Gong Ying (1266-1331), named Zijing and named Gu Yangsheng, was a native of Gaoyou, Jiangsu, and later moved to Pingjiang (now Wuxian, Jiangsu). When he was young, he served as Xu Wan's assistant, and later he served as the mountain chief of Hejing and Xuedao academies. He was promoted to official position by the deputy director of Zhejiang Confucianism. Befriend Dai Biaoyuan, Qiu Yuan and others. He is good at poetry and prose, good at calligraphy, and has the standards of Jin and Tang Dynasties. There is one volume of "Cun Hui Zhai Ji" and one volume of supplements. For details of the biography, see "Suzhou Prefecture Chronicles". The handwritten writings handed down from ancient times include "Xuancheng Shi Bingzhi Volume" and so on.



"Professor's Notes" page, Yuan Dynasty, Gong Ying's book, running script on paper, length 28cm, width 38.4cm. Collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing


  I paid homage to Professor Qian Yizhi to record the event, and was honored by Gong Ying, a guest in Yuanzhou. Ying recorded the story under the guidance of Professor Fu Yi. When my son-in-law came, he sent me a handwritten note to express my deepest condolences. Seeing and teaching people in recent times is like talking to each other with a smile. The preface is very much like this. It is noisy and unruly, but there is really no good thought. It is not allowed to follow orders for a while, but it is not a push. "Lychee Pu" was left with Xiao Sun to study. The master's pen writing is like this, it can be said that he has hit the smoke tower. Bitan returned and picked up the paper to reply. I haven't found any leaks in my spare time, and I hope to forgive you, but I don't have it. Goodbye, Ying.

  There are 23 seals in the collection of Xiang Yuanbian, An Qi, Tan Jing, Zhao Shuyan, Zhang Yuan and others, and 5 half seals. On the lower right side of this painting is the number "Collection Zi Hao" compiled by Xiang Yuanbian of the Ming Dynasty using the "Thousand Character Classic", and on the lower left side is the word "Jia Er".

  The "Qian Yizhi" in this post is Qian Liangyou. "Zixing" is Wu Yan's character. Wu Yan was a native of Taimo (now Longyou, Zhejiang), living in Hangzhou. He was good at seal script and was Gong Ying's son-in-law. "Young Master" refers to Kui, the son of the Qian family. "Lychee Pu" was written by Cai Xiang of the Song Dynasty. The "Professor's Notes" states that he "left it with my little grandson to study it", or it may be Cai's handwriting and ink, which is yet to be verified. The first paragraph of this post refers to Qian as "Professor" (i.e. teaching edict). It can be seen that the corresponding letter was written in the Yuan Dynasty (1308-1311) when Qian was the edict of Wuxian. At that time, Gong Ying was about 40 years old, so she should be in her middle age.

  The calligraphy in this calligraphy is smooth and natural, coherent and unrestrained, and the strokes are strong and powerful. It can be seen that Gong Ying is very good at using the brush strokes. The calligraphy expresses the tranquility and harmony of the ancient times without losing the laws of the Jin people.

  It is recorded in "Mo Yuan Hui Guan·Fa Shu Volume 2" and "San Yu Tang Calligraphy and Painting Catalog".

(Writer: Fu Hongzhan)