Signing is a key point of calligraphy creation. Many friends are prone to mistakes in composition and accuracy, especially when the content of signing is flawed. Today we will focus on the writing method of calligraphy inscription time, which is more comprehensive, and it is recommended to read it carefully.
Some people advocate using the new calendar, that is, the Gregorian calendar to note the time in the signature of calligraphy works, emphasizing that writing with brush and ink should adapt to the times, and some people advocate using the old calendar, that is, the lunar calendar, emphasizing the maintenance of national characteristics and traditional habits. In fact, these two methods can be used simultaneously.
If you use the new calendar, the method is very simple, just write it according to the daily application. If the old calendar time method is used, then there are many things to pay attention to, especially there are many other names that need to be clarified.
Today, we will elaborate on the writing of the inscription time according to the four major categories of inscription year, season, month, and date. It is very practical, and it is blessed to collect or share.
[Calligraphy inscription time query full table]
1. Record the year
Calligraphy works use the "dry branch" method to record the year. "Dry" means "Heavenly Stems", and "Zhi" means "Earthly Branches". The so-called "ganzhi" is the abbreviation of heavenly stems and earthly branches.
The ten heavenly stems are A, B, C, D, E, Ji, G, Xin, Ren, and Gui. The twelve Earthly Branches are Zi, Chou, Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu, and Hai. Combining the ten heavenly stems with the twelve earthly branches to record the year, it becomes Jiazi, Yichou, Bingyin...Xinyou, Renxu, Guihai, a cycle of sixty years, commonly known as "sixty years of Huajiazi", join the table below :
1, Jiazi, 2, Yichou, 3, Bingyin, 4, Dingmao, 5, Wuchen, 6, Jisi, 7, Gengwu, 8, Xinwei, 9, Renshen, 10, Guiyou, 11, Jiaxu, 12, Yihai, 13, Bingzi, 14, Ding Chou, 15, Wuyin, 16, Jimao, 17, Gengchen, 18, Xinsi, 19, Renwu, 20, Guiwei, 21, Jiashen, 22, Yiyou, 23, Bingxu, 24, Dinghai, 25, Wuzi, 26, Jichou, 27, Gengyin, 28, Xinmao, 29, Renchen, 30, Guisi, 31, Jiawu, 32, Yiwei , 33, Bingshen, 34, Dingyou, 35, Wuxu, 36, Jihai, 37, Gengzi, 38, Xinchou, 39, Renyin, 40, Guimao, 41, Jiachen, 42, Yisi, 43 . Chen, 54, Dingsi, 55, Wuwu, 56, Simo, 57, Gengshen, 58, Xinyou, 59, Renwu, 60, Guihai
2. Remember the seasons
The old calendar is divided into four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter, that is, the first, second, and third months of the old calendar are spring, April, May, and June are summer, July, August, and September are autumn, and October, November, and December are for winter. In ancient times, the ranking of brothers and sisters was in the order of Meng, Zhong, and Ji. (Meng is the eldest, Zhong is the second, and Ji is the third). The months are respectively Mengchun, Zhongchun and Jichun; April, May and June are respectively Mengxia, Zhongxia and Jixia; July, August and September are respectively Mengqiu, Zhongqiu and Jiqiu; October, November and December are respectively Mengdong and Zhongdong. , Ji Dong said. There are also some other names for seasons. For example, the other names for spring include Yangchun, Fangchun, Qingyang, Yanyang, Yangzhong, Sanchun, Jiuchun and so on. Other names for Xia include Zhu Xia, Zhu Ming, Haotian, Changying, Sanxia, and Jiuxia. The other names of autumn are Suqiu, Jinqiu, Shangqiu, Shangjie, Sushang, Sujie, Jintian, Gaoshang, Sanqiu and Jiuqiu. The other names of winter are cold winter, Anning, Xuanying, Sandong and Jiudong.
3. Remember the month
Alternative names for the old calendar months are particularly complex and have various origins. To sum up, the aliases of each month are roughly as follows:
January: First month, Duanyue, Chuyue, Zhengyue, Early month, Taiyue, Yangyue, Zōu (zōu) month, Thirteenth month, Chunyang, Chuyang, Shouyang, Mengyang, Mengzou, Zhao( zhào) spring, Duanchun, early spring, early spring, Shangchun, Xinzheng, Yuezheng, Kaisui, Fasui, Zhaosui, Sanzhiri, Mengchun, Taicu, Yin (yǐn) month, etc.
February: Ruyue, Xingyue, Liyue, Lingyue, Zhongyang, Fourth Day, Zhongzhong, Dazhuang, Hanchun, Zhongchun, Jiazhong, Mao (mǎo) month, etc.
March: Silkworm Moon, Peach Moon, Peach Wave, Flower Moon, Jiayue, Jué (jué) Month, Xie (xì) Month, Tongyue, Sanchun, Late Spring, Late Spring, Mo (miǎo) Spring, Late Spring, 雩 (yú) ) Wind, Ji Chun, Gu Xi, Chen (chén) Moon, etc.
April: Lazy month, Huai month, Zhongyue, Maiyue, Qinghe month, Yin month, Yuyue, Huaixia, Shouxia, Chuxia, Weixia, Zhengyang, Chunyang, Maihou, Mengxia, Zhonglu, Si month etc.
May: May, Liuyue, Gao (gāo) month, Evil month, Yuzheng, Xiaoxing, Mingyu (tiáo), Zhongxia, Wuyue, etc.
June: Qiyue, Heyue, Jiyue, Shuyue, Fuyue, Jiaoyue, Sanxia, Twilight, Late Summer, Late Summer, Extreme Heat, Severe Summer, Severe Moon, Jingyang, Jixia, Lin Zhong, Wei month etc.
July: Qiaoyue, Melon Moon, Frost Moon, Xiangyue, Liangyue, Chushang, Zhaoqiu, Early Autumn, First Autumn, Early Autumn, New Autumn, Last Autumn, Mengqiu, Yize, Shenyue, etc.
August: Zhuangyue, Guiyue, Huoyue, Zhengqiu, Guiqiu, Zhongshang, Zhongqiu, Nanlu, Youyue, etc.
September: Xuanyue, Juyue, Yongyue, Decaying Moon, Twilight Autumn, Late Autumn, Late Autumn, Poor Autumn, Cool Autumn, Three Autumns, Twilight Shang, Jishang, Endshang, Frost Order, Jibai, Jiqiu, Wushe, Xuyue and others.
October: Liangyue, Jiyue, Yinyue, Luyue, Zhengyangyue, Kunyue, Xiaochunyue, Xiaoyangchun, Kaidong, Shangdong, Early Winter, Mengdong, Yingzhong, Haiyue, etc.
November: Gu month, Jia (jiā) month, cold month, snow moon, dragon potential month, first day, mid-winter, mid-winter, yellow bell, sub-month, etc.
December: Ice Moon, Twelfth Moon, Jiaping Moon, Strict Moon, Tuyue, Twilight Festival, Xinghui Festival, Qiongjie, Qiongji, Twilight, Late Winter, Lack of Winter, Late Winter, Severe Winter, Last Winter, Late Winter , the second day, Ladong, Jidong, Dalu, Chouyue, etc.
4. Remember the date
The other names of the old calendar days are more complicated, and can be grasped from the following aspects.
1. Sanhuan (huàn) diary
The so-called "Three Huan" refers to the upper, middle and lower three Huan. The first ten days of each month, from the 1st to the 10th, is Shanghuan; the middle ten days, from the 11th to the 20th, is Zhonghuan; For example, on the fourth day of the first lunar month, it can be recorded as "the four days of Huanzhi in the first month"; on the 15th day of February, it can be recorded as "the fifth day of Huanzhi in the middle of February"; "The sixth day of Huanzhi in March", and the rest can be deduced by analogy.
2. Moon phase record
The so-called "moon phase record" is to record the date according to the changes of the moon's profit and loss. The beginning of each month is called "Suo", "Dan", and "Suoyue", the third day is called "Moonrise (fěi)", the fifteenth is called "Wang", the sixteenth is called "Jiwang" and "Wanghou", the last day of each month The last day is called "Dark" (huì).
3. Special diary
It is customary to give other names to some special days, such as:
The first day of the first lunar month: Yuanri, New Year's Day, Yuanzheng, Yuanshuo, Yuanchun, Yuanchen, Zhengchao, Sanyuan, Gaidan, Luduan, etc. From the second day to the tenth day of the first lunar month: they are respectively called the second day of Luduan, the third day of Luduan...the tenth day of Luduan.
The seventh day of the first lunar month: People's Day.
The eighth day of the first lunar month: Valley Day, Valley Birthday.
The fifteenth day of the first lunar month: Lantern Festival, Yuan Ye, Yuan Xi, Shang Yuan, Lantern Festival.
The first day of February: Zhonghe Day.
The second day of February: The dragon raises its head.
February 12: Huachao and Baihua's birthday.
February 15: Mid-Spring Festival.
The third day of March: Chongsan, Sansi, Shangsi, Shangchu, Xie Day, Xiu Xi Day.
The third day of April: Zhanshangsi.
The eighth day of April: Bathing Buddha Day.
April 19: Huanhua Day.
The fifth day of May: Duanyang, Duanwu, Chongwu, Chongwu, Wuri, Chang (chāng) Festival, Pu Festival, Summer Festival, Tianzhong Festival, May Festival.
The sixth day of June: Double Sixth Day, Tian Kuang Festival.
The seventh day of July: Qixi Festival, Qiqiao Festival, and Star Festival.
July 15: Zhongyuan.
Fifth day of August: Tianchang Festival.
August 15: Mid-Autumn Festival, Autumn Festival.
August 18: Chaotou's birthday.
The ninth day of September: Double Ninth Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival, Climbing Festival.
October 15: Xiayuan.
December 24: Jiao Nian, Xiao Nian, Mei Zao Day.
December 30: New Year's Eve, Shou Sui.
You don’t need to write the time of calligraphy signing, but if you want to write it, you must be careful, and the writing method is very important. People who don’t understand will confuse the writing method and write randomly, which is ridiculous.