Wang Jian (1036-1103), courtesy name Mingsou, was born in Rugao, Taizhou (now part of Jiangsu). In 1051 (the 3rd year of Emperor Renzong's reign in the Song Dynasty), Wang Zhan and his cousin Wang Guan went to Kaifeng Imperial College to worship Hu Yuan as their teacher. They concentrated on studying the classics of benevolence, righteousness, rituals and music, and developed a righteous spirit. In 1059, 23-year-old Wang Zhan passed the Jinshi examination. He did not want to stay in Beijing for a long time, so he went to Runzhou to serve as a promotion official in 1068. In 1086, Zhezong of the Song Dynasty succeeded to the throne. His official position was correct and he entered the Ministry of Admonition. In the Huizong Dynasty, he served as the minister of the Ministry of Industry and moved to Zhongcheng, the imperial censor. Later, he learned about Runzhou as a bachelor of Longtuge, moved to Haizhou, and finally took up the idle position in charge of Taipingguan and placed Linjiang Army in charge. "History of the Song Dynasty" and "Biography of Wang Jian" said: "When I met the Qing Xiu Jian Dan, no one could see him being happy and angry. He always adhered to the right theory, and he was condemned and expelled again, and many changes occurred." In 1103, Wang Jian "died without illness, at the age of Sixty-eight." He has written 30 volumes of "Admonitions", 30 volumes of "Memories", 50 volumes of "Miscellaneous Papers", and 30 volumes of "Internal Control".



"Pingjiang Jiumao Tie" written by Wang Zhan, running script. Paper, 32.1×40.3cm, collected by the National Palace Museum, Taipei

Explanation: Let me pay homage to Pingjiang Wine again. Mao Runeng is a rare talent created by me. However, Tang Deguang and others did not follow the laws and regulations. He took more and provided it for him. Fei Xiao, the envoys did not dare to disobey him. So far, he has followed the custom and has not changed. He has invited me. The imperial court wants to make an order of its own. Now it has obtained tens of thousands of wine. Our camp is looking for dozens of area housing materials to build and ye Qinghe. One square is restored to its old one. The envoy will wait for three or two months. He will definitely go to Hangzhou with the desire to enjoy this benefit. It is strictly forbidden to go to the road today. Fortunately, I will not let Hu Shou know this and worship again.