Calligraphy is using the pen, and the pen is using the front (Figure)
The tip of the pen: the front, where the pen force is concentrated and the ink flows concentratedly. Making good use of the pen can make the pen stand upright and move with sharpness. This is called "Lifeng". The pen is straight and strong, which can effectively convey the strength of the finger and wrist. "Slaying" between the sheets into the paper will achieve the effect of penetrating through the back of the paper and penetrating into the wood three points. If you can't use the front to make full use of it, just use the belly of the pen to sweep and press, and the strokes will have a weak texture and the image of the ink will be vain.
The ancients emphasized that "use the pen with the front", which contains two requirements:
1. "Lifeng" pen. Whether you have "pen power" in writing a book depends on whether you can lift a pen in your hand and "stand up" to use it. Jiang He said in the Qing Dynasty: "(Using a brush) is like a person who is good at dancing a pole, and his spirit is on the top of the pole. A person who is good at using a gun has the power at the tip of the gun." , Only with "astringent potential", the lines written are as sharp as cast, dignified and calm. The metaphors of the ancients' so-called "cone painting sand", "printing ink pad" and "house leak marks" are no different. "It's like carving out gold with a sharp edge, and a long cone of boundary stones, imitating the brush used here, and sitting thousands of miles away" (Tang Zhang Huaijin). Ming Dong Qichang said: "I have studied calligraphy for 30 years, and I have learned calligraphy, but I can't prove it. If I start and fall, I will fall by myself, and I will fall by myself." To start with a pen, and not to let it die, is to pass through the ages." These are words of bitterness and bitterness.
"Lifeng" Guan Jian is good at making use of the flexibility of the pen, making the best use of the situation, and it is more related to the skill. When the skill is reached, even the extremely soft and long-front brush can still be used. Beginners may not feel the elasticity of the tip at the beginning, and the tip cannot stand up. You can use something as thin and long as a soft and elastic bamboo to do the movement of pressing down and pushing it up, focusing on the tip. It is believed that it is not difficult to master the skills of its movement and then apply it to the brush.
2. "The strokes of the pen are everywhere." Every point and every painting, from the beginning to the end, in all directions, should be formed by the movement of the pen. For example, after writing a little bit and pause, there must be a mention in the pause, so that the pen edge goes to the position where the original pen belly was pressed, so that the pen force can fully act on the paper, so as to achieve a solid and dignified brushstroke at the end of the pen.
Liu Xizai's "Book Overview" said: "Zhang Wenshi's (Zhang Xu) book has a little bit of painting, and the mood is self-sufficient. You should know that the little bit of painting is all solid. What’s the point!” “Da Dianhua” refers to a simple pen belly that can be pressed down but cannot be lifted up. No matter how big the strokes are, it is still a vain and dull image formed by the pen belly, rather than a sharp edge. Concentrating on the solid quality of the pen, carefully reviewing Wang Xizhi's running script, Ouyang Xun's running script, Chu Suiliang's "Yin Fu Jing", Zhao Mengfu, Wen Zhengming's regular script ink marks, all of them are like this.
Theoretically, the tip of the pen tip, but in practice, the front refers to the part near the tip and the pen tip, and the farther is the pen waist, which is the part where the pen tip produces elasticity, and it is also used by many calligraphers. The waist of the pen, such as Yan Zhenqing, etc., the "power point" is often not on the front but on the waist of the pen, and it can be bounced away as soon as the waist touches the paper, so it is heavy but can be refreshed. It's a pity that many people who imitated him fell limp after a meal, their appearances were similar but their expressions were very different. Kang Youwei in modern times also used the belly of the pen very well.
From the perspective of the process of learning books, beginners should work hard to practice the ability of Lifeng from the beginning, and try to use the front edge as much as possible. Once you have practiced to the point where the brush can be bounced under any circumstances, no matter the tip, the waist, the root, or the side of the brush, you can see through the back of the paper. None of them can exert force to injure the enemy.