in the history of calligraphy.
According to the "History of Jin", the famous calligraphers in Jin Dynasty included Dang Huaiying, Wang Tingyun, Ma Jiuchou, and Yuan Haowen. But Dang Huaiying's seal script is not under Yang Bing, the so-called Queen Yang Bing is only one person.
In Liao, Jin and Xixia, there are still many traces of engraved scriptures, and their books are based on the method of Tang Dynasty. From a development perspective, little has been achieved.
The calligraphers of the Yuan Dynasty were particularly prominent, with the emergence of Zhao Mengfu, Xian Yushu, Deng Wenyuan, Kang Liying, Yang Weizhen and other calligraphers, and formed a distinctive feature of the times, that is, the so-called "Yuan and Ming Shangtai".
In addition to the above-mentioned calligraphers, there were Feng Zizhen, Jie Xisi, Wu Qiuyan, Ni Zan, Ke Jiusi, Sa Duci, Fang Congyi and other famous calligraphers in the Yuan Dynasty, which are omitted here.