Ni Zan's "Danshi Poems" scroll, paper, regular script, 64cm in length and 27cm in width. Collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing
I want to write new poems, but the taste of my words is as light as water. Why did the white clouds come and go to accompany me (click on this word) to sing alone in the north window. The wine is sweet and easy to turn sour, and the world is opposite Jiuyi Mountain. The white clouds make loveless friends, and the bright moon brings birds back and forth. On August 20th, I passed the Yunqi Tower of Zongdao and ordered me to write poems to my son An Danshi because of the poem. It was a day when the rain was sparse and the weather was cool, and the mountains were full of light, which made the place feel peaceful and peaceful. Zan.
Untitled postscript. The seal for appraising the collection bears the seal of "Runzhou Dai Zhizi Pei's Seal for Appraising the Collection of Calligraphy and Paintings" of the Qing Dynasty.
"Danshi Shi" is a seven-rhythm poem written by Ni Zan for his friend "Zongdao". The poem expresses his state of mind of living in isolation and being with the white clouds and birds.
This book is the only large-character running regular script among Ni Zan's extant works, and it is mounted in the rare vertical scroll format. His calligraphy is upright, his composition is neat and clear, his stippling is simple and vigorous, his pen strokes are strong and powerful, and his strokes and strokes are as long as possible. Judging from the calligraphy style, it should be written in his later years. (Writer: Li Yanxia)
The text refers to the website of the Palace Museum in Beijing.
Appendix: The love and return of the bright moon
——Ni Zan's Xingkai "Danshi Poetry Scroll"
"I want to write new poems, but my words are as light as water. The white clouds are light and come to accompany Gu Yun in the north window. The wine is sweet and easy to sour, and the world is opposite the Jiuyi Mountain. The white clouds make loveless friends, and the bright moon is full of love. Going and returning. On August 20th, when I passed the Yunqi Tower of Zongdao, I ordered Yu Fu to write poems to his son. Because of the poem, it was a cool day with sparse rain and the mountains were full of light. It was very quiet and refreshing. Zan." Therefore, the poem was written It feels remote and elegant, so I recorded it before appreciating and commenting on Ni Zan's "Danshi Poetry Scroll" in regular script. The creation of Chinese calligraphy is inseparable from the text content, and the elegance, vulgarity, beauty and ugliness of the text content directly affect the expressiveness of calligraphy creation. Therefore, calligraphers have always been cautious about the choice of text content when creating. From the perspective of the emotional expressiveness of creation, calligraphers should write their own poems and essays in order to have the best opportunities for collaboration from time to time. However, the fact is that most of our modern calligraphers are not good at poetry, and even some of them lack the ability to cultivate poetry. Therefore, they can often only borrow excellent poetry from ancient and modern times to write in the sense of calligraphy, which undoubtedly reduces the art of calligraphy. The appeal of creation. This should be an indisputable fact.
Ni Zan's beautiful poetry really helped him a lot in calligraphy and painting. In fact, Ni's pure calligraphy works are extremely rare, and most of his poetry and calligraphy are scattered in his simple and ancient paintings. Many of his paintings, poems and essays have the style of people from the Wei and Jin Dynasties. The formation of this aesthetic thought is closely related to his solitary and lonely life. Therefore, his calligraphy, paintings, and poems all exude a simple, spacious, and ancient atmosphere, and he is a typical representative of the literati's calligraphy and painting art. Reading his poems, tasting his books, and appreciating his paintings can make people's worries disappear, as if all the internal organs have been baptized by beauty.
Ni Zan's poem scroll in regular script (see picture) in the Palace Museum is not only his representative work in regular script, but may even be his final work. This piece is on paper, with a length of 64.2 cm and a width of 27 cm. It is not large in size, but it can appear large in the small and has endless meaning. Ni Zan's calligraphy comes from the ancient official script, so his calligraphy pays great attention to the starting and closing of the pen, especially the foot pressing of the characters. It is extremely careful and particular, and the official script is very obvious and ancient. In the horizontal painting, the brush strokes are light and broad at the beginning and heavy at the end, absorbing the characteristics of Chu Suiliang's brushwork in the Tang Dynasty, but turning Chu Suiliang's beauty into strength. Looking at it, it can be seen that the power of the pen is reflected on the back of the paper. Another characteristic of Ni's regular script is that the characters are flat and long, interspersed with each other, and the left and right structures are usually low on the left and high on the right, with the center of gravity tilted to the right. Therefore, the characters are vivid and interesting, and they are more powerful and handsome. Ingredients for people to play with. The composition of lower regular script is more difficult to master. It is dull, congested, and dull, which are all common problems. However, I don’t know whether Ni’s small regular script was picked up by hand or was done with ingenuity. The ordinary six lines of characters were handled in such a shocking way! As far as Xiaokai is concerned, using "birds and going back and forth" as a line would not be possible unless it was already well understood; and writing the postscript "August 20" flush with the main text is another bold creation. In this way, the originally stable composition suddenly became transparent and ethereal, just like the white crane neighing across the lake in the evening sky, just like a ray of skylight suddenly revealed in a quiet cave, and suddenly the flowers bloomed. Willow dark. At this point, I suddenly thought of what Ni said in the postscript of this axis, "There is a special sense of tranquility." What a "special and quiet person", he allows us to once again appreciate the power of "good cooperation" mentioned by Sun Qianli in "Book Book".