The right shoulder is extended back and the head of the elder is extended to the right, with the characters "Ning", "Xuan", "Tai" and "Shang". (Not the head length.)

Long stretch the left foot. Those with legs stretch to the left, and the words "宝", "Dian", "Qi" and "Lei" are used. (It means "任", "彳", "木", "扌" and the like, not "Qi", "Dian" and the like.)

Raise one corner. Those with the character "Fang" raise the right corner. The characters "国", "Yong" and "Zhou" are the characters.

The half-abdomen of latent deficiency is slightly thicker than the left, and the right must also be drawn, evenly spaced near and far, covering each other successively, leaving the right side empty. The words "Yong", "Jian", "Gang" and "Yue" are.

When the upper heart is opened, the lower part is closed.

The word "Bing" is separated by "二", and the word "纺" is separated by "三". The characters "二" and "三" are both considered and used upward.

Hui Hui Liu Fang means that there are characters with "甔" and "plume" in them. If the character "绻" is placed on top and placed down, and the character "茶" is placed on top and placed down, it is the same. They cannot be placed together.

Transformation of vertical and horizontal strokes means that one of the two vertical paintings is vertical and the other is contracted, the character "bin" is contracted to the right and contracted to the left, and the character "jin" is vertical to the right and contracted to the left. The same is true under the soil.

If it is complicated, the word "Xuan" in Wang's book and the word "毚" in Yu's book are removed. ("Sheng" originally comes from "Dan".)

Shudang supplement and continuation The word "神" and the word "chu" in Wang Shu are both added a little bit, and the word "卩" for "que" comes from "阝".

If the division is against the back, it is said to be vertical. "Thirty", "book" and the like must all establish their own backs, and Zhong, Wang, Ou and Yu all guard them.

The words "eight" and "zhou" must be paid close attention to each other.

Loneliness will lead to greatness. Painting one point at a time makes it independent.

The words "Chang", "Lv", "Yao" and "Zao" are renamed Shangxia, "Lin", "Ji", "Si", "Yu" and other words are called Shangxia, "Sen", "Yu" and other words are Zuocu. The word "Miao" is used together.

To reflect the oblique side, 丿 means oblique, and [捺] means side, which means "jiao", "da", "yi", "ru" and so on.

With the oblique attached qu, it is said that L [bending] is the qu, such as "女", "安", "必", "胡" and so on.

The word "Qin Jing" means that the merits are due to self-reliance and deficiency. Turning back, leaning up, hanging down, and returning without losing each other.

The beauty of the unified view lies in the continuity and restoration. All the actions are in harmony with each other, and they are related but not contrary to each other.

[Comment]ExplanationZhiguo, a calligrapher during the Renshou period of the Sui Dynasty. Learned from Zhiyong. A native of Kuaiji (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang). Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty once said: "Zhiyong gets the flesh of the right army, and Zhiguo gets the bones of the right army. "Ode to the Heart" is found in Su Lin's "Calligraphy Gouxuan" of the Song Dynasty. The full text consists of two parts: "Ode" and "Notes"." "Ode" is a rhymed style, and according to Yan Kejun's "Quan Sui Wen", Yan Kejun believes that "it is not self-annotated by the wisdom fruit". "Xincheng" refers to "calligraphy".

From the white and white structure of a single character, to the mutual reflection between lines, and to the balance and symmetry of the entire article, the author has made wonderful explanations, laying down principles for later generations of calligraphy structure, and also laying the foundation for the emphasis on overall beauty. The idea of ​​calligraphy aesthetics took the lead. The creation advocated by the author should abide by the aesthetic idea of ​​dynamic balance, which deserves our attention in particular.

According to Bao Shichen of the Qing Dynasty's "Yizhou Double Chairs·Recording the Words of Two Stick Masters", it is believed that this article talks about the techniques and body skills of writing while standing, so there is "long stretch of the left foot, half of the abdomen is empty" (i.e. when standing) When writing long characters, the right half of the belly must be close to Ji Ji, the left half of the belly should be away from Ji Ji, and the left foot should be stretched and backward, so that the "qi" will not float upward to the right, thus ensuring freedom and comfort when writing), The saying "extend your right shoulder and pull out a corner" (i.e. stretch your right hand diagonally, if the corner is forward, then the right shoulder will inevitably unfold) can be used as a reference.