Shen Liao (1032-1085), courtesy name Xuda, was a native of Qiantang (now Hangzhou, Zhejiang). The younger brother. At the beginning, his brother was appointed as the supervisor of Shouzhou liquor tax, and he was moved to the inner storage warehouse. At the beginning of Xining reign of Emperor Shen Zong, he was the chief registrar of the Western Courtyard of the Inquisition. He went out to supervise the Bosi Department of Mingzhou City, moved to Taichang Temple to serve as Lilang, changed his post to supervise the Hangzhou military treasury, and took charge of Huating County affairs. He once wrote a book about nepotism, but was later seen by Shenzong. He thought he had lost his scholar-bureaucrat Gu Jie, so the censor impeached him for doing other things, demoted his position to serve the people, and exiled him to Yongzhou (Volume 1 of "Hui Qi Yu Hua"). Later, he met She and moved to Chizhou, where he built a house in Qiupu Qishan, which was named Yunchao. He died in the eighth year of Yuanfeng at the age of fifty-four ("Shen Xuda's Epitaph" in Volume 8 of "Collected Works of Mr. Shen San"). Together with his uncle Shen Kuo and his brother Tuo, they are collectively known as Mr. Shen. He has written twenty volumes of "Yunchaobian" (ten volumes in the current edition). There is a biography in Volume 331 of "History of the Song Dynasty".

  You Gong's calligraphy is excellent in both regular script and running script. Zeng Gong, Su Shi, and Huang Tingjian often sang with him, and Wang Anshi and Zeng Bu all imitated his calligraphy.


Moving and stopping calligraphy in running script collected by Shanghai Museum