Volume 1: Books
Volume 2: Etymology
Volume 3: Brushwork
Volume 4: Yuan Jue
Volume 5: Situation
Volume 6: Fengshen
Volume 7: Industrial

  Yu Jixu

  Fuxi began to draw the gossip and the characters prospered. The pictograms of the six books are the end. The matter of medieval bamboo slips and slips is in the hands of the Shi family. Those who will rule the world in later generations will be those who are famous for their books. Qu Xiansheng Ximing had to prepare the guards, so that he could know the emperor's omnipotence and versatility, pay attention to calligraphy, hand-edit the old news of the history of calligraphy, and refer to the laws of the country and dynasty, and test the eight volumes of the calligraphy. In Yan's spare time, there are many things to take. In the past Tang Dynasty, Liu Gongquan tasted some advanced words and said to his king: "If the heart is upright, the pen will be upright." Later generations of the world call it pen remonstrance. Xu Zai Ximing, who has no public power and beauty in his previous life. Preface to the Collection of Shichen Yu.
  Ouyang Xuanxu

  Elementary school is abolished, the study of calligraphy is almost perfect, and the study of voice is especially obsolete. From the Zhou Dynasty to the Qin Dynasty, the system flourished successively. Since the Western Jin Dynasty, both Huafan and Huafan have prospered. The people of the Tang Dynasty used books to select scholars, and the people of the Song Dynasty paid more than a thousand gold for the extension. However, scholars have regrets about following the current and leaving the source. What is the reason for this examination of Shengxi Mingfa calligraphy in Kucha? Ximing deliberately worked on books, and was able to study Zongyuan as a book. As for the subtlety of brushwork and the fineness of storytelling, the degree of sweetness, suffering, and pain can be overcome by those who are not old enough to chop the wheel! When the book was completed, it was recommended by a close minister to read it thoroughly. After asking again and again, I can learn what I have learned and correct it, because I am praised. Notes on things and daily life are also thought of as Ciwa's auspicious time, and donated money to spread it widely. Scholars in the world can set an example. Ximing became an official with books, and now he belongs to Xiaguan, and Gai did not forget his origin. Hanlin Bachelor Zi Shan Dafu Zhi Zhi Zhi Gao fellow practitioner of national history Luling Ouyang Xuan Xu.
  Exposing the preface

  The dharma book Zhao Fuxi's family changed and declined more and more, and then it was up and down with the world. It is still difficult to test the ancients, but what is the situation? In the second year of Zhishun, Sheng Jun Ximing made a calligraphy examination, but the manuscript was not finished, and there was already a person who said that he was the Emperor Wen. There is a purpose to make progress, so as to revise the imperial ceremonies of the dynasty. The matter was strict, and Emperor Wen died before it was recorded. On April 5th of the fourth year, I was in Yanchun Pavilion today, so I entered the Shaci class, a bachelor's degree under Kuizhang's inheritance, with books. Pay attention to the Dharma books above, read through the volumes, ask about the gist of the Eight Dharmas in person, and order them to be hidden in the forbidden, so that you can read them in person. At that time, Shangxin entered from Lingnan, and the direction of the Sacred Heart has spread both at home and abroad. And when he ascended the throne, held a sutra banquet, and issued an edict of advocating Confucianism, the world was full of joy and eagerness, thinking about the rule of a saint. The restoration of the Dharma book, is it here? However, it is not only the Dharma books that are expected to return to the ancient times in the world, but also the concept, is it a sign of the restoration of Sheng's books? However, the predecessor of the Sheng family was Qu Xianren, and his current family is Yuzhang. However, Xi Ming and Qing dynasties were careful and orderly, and they had learned a lot before they could write articles, work books, and be able to master the books of various countries, but they were not self-worthy, or they were known by famous officials for a while. This is the work of the book, Yu Kuizhang wrote the preface, and Yu Te wrote the whole story of the book. In October of the second year of Yuantong, Wenlin Lang, the supervisor of art and literature, participated in the inspection of books and revealed the preface.

Book one

  The key to learning books is to learn from the ancients, but the ancients are far away, and there are many famous places, so it is necessary to choose in detail. There are many good books in the past dynasties, whose reputation was written at that time, and the book was passed on to the latter, all of which can be counted. As for the absurdity of being a false name, mediocrity also exists. There is no limit to the rest of those who are obliterated and unknown. What's more, they are interested in profit and selling strange things. Therefore, he first wrote the book manual, compiled the comments of various scholars, and studied the fineness and roughness of the calligraphy and engraving, so as to prepare for the collection.
  The country ruled the world with gods and martial arts, and the ancestors of the ancestors promoted cultural governance. As for the Temple of Ren, there are laws and regulations. Naturally, in the spare time of the saints, they can mostly serve art and literature. Qin Wei is the sage of the emperor's life and knowledge, and his daily new achievements are beyond the reach of his officials. There are often many people who can write in our dynasty, but the secular rate is so high that ears and eyes are cheap, and it is rare to determine its merits and demerits. After thousands of years, there will be those who can argue. In this collection, several people from the Qin Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty descended from Cangjie, gathered the comments of various schools, and made up the upper, middle and lower grades. Zhang Huaiguan said: "Innate nature first, learning later, and the Fengshen backbone is the top, and the beauty and function are the bottom."
  top grade
  Cangjie (Zhang Huaiguan said: ancient prose.)
  Shi Zhen (Zhang Huaiguan said: ancient prose is a wonderful product.)
  Li Si (character Tonggu, from Shangcai. Zhang Yun: The small seal script is a masterpiece, and the large seal script is a wonderful product. Li Sizhen said: The essence of small seal script is wonderful in ancient and modern times. Qin Wangshan and the emperor's seal are as powerful as crossbows, thousands of stones and Hongzhong, how can they be scholars and master craftsmen? It is also a national heritage. People from the Tang Dynasty commented: "The bones are well-proportioned, and the square is wonderful.)
  Zhao Gao (Zhang Yun: Great seal script.)
  Cheng Miao (Li Yun: The top grade in seal script, the first to create a model, glowing in Danqing.)
  Wang Cizhong (started writing in regular script, see etymology for details.)
  Chen Zun (Meng Gong. Han people. He is good at official scripts, and he is proud to keep them.)
  Shiyou (History of the Han Dynasty, creating Zhangcao.)
  Du Cao (Han Dynasty, or Yun Shichang manuscript method.)
  Liu Mu (in the late Han Dynasty, Beihai respected the king, was good at cursive script, with strong style, skillful writing skills, and Zhang Zhi learned it.)
  Du Du (Bodu. Wei Danyun: Jie has bone strength but his characters are small and sparse, and his calligraphy and paintings are thin. Yu Jianwu said: middle grade. Zhang Yun: Zhangcao Shenpin, Zhangdi envoy cursive script to work.)
  Liu Desheng (Jun's heir. Started to create running script. Yu Yun: The top grade. Wang Sengqian said: Zhong and Hu were taught. Zhang Yun: Cursive cursive.)
  Cui Yuan (Ziyu. Yu Yun: Good at Beizhong, but rarely traveled to the south. There are those who have imitated in the world. The prince respectfully sees it and calls it beautiful. It is similar to Boying. Top middle grade. Zhang Yun: Zhang Cao is the first, God Pin, Xiaozhuan is wonderful. Li Yun: The top grade. The seal is like Li Si, and the stippling is like iron stone. Wang Yun: The strokes are very fast, but the words are small and sparse. Yuan Angyun: Like a dangerous peak blocking the sun, a lonely pine branch, which has the meaning of despair. )
  Cui Shi (son of Yuan.)
  Cao Xi (a man from Fufeng. Wei Heng said: The seal script is less different from Li Si, but he is also called good. Yuan Yun: Like the scriptures and Taoists, the words are inexhaustible. Zhang Yun: Xiaozhuan and Li are both wonderful. I have tasted Li Si's brushwork and lamented endlessly , as a volume of essays.)
  Handan Chun (Wei Heng said: he got the second method, and he was good at small characters in official script. His teacher Cao Xizhuan, Wei Dan, and his teacher Chun were not as good. Yuan Yun: According to the rules, the square and the circle are completed. Zhang Yun: Ancient Chinese, small and large seal script, and divided Lishu is a wonderful product.)
  Teachers should be officials (Wei Yun: He was good at official scripts, and he was the best during the time of Emperor Ling. The largest one is a foot in diameter, and the smallest is a square inch and a thousand words. Sometimes you don’t bring money to the restaurant, because the book is on the wall, and the visitors pay for the wine, and the money is enough. And destroy it. Every book is cut down and burnt. Liang Hu is the wine that he drinks for the board. When he is drunk, he steals the tree. Yu Yun: Hongdu is the best, can be big or small, and the middle grade. Wang Yun : There are many simple ways to make wine. Liang Wuyun: It is like a peng feather not resting, and it swims by itself. Zhang Yun: It is a wonderful product.)
  Wei Hong (Zhang Yun: A wonderful piece of ancient prose.)
  Cai Yong (Bo Jie. The method of adopting Si and Xi in seal script is a mixture of ancient and modern forms, but it is precise and simple, not as good as Chun Ye. Zhang Yun: Bafen and Feibai are both divine grades. Small and small seal scripts, and official scripts are wonderful. Li Yun: Top middle grade .Only Fan Juqing's stele is beautiful and beautiful, and it is the best in ancient and modern times. Liang Wuyun: The bones are deep, refreshing and refreshing .)
  Zhang Zhi (Boying. Shaohao pen writing, learning books near the pool, the water in the pool is completely black. He claims that he is better than Cui and Du at the top, and Luo and Zhao are more at the bottom. Seeing Cai Yong's theory of brush gestures, he wrote five articles on the mind of the brush. Wei Yun: Zhang Boying of Hongnong must write regular scripts, and he has no time to write cursive script. No inch of paper is left, and his book is treasured to this day. Zhang Yun: The cursive is the first, the chapter is the second, and the cursive is the third. They are all divine. Li is a wonderful product. Yu Yun : The first book on clothes and silk, known as the sage of grass. Kungfu is the first. The top grade. Li Yun: Yipin. Zhangcao is like a spring rainbow drinking streams, Luopu floating clouds, soaked in mist, and heavy frost shakes down. Liang Wuyun: Like Hanwu loves Taoism , Imaginary.)
  Zhang Chang (Wen Shu. Zhi's younger brother. Yu Yun: Upper Middle Grade. Zhang Yun: Bafen, Zhangcao Miaopin, Li Nengpin. Li Yun: Upper Middle Grade. The descriptions on Xiyue Mountain are juicy and refined, but have no backbone. )
  Hu Zhao (Kong Ming. Yu Yun: see the model in motion. The upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: the wonderful product of Li Xing, the good product of seal script.)
  Wei Dan (Zhong Jiang. People from Jingzhao. Yu Yun: Don't dye the hair indiscriminately, you must have a pen and left paper. Upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: Cao sixth, Bafen, Li, Zhangcao, Feibai Miaopin, Xiaozhuan Nengpin. Liang Wuyun : Like a dragon's majestic tiger's pace, the sword is drawn. Zhang Wangyun: Shan Kai, known as the sage of the pen at that time. Wei Lingyun's palace list was not titled, but the craftsman mistakenly nailed it. , with white beard and temples, admonishing descendants to practice this skill.)
  Zhong Yao (Yuanchang. A native of Xuchang. His teacher, Hu Zhao, did not spy on households for 16 years. When he saw Zhao's brushwork, he was amazed. He wrote about the bones of his brush. He also said that he stole Wei Dan's tomb and got Cai Yong's brushwork, day and night. Quit, and sleep with hand-painted quilts, which are worn. Yu Yun: Nature is the first. Divine grade. Bafen, Grass Miaopin. Wang Yun: It is called perfection There are three types of bells. One is called stone inscription, which is the most wonderful one. The second is called charter book, which is also for teaching elementary school students. The third is called running script, running script. The three methods are all good for the world. Li Yun: The orthodox temple is still in the suburbs, and the Zudousi is there, and it is better than the Hanjian<门孝>gully, and the steep autumn mountains. The lines are dense, and it is really sad.)
  Zhong Hui (Shi Ji. Yu Yun: Upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: True fifth, Zhangcao sixth, Cao seventh, parallel four bodies all excellent grades. Li Yun: Upper middle grade. Xiao Zhong has the official book Luoshen Fu. Liang Wuyun : Twelve meanings, unexpectedly ingenious, absolutely amazing.)
  Huang Xiang (Xiu Ming. Yu Yun: Hu Fat, Zhong Shou, Xiu Ming weighs the two families, driving the eight best. The upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: The eighth chapter of the grass, the divine grade. Xiaozhuan can be the best. Yuan Yun: Like the sound of singing around the beam, Qin Renshe emblem.)
  Liang Hu (Boluan. From the book to the Xuanbu Shangshu, Emperor Wu of Wei Xuanhu wrote the book in the tent, thinking it was holy. Yu Yun: Upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: Eighth grade. Li Yun: Upper middle grade . Wei Yun: The official script uses pens to the fullest. Liang Wuyun: Like the Taizu who forgot to go to bed, the viewer is blinded.)
  Wei Guan (Boyu. He was Wei Shangshulang when he was young, and he was good at calligraphy with Suo Jing. At that time, he was called one of the two wonderful. Yu Yun: the upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: the fifth in the line, and the Xiaozhuan and Lishu are all excellent, the ancient Chinese and the big seal Nengpin, Chapter 4, Shenpin. Wang Yun: The son of Wei Yu is also Sikong of Jin Dynasty. Adopt Zhang Zhi's method, take his father's book to participate in it, and make a draft. Zi Jushan is also good at calligraphy. Therefore, it is said: Bo Yude Tendons, giant mountains get bones.)
  Suo Jing (You'an. Yu Yun: Upper and lower grades. Wei Yun: Guan has regular script, but it is far inferior to Jing. You said: Jing got Boying meat. Taste it in cursive script. Zhang Yun: Zhangcao is the third, divine grade. Eight Divided into a wonderful product of grass. Interesting and strong, worthy of the title. Emperor Wu of Liang said: Like the wind blowing suddenly, the bird of prey flies away. Wang Yun: Jing, the grandson of Zhang Zhi's sister, passed on Zhang Zhi's grass and its shape is different. His calligraphy and painting The trend is called silver hook grouper tail.)
  Zhang Hua (Zhang Yun: Zhang Cao Miaopin.)
  Ji Kang (Shu Ye. Zhang Yun: Grass is the second, wonderful product. Shu Ye is seven feet six inches long, has a beautiful voice, and a majestic appearance. Although he is shaped like an earthen tree, he is a dragon and a phoenix. He has a natural nature. He is filial and gentle. He tasted cursive script and broke friends The book is a piece of paper. Comments from the Tang Dynasty: It's like holding a piano and half drunk, singing things slowly, or like a lone crane returning to the forest, and the crowd of birds are scattered.)
  Xie An (An Shi. Yu Yun: top grade. Zhang Yun: line ninth, Licao Miaopin. Li Yun: top middle grade. Let nature go, and the tiger sits on the plate. Wang Yun: It can also enter the stream, but it also respects itself. Taste the poems written by Ji Zhong in Zijing's book. Sometimes I get Zijing's book and make it into school paper.)
  Mrs. Wei (Mao Yi. Yu Yun: Middle-top grade. Zhang Yun: Li Miaopin. Li Yun: Upper-lower grade. Tang comment: Like a beautiful woman arranging flowers, low-key and tolerant. It is also like a beautiful woman on stage, a fairy's shadow, and a red lotus reflecting water , Biluofuxia.)
  Wang Zhen (world general. Yu Yun: middle-level grade. Zhang Yun: true third, grass fifth, all-energy grade. Feibai wonderful grade. Li Yun: upper and lower grades. Wang Yun: Wang Pingnan is the uncle of the right army, who crossed the river Come, before the Youjun, Weizhen is the most. The painting is the teacher of the Jin and Ming emperors, and the book is the law of the Youjun.)
  Wang Xizhi (Yi Shao. Son of Kuang. Born in Linyi, Langya. When he was young, he was thirteen years old. When he was thirteen years old, he read the theory written by his father in his father's pillow. He stole it and read it. His learning skills improved day by day. When Mrs. Wei saw it, she spoke too often. Wang Xizhi Said: "This son must see the use of pens, and he must conceal the title of my book. Emperor Cheng of Jin Dynasty worshiped the northern suburbs, and even wished for the edition. The workers cut it, and Xizhi's ink penetrated into wood seven points. Beginners learning Mrs. Wei's calligraphy, crossing the river and seeing ancient monuments, sigh Learning Mrs. Wei is a waste of time. Zhang Yun: The handwriting is strong and smooth, and he is good at the beauty of the family. The nature is natural, and the wind is strong. And the way is subtle and the taste is weak, which is impossible for ordinary people to learn. Its reason is hidden but deep. Gu Tianxia is less than a bosom friend. Truth is the first, action is the second, chapter is the fifth, grass is the eighth, and Feibai are all divine grades, the eighth grade is wonderful. Yu Yun: Kungfu is not as good as Zhang, so it is natural. Naturally, it is not as good as bells, and kung fu is too much It is the top grade. Li Yun: Yi grade. Like the four seasons of yin and yang, the cold and heat can be adjusted smoothly, the rock corridor is grand and open, and the hairpin is solemn. Its sound is also sonorous and golden; its fragrance is dense like orchid musk deer; it is difficult to collect Also, it is ethereal and like a fairy; it is impressive, but it is obvious and in sight. It can be called the sage of the real book. If the grass is miscellaneous, it is like the breeze blowing out of the sleeves, the bright moon enters the bosom, the jade is rotten and the five colors, and the five are the five. Picking. So Li Zhu Sangming, Ziqi lost hearing, can be called the sage of grass. Its flying white is like mist curling up, and the haze is scorching. Another example is Diandai on Songyan, where cloud rises from the luxuriant luxuriant spring, and the jade is sprinkled to form evening rain. Put a point on your head, like a falling stone from a peak; make a horizontal painting, like a thousand miles of clouds; lift up a wave, like a wind and thunder shock; make a vertical, like a long-lived withered vine; stand a leaning pole, like a tiger crouching on a phoenix pavilion; Lifting the pole from above is like a dragon jumping over the gate of heaven. Liang Wuyun: The word is majestic and graceful, like a dragon jumping over the gate of heaven, and a tiger crouching at the pavilion of the phoenix. Therefore, it has been treasured throughout the ages and will always be taught. Wang Yun: The traces of the ancients cannot be overstated.)
  Wang Xianzhi (Zijing. The seventh son of Yishao. Zijing is the most famous. He learned calligraphy at the age of seven or eight, but Yishaomi couldn't handle his pen from then on, saying: "This son should be famous. I tasted the big characters on the wall of the book, and Yishao thought it very much. Able. Beginners learn from their father’s scriptures, learn from Zhang, change the system later, and create their own methods. Lead your teacher’s heart, follow the rules of heaven, show the traces of majesty and spirit, show the wisdom of Zang Wuzhong, and the courage of Bian Zhuangzi. The great roc blows the wind, the long whale spouts foam, the cliff falls into a rock, and the light is shocked. Zhang Yun: In addition to walking grass, Zijing opens a door. It is not grass but not real. Those who carry the grass are called running grass. Zijing’s method is neither grass nor walking. Also. True fourth, Xing second, Zhangcao first, grass third, and Feibai all divine grade. Eighth energy grade. Yu Yun: Top middle grade. Liang Wuyun: Outstanding among others, unmatched. Like He Shuo Young people are all full of joy, procrastinating and unbearable. Li Yun: The son respects cursive script, and the air is more relaxed than his father. It is like a phoenix dancing in a red cave, a dragon leaping in a clear spring, changing suddenly, and it is impossible to know what it will be. Or move the sea and move the mountain. , or turn the waves to win the mountain. And the official script and the running script, such as the field scholars, the more they participate in the imperial court, it is not the ancient charter, but the time is out of place. The old saying is that it is Zhuanyan, and it is not good to learn from it.)
  Wang Min (Ji Yan. The youngest son of Qiazhi. His name is Xunyou. Shi Yun: Dharma protector is not good, and Seng Mi is difficult to be a brother. Dharma protector, small characters. There are four plains, from the dynasty to the evening, the book is actually the beginning and the end It is like one, and there are no mistakes in the characters. Zijing said in a play: "My younger brother's book is like riding a donkey. He is always going to go to Hualiu. He tasted the Daixian and the Zhongshu order, so the offering is the big order, and the min is the small order. Yu Yun: Middle and top grade. Zhang Yun: The sixth line, and Li Miaopin. Wang Yun: The brushwork is more powerful than Zijing.)
  Xun Yu (Chang Yin. Yu Yun: Upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: Li and Cao are all excellent. Wang Yun: Chang Yin raccoon bones, the right army thought it was incomparable.)
  Ruan Yan (Wen Ji. Yu Yun: Look at the past and see the present, and get a glimpse of all the wonders. Although he learned from Wang Zuzhong, he did not form a whole. The upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: Qili and Xingcao are wonderful grades. Li Yun: The middle grade. Liang Wuyun: Like nobles who lose their grades, you cannot exclude virtuous people.)
  middle grade
  Yan Yannian (Zhang Yun: Dazhuan Nengpin, Gongzhu Shu.)
  Xu Shen (Zhang Yun: Xiaozhuan Nengpin.)
  Ban Gu (Zhang Yun: Big and small seal script can be used.)
  Luo Hui (Uncle Jing. Yu Yun: middle and low grade. Zhang Yun: Zhangcao Nengpin.)
  Emperor Wu of Wei (Cao Cao, Meng De. Yu Yun: The pen and ink are magnificent. Zhongzhongpin. Zhang Yun: The Zhangcao is a wonderful product. Tang comment: Like the gold and flowers falling, the land is exquisite, the jade is divided into brilliance, and the Yaoyan is bright.)
  Sun Hao (Emperor Wu Mo, Emperor Yuanzong. Yu Yun: The style is dense and dense. The middle grade. Li Yun: The middle and lower grade. Like the people of Wu, who are happy and proud of their family, although they want to be proud, they are also back to normal.)
  Mao Hong (Zhang Yun: Bafen Nengpin. Wei Hengyun: Hong is a son of Liang Hu, who was taught by the secretary. Today, Bafen is also legislated by Hongzhi.)
  Wei Ji (Boru. Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Zhang Yun: Ancient Chinese, Li, Cao, Zhang Nengpin. Wang Yun: The body is thin and the pen is fine.)
  Wei Heng (Ju Shan. The son of Guan. Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Zhang Yun: Ancient prose, Zhangcao Miaopin, Li Nengpin. Li Yun: Zhongupangpin. Liang Wuyun: Like a beautiful woman arranging flowers, dancing and laughing on the stage.)
  Sima You (also the younger brother of Emperor Wu of Jin Dynasty. Wang Yun: The capital thinks it is a regular style. Zhang Yun: The cursive can be used.)
  Lu Ji (Shi Heng. Yu Yun: middle and low grades. Li Yun: middle and upper grades. Mussel-like pearl embryos, Jinhe silver pebbles. Wang said: Wu Shiye, there is no comparison.)
  Liu Yu (Qing Sun. Yu Yun: middle and low grade.)
  Yu Liang (Yuan regulations. Yu Yun: middle and low grade. Wang Yun: also entered Neng Lu.)
  Yu Yi (Child Gong. Yu Yun: middle and upper grades. Zhang Yun: Li, Cao, Zhang Nengpin. Li Yun: Upper and lower grades. Wang Yun: Zheng Xiyi Shu. When he was young, he was as famous as Yi Shao. The right army was backward, and Yu still did not I am angry at myself. In Jingzhou and the capital, I wrote a letter saying: children are cheap chickens, they value wild ducks, and they learn less books, so I should compare them.)
  Wang Dun (Chu Zhong. Zhang Yun: Grass fourth.)
  Wang Dao (Maohong. Yu Yun: Middle and low grade. Zhang Yun: The seventh in the true, the eighth in the line, and the book can be rated. Wang Yun: There is a lot of regular script. I am taught by Zhong and Wei. I like and dislike it. If you are in a mess, you can still use it. Minister Zhong Yao announced that the watch clothes would be taken across the river, and later the right army would get them. Zitian, Qia, and Hui could also write.)
  Xi's (Xi's wife. She works in books and has seven sons.)
  Wang Huizhi (Ziyou.)
  Cao Zhi (both sons of Xi, and Gong Cao Li.)
  Xie Daoyun (Ning's wife is also talented and good at books. Li Yun: middle and low grade. Graceful and elegant, fragrant and playful.)
  Xi Yin (Fang Hui. Yu Yun: middle and upper grade. Zhang Yun: Zhangcao wonderful grade, Cao and Li Neng grade. Li Yun: upper and lower grades. Liang Wuyun: The taste is very familiar, but it is difficult to get the wonderful, so Xiao San has no elegance. Su. Wang Yun: Zhang Cao is inferior to the right army.)
  Xi Chao (Jing Xing, also known as guest. Yu Yun: middle and low grade. Wang Yun: the second king of Caoya, who flattered his father even more, but his bones are weak. Li Yun: middle and upper grade.)
  Huan Xuan (respectfully. Yu Yun: middle-top grade. Li Yun: middle-grade. It’s like a startled snake enters the grass, and a sharp edge emerges from the box. Wang Yun: Xuanzi compares himself to the right army, and the discussants don’t agree. He can compare to Kong Lin’s.)
  Du Yu (Yuan Kai. Yu Yun: Mid-middle grade. Zhang Yun: Zhangcao Nengpin. Li Yun: Middle-low grade.)
  Li Shi (Jing Ze. Yu Yun: middle and upper grade. Zhang Yun: Li and Cao Neng grade. Li Yun: upper and lower grade. If you pass Yangxin, you can compare it to Yu Yi.)
  Zhang Yi (Jun Zu. Yu Yun: middle and lower grades. Li Yun: middle and upper grades. Wang Yun: You Jun wrote his own list, and Emperor Mu of Jin ordered Yi to answer the questions after he wrote the questions. The kid wants to mess with the truth.)
  Yang Xin (Jing Yuan. Yu Yun: Follow Zi Jing early, and get his style. Middle and top grade. Zhang Yun: Li, Xingcao wonderful grade. Li Yun: Upper and lower grades. Liang Wuyun: Like a maidservant as a wife, although she knows that she is too high, she behaves Shy, and ultimately not plausible. Wang Yun: Receive the tactic from Zijing, the book is more important than the moment, and the cursive is still good, and it is not called correct.)
  Bo Shaozhi (Jinghe. Yu Yun: The lower grade. Zhang Yun: Li and Xingcao are both excellent. Liang Wuyun: Like a dragon swimming in the sky, lingering and lovely.)
  Kong Linzhi (Yan Lin. Yu Yun: middle and top grade. Zhang Yun: Li and cursive are excellent. Tang Commentary: Indulgence, quickness, and fluent brushwork. After the second king, it is difficult to compare. But the merits and losses are few, so it is inferior to sheep Xin. Wang Yun: Naturally free and easy, very well-crafted, but less effortless.)
  Zhang Chao (Zi Bing. Yu Yun: Zi Bing Cui Jiazhou, quite imitated, it can be said to be colder than water. The top grade. Zhang Yun: Zhang Cao Nengpin. Liang Comment: Like the Koreans fighting the waves, they are not ambitious but charming The spirit of self-sufficiency. Li Yun: Middle and low grade. Like a young man in Yingzhong who first entered the chariot of Beijing, even if he has the ability to argue, he can know it.)
  Yin Jun (Yu Yun: I am quite obsessed with my hobbies, but I finally have to follow them. The top grade.)
  Xie Lingyun (Yu Yun: Lower top grade. Zhang Yun: Li, Cao Miaopin. Li Yun: Middle and lower grade. Wang Yun: Xi Zi respects the top table, more than Zhongshu miscellaneous things. They all steal from the book and change the original version. Doubtful. At the beginning of Yongjia, Fang asked for it back. It is also an example to thank Taifu for his gift list.)
  Xie Zong (Wang Yun: Calligraphy is tight and clean, and Yang Xin is afraid of it. Calligraphy is powerful, and it is good to hate Shaomei.)
  Tao Hongjing (Tongming, Yin Jun. Yu Yun: middle and low grade. Li Yun: middle and middle grade. Get the essence of the book, like the beautiful scene of frost and sky, and the first strike of a falcon. Liang Wuyun: like Wu Xing's child, although the shape has not yet grown up, but the bones are sharp very.)
  Guo Bodao (Yu Yun: He bowed to the court and sealed his traces from afar.)
  Li Zhendong (Liang Wuyun: Like a hibiscus coming out of water, Wencai engraves gold.)
  Zuo Bo (Ziyi. Yu Yun: Divided Liang Han. Zhongzhongpin.)
  Zhang Pengzu (Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Zhang Yun: Li Nengpin.)
  Ren Jing (Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin.)
  Wei Chang (Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Stylistic inscription column. Zhang Yun: Ancient prose and seal script.)
  Zhang Yong (Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin.)
  Fan Huaiyue (Liang Wuyun: The real book is powerful but the cursive work is useless. Yu Yun: The middle grade. Zhang and Fan are both beautiful in the southeast.)
  Wu Xiushang (Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Liang Wuyun: Like the father of Xinting, once he went there, he was like the common language of Yangzhou, and the language was born.)
  Shi Fangtai (Yu Yun: Shi and Wu Ye were outstanding in the same year. Mid-level.)
  Kang Xin (Yu Yun: middle and low grade. Zhang Yun: middle and middle grade. Ingenious, precise and diligent, with the style of Han Fei Yingnong. Wang Yun: learning from the right army also wants to be confused with the real one. I tried to make a book of the right army with a Taoist in Nanzhou. )
  Wang Chongsu (Yu Yun: middle and lower grade. Li Yun: lower middle grade.)
  Zhang Zhao (Zhu Dan, Xu Xixiu, Liu Hui, Yu Yun: All of the above are low-grade.)
  Wang Zhijing (Zhang Yun: Running grass can be good. Li Yun: Middle and middle grade. Broken jade and gold, a lone crane among the clouds.)
  Qiu Daohu (Wang Yun: I received the formula from Zijing, but in front of Yang Xin. Li Yun: The absurdity is high-grade, but the trace is flashy. Middle-grade.)
  Xu Wenjing (Zhang Yun: True Seventh. Li Yun: Zhongzhongpin.)
  Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty (Liu Yilong. Yu Yun: Middle and low grade. Zhang Yun: Li, Xingcao wonderful grade. Li Yun: Youzi respects the character, super vertical and messy, and the beauty is beautiful. Middle and low grade. Tang Comment: Like leaves wrapped in red flowers, The day is between the clouds. Wang Yun: The emperor himself said that he would not reduce the joy of the sheep, but at the time it was said that nature was better than the joy of the sheep. It was too late.)
  Wang Sengqian (Yu Yun: Xiongfa Qi Dynasty. The top grade. Liang commented: Just like the children of Wang Xie's family, if they are not correct, Yiyi and Yiyi have a kind of atmosphere. Emperor Wen of Song Dynasty asked: "Which is better between Zhenshu and Qingshu?" Sengqian Said: The emperor is the first among the emperors, and the first among the ministers and ministers. Shang laughed and said: You can be said to be good at self-seeking.)
  Xiao Ziyun (Zhang Yun: Li, Feibai Miaopin, Xiaozhuan, Zhang, and Xing are all capable. Liang Comment: Like a dangerous peak blocking the sun, a lonely pine branch. Jing Ke carries a sword, and a strong man bends his bow. A hunter shoots a tiger with a fierce heart and a sharp edge Difficult. Comments from the Tang Dynasty: Like Lin Chunhua, looking far and near, everywhere.)
  Zhiyong (Li, Cao, and Zhang are all wonderful products, capable of doing things. Li Yun: He is very skilled, but he has no strange appearance. He is of middle quality. The seventh generation grandson of Wang Yishao, who passed down the family law wonderfully, lives in Yongxin Temple in Wuxing , put the big bamboo scorpion with more than one stone in the back of the pen, and the five scorpions are all full, the pen tomb of the scorpion. Those who seek books are like a market, and the households are limited to piercing holes, and they are wrapped with iron leaves. People call it the iron threshold. .)
  Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty (Li Shimin. He liked Xi's book and learned it from Yu Shinan. He tasted that Ge's foot was useless, and he wrote the word "Jian" by chance, so he emptied it and ordered Shi Nan to use it to show Wei Zheng. Nanhou is very good at Feibai. He is a scholar of Yanxue in Hongwenguan.)
  Yuanchang (King of Han. Zhang Yun: Xing Neng grade. Li Yun: Middle and top grade. Received a formula with Taizong and Chu Suiliang in Shiling.)
  Yu Shinan (Bo Shi. A native of Yuyao. He got calligraphy from wisdom fruit. Taste the marrow of the brush. Zhang Yun: Li, cursive wonderful grade. Li Yun: Upper and lower grade. Xiao scattered and unrestrained, real grass only lives, like Luo Qijiaochun, He Hong plays marsh. Comments from the Tang Dynasty: The body is charming and the manners are extraordinary. The ability is more capable, and the subtlety is even better.)
  Ouyang Xun (Xinben. A native of Linxiang. After studying Xi's book, he became strong and thin, and formed a family of his own. The advocates thought that there is a way of dedication. Since Yang Xin and Bo Shao, he is incomparable. Du Zhiyong holds soldiers and is refined, Desire to attack each other. While inquiring fiercely, Zhiyong also avoided the front. Inquiring saw the stele written by Suo Jing, spit it away at the beginning, and then revisited it. At the beginning, he realized its beauty and lay down for three days. In his later years, his writing skills were particularly vigorous. Zhang Yun: Li, Xing, Feibai, and Cao are all excellent grades, big and small seal script, and Zhang Neng grade. Li Yun: Upper and lower grades. Like a flood in a drought, a greedy rabbit walking a hole, and less hate in the strokes. Yu Juanle and Feibai are like Spears in the arsenal, majestic swords. Comments from the Tang Dynasty: Like a diamond with angry eyes, a strongman swings his fists. Song Chen Jingyuan said: The world knows its square body, but no one knows its roundness.)
  Chu Suiliang (Dengshan. Zhang Yun: Lixing is a wonderful product. Li Yun: Upper and lower grades. He is also a master when he writes about the right army. Rich and colorful carvings are popular today, but he hates the lack of natural, refined and diligent ears. Tang Dynasty Comments: The words are golden, the lines are smooth, the rules are gentle and elegant, and they are beautiful.)
  Xue Ji (Zhang Yun: Nengpin. Tang commentary: more attacks on Chu style, the meaning is also novel. Another cloud: the wind shocks the garden flowers, and the snow presses the mountain cypresses.)
  Zhang Congshen (Tang commentary: He is good at far and near, and he is alone outside the river.)
  Li Yangbing (Shaowen. Also known as Chao. Taste the theory of brushwork, saying that from the heaven, earth, mountains and rivers, you can get the shape of the square, circle, flow, and verticality, from the sun, the moon, and the stars, you can get the degree of longitude and latitude. The emotional state, as detailed as joy, anger, comfort and misery, are all recorded. Tang comment: If the ancient hairpin relies on things, there are ten thousand men, and after Li Si, there is only one person.)
  Zhang Xu (Tang Commentary: Standing upright, surpassing the past and the present.)
  Yan Zhenqing (Qingchen. Tang comment: the sharp edge is destroyed by the sword, and the flying momentum is shocked. Lu Yu said: Xu officials do not accept the brushwork of the right army, but the style of calligraphy is like that of the right army. Yan Taibao accepts the brushwork of the right army, but the stippling is not similar. Gai Xu got the skin, eyes and nose of You Jun, so it looks like it, Yan got the muscles, bones, heart and lungs of You Jun, so it doesn't look like it.)
  Shi Huai Su (Commentary of the Tang Dynasty: Turn on the electricity with a pen, and everything changes at your fingertips. The wine is prosperous, and the clothes and utensils on the wall are full of books. There is no paper, and more than 10,000 plantains are planted for swaying. Not enough books, but paint a plate of books Therefore, the book is written again and again, and the plate and board are all worn. Su Bozu Huirong was good at learning Ouyang Xun's book, and the world can't tell it. Even in the village, he is called a big money, and his teacher is a small money. Try to learn from Jin Wubing Cao Qian Tang Wutong.)
  Li Yong (Taihe. Jiangdu native. Tang Commentary: Huayue three peaks, Yellow River nine bends. Yong started to learn, changed the way of the right army, stood up and down, got it well, recovered it to get rid of the old habits, and had a new style of writing. Li Yangbing called it the book Zhongxian hand. Both literature and Han are more important than the time. At that time, the gold and silk were used to ask for books, and they received a huge amount of money. It has never been so prosperous since ancient times.)
  Liu Gongquan (sincerely hangs. Mu Zong asked why the brushwork is perfect, and said to him: When the heart is upright, the heart is upright, and the pen is upright. If you change your appearance, you know that you can use your pen to remonstrate. Gongquan first learned Wang Shu, read modern brushwork, and became a family of his own. At that time, the inscriptions on the steles of Gongqing’s family were considered unfilial. Foreign barbarians paid tribute, and they all bought willow books. The Diamond Sutra stele at Ximing Temple in Shangdu was particularly proud.)
  He Zeng (Zhang Yun: Cao Neng Pin.)
  Yang Hu (Uncle. Yu Yun: Xia Shangpin.)
  Emperor Jin Yuan (Rui, Jing Wen. Yu Yun: Xia Shangpin.)
  Wang Tian (Jingyu. Zhang Yun: Li Nengpin.)
  Wang Qia (Jinghe.)
  Wang Hui (respected text.)
  Wang Xiu (Jingren. Yu Yun: Zhongzhongpin. Zhang Yun: Li Xingju capable.)
  Wang Xun (Yuan Lin. Son of Qia, brother of Min.)
  Wang Meng (Zhong Zu. Zhang Yun: Grass Nengpin. Li Yun: Lower Middle Grade. Wang Yun: Upper Comparable to Yu Yi.)
  Zhang Chang (Zhang Yun: ancient prose can be used.)
  Zhang Cheng (Wang Yun: I also had intentions at the time.)
  Wang Po (Wei Yuan. Li Yun: inferior top grade. Zhang Yun: capable product. Liang Wuyun: deep in meaning and shallow in workmanship, it’s still not perfect.)
  Zhang Hong (Zhang Yun: Xiaozhuan Nengpin, Feibai Miaopin.)
  Fan Ye (Wei Zong. Yu Yun: Upper and lower grades. Zhang Yun: Xiaozhuan, Cao Neng grade. Li Yun: Lower middle grade. Like a scholar of coldness, you should not abandon it. Wang Yun: Yang Xin, the same teacher as Xiao Sihua, Betrayed later, lost pace.)
  Xiao Sihua (Yu Yun: the lower top grade. Zhang Yun: the grass can be used. Li Yun: the lower middle grade. Like a recluse husband, sometimes you can pick it up. Wang Yun: Quanfa Yangxin, romantic and interesting, it will never diminish , but the single-handedness hates the weak.)
  Xie Tiao (Xuanhui. Yu Yun: Middle and low grade. Zhang Yun: Grass Nengpin. Li Yun: Create the modern rhyme. The low grade.)
  Xie Jing (Xie Fu, Wang Yun: If you are good at writing scriptures, you can also enter the country.)
  Jiang Xu (Liang Xuan and Yu Yun: Shangxiapin.)
  Wei Xiu (Zhong Yu, Xiang Tai, Yang , a person who knows Taoism)
  Yu Qianlou (Song Bing, Fei Yuanyao, Sun Fengbo, Yang Jing)
  Zhuge Rong (Yu Yun above: the next grade.)
  Zhu Lingshi (Yu Jingxiu, Chu Yuanming, Kong Jingtong, Wang Ji, Wenhai. Yu Yun: All of the above are of high quality.)
  Wei Xuan (Li Yun, Chen Ji, Fu Tingjian, Zhang Shao, Yin Guang, Wei Xiong, Zhang Chang, Cao Ren, Song Jia, Pei Miao, Yang Gu, Mrs. Fu, Pi Luxun, Xie Hui, Kong Lu, Yan Baoguang, Zhou Renhao, Zhang Xintai, Zhang Chi)
  Seng Yue Taoist (Fa Gao Taoist is several people on the right, Yu commented: five flavors are harmonious, five colors are colorful, and the engravings are not special. Everyone writes, rather than chasing the sound, the relics are precious, and the remaining fragrance can be broken. Cheng Nai drives side by side and does not catch the vanguard. But the back palace of Zhongquan, each has its own beauty. Yun is inferior.)
  Xu Gan (Xu Lingwen, Wang Yin, Zhang Yun: Cao Neng Pin.)
  Yan Qian (Liang Wuyun: Like the fruit of a poor family, it’s okay to be cute, and it’s rare to be ashamed.)
  Wang Binzhi.
  Liu Yun (Liang's commentary: The outline is vertical and horizontal, the general idea is extraordinary, but the moral style is not prepared.)
  Xu Huainan (Liang's Commentary: For example, Nangang scholar-officials, who follow the trend of fashion, are inevitably cold and begging.)
  Zhang Si (Liang Yun: If a debater is confronting Yang, if he speaks alone but does not reply, he will have a psychological understanding.)
  Qi Gaodi (word Shaobo. Yu Yun: lower top grade. Li Yun: middle and lower grade. Zhang Yun: grass can be graded.)
  Liu Min (Li Yun: Decadent waves go to the gullies, raging waves fight for the flow.)
  Xiao Te (Liang's comment: Although there is a family tradition but the wind is weak, it is like Xi and Xian, and Ande is similar.)
  Yu Jianwu (Zhang Yun: Li, Cao Nengpin. Li Yun: Xia Shangpin. Liang Ping: Fear of restraint, self-sufficiency, and lack of efficiency. Go to Xiao and Cai Yuan.)
  Yuan Song (Li Yun: Xia Shangpin. Liang Ping: Like a Taoist priest deep in the mountains, he wants to shrink back when he sees people.)
  Emperor Wu of Liang (Zhang Yun: Grass Energy Grade. Li Yun: Lower Grade.)
  Emperor Jian Wen of Liang (Li Yun: Lower middle grade.)
  Emperor Liang Yuan (Emperor Chen Wen, Chu Yuan, Shen Junli, Zhang Zhengjian, Li Yun: You Shujun is also called pen writing, with many kinds of effects, like a single green branch in a dry forest, and a lonely branch of stones. It is inferior. Yu Zhongyan returned Light and brisk, practicing Qianqian and powerful, filial piety first and romantic, Junli Fangda.)
  Zhiguo (Zhang Yun: Li, Xingcao, Zhang Nengpin.)
  Xiao Lun (Li Yun: The next grade.)
  Dendrobium Yanming (Li Yun: There is a reason for the style of writing. Next to the top grade.)
  Fang Yanqian (Zhang Dayin and Li Yun: Fang Sili and Zhang Yizhou participated in the body of Xiaoling. The lower grade.)
  Yin Lingming (Li Yun: Xia Shangpin. Good at naming columns.)
  Lin Jingwen (Li Yun: The next top grade. Zhengzhen is very fresh and clean, and there are rules.)
  Qian Yi (Li Yun: Xia Shangpin. Xiaozhuan and Feibai express admiration and beauty, and Taizong valued them.)
  Liu Ti (Wang Yan, Zhou Yong, Yu Chuo, Li Yun: Liu Huang's family falls in the wind, Wang Zhongyu's strange stone is the path, Yan Lun's meaning is very high, his track is small and sharp, Yu Chuo's sharpness is sharp, and he is a low-grade.)
  Wei Zheng (Xuan Cheng. Yu Yun: The next top grade.)
  Xu Hao (Ji Hai. Comments from the Tang Dynasty: solid and proficient, there is no difference. Huang Lu Zhiyun: Tang Ziyu and Chu Hou were able to prepare the eight dharmas, Xu Kuaiji and Yan Taishi ears. However, Kuaiji is more fleshy, and Taishi is more bone It is also said: In the old days, when people looked at the theory of anger and appearance, and the theory of rushing to the spring, I was at a loss and didn't know what to say. I saw it in Ji Hai's book.)
  Fang Xuanling (Li Yun: The glyphs hold the quality. Another cloud: Double mallards on the sea.)
  Lu Jianzhi (his books are like horses, but people don't care about them. Zhang Yun: Li and Xing are wonderful, and Zhang cursive script is good. Learning from Yu cursive style, the brush is blue. Tang comment: It seems to be impressive, vaguely imitated. )
  Wu Tong (Commentary from Tang Dynasty: Jackdaws live in the forest, Pinggang walks with rabbits.)
  Lu Zangyong (Zhang Yun: Xing, Li, and Cao Nengpin. Tang Commentary: Lu Runyan flowers, smoke condenses and repairs bamboo.)
  Pei Xingjian (Wang Chenglie, Gao Zhengchen, Zhang Yun: Li, Cao, Xingnengpin.)
  Fu Xuan (Zhang Yun: Li Nengpin.)
  Yang Zhao (Zhang Yun: Li, Cao Nengpin.)
  Shi Chongjian
  Cai Yinqiu (The following ancient quality is free, and it is a family of its own.)
  Han Zemu (The tortoises open the leaves, and the birds scatter in Fangzhou.)
  Liang Shengqing (Shocking waves come and go, but the boulder stops.)
  Zhang Tinggui (Ancient wood collapses into sand, leisurely flowers reflect bamboo.)
  Shi Weize (The geese's feet print on the sand, and the fish leaps into the abyss. The four people on the right are all good at eight points.)
  Sun Guoting (Li and Xingcao can be used. The Danya is unstoppable, and the brushwork is firm.)
  Zhang Huaiguan (followed by Zhangcao, with a lot of business.)
  Shi Lin (Yiqi Xiongzhen, aloof and out of the ordinary.)
  Liang Geng (Scattered fish writing, vertical and horizontal bird tracks.)
  Zhang Fen (The lone pine shrugs, and the weak grass hangs down.)
  Fang Guang (Winful and beautiful, the spring warbler wants to be a demon.)
  Shen Yi (The heron peeks at the fish in spring, and the snake goes to its lair in autumn.)
  Zhang Biao (The solitary peak is cut out, and the hidden tendons are exposed.)
  Lu Zeng (Shocking waves, deep water dragon diving.)
  Mrs. Huan (like a fast horse entering the battle, bend and stretch to follow others.)
  Fu Yu (Xiang Yu pulls out his spear, Jing Ke holds the halberd.)
  Wang Shaozong (Fluent in writing, fast and healthy, difficult to formulate, familiar with it becomes more beautiful.)
  Cheng Guang (The swan plays its wings and soars.)
  Zhang Yue (Lotus out of the water, bright moon in the sky. Fog clears the golden peak, cloud lowers the Yuling.)
  Xiao Cheng (Dancing cranes meet each other, and the ape soars in the sky.)
  Wei Zhi (Insects penetrate ancient trees, birds tread on flower branches.)
  Song Dan (Late spring flowers bloom, spring willow branches are low.)
  Shen Qianyun (Hungry eagle kills heart, endures exhaustion.)
  Guan Cao (Yuanyue Shenzhu, dew flowers Zhuojin.)
  Zheng Qian (from a poor family, he picked up persimmon leaves at Qinglong Temple to study books. Comments say: like the wind sends the clouds to harvest, the rosy clouds urge the moon to rise.)
  Li Qi (The hanging vines are on the ground, the dead trees are like broken.)
  Wu Yu (The font is thick and dense, thank you back then.)
  Lai Wenya (Teng the sand and fog, turn the waves and raise the gulls.)
  He Zhizhang (The pen is flying like a fly, drinking inexhaustibly.)
  He Changyi (Zi Jing Yubo, can be played at any time.)
  Song Zhiwen (The nature is outstanding, but the merit is not deep.)
  Li Qing (Changed from Yi, replaced by Si people.)
  Xuanwu (Unrivaled in character, far ahead of his time.)
  Zhan Ran (After Ziyun, it is difficult to compare.)
  The key words of calligraphy compilation: Since the Qingli period, Wei Junmo has kept his gods, Meishan and Yuzhang have been swept away, and Mi, Xue, and Ercai have brought out novelties. Although they are all inherited from their ancestors, the ancient customs have disappeared. After crossing to the south, Siling has gathered all the beauties, his muscles and strength are too graceful, Wu Fu Penggui imitated Sun Guoting, his charm hurts his beauty, Jiang Yaozhang's degreasing powder, washed away the dust and vulgarity, like a hermit from a mountain, it is difficult to climb a temple.
  The collections and comments on the right are all based on the theories of the ancients, starting from Cangjie and ending in the Tang Dynasty.
  Stone Drum Ten (Book of Shi Gu. It is now in the Confucian Temple in Beijing. The words contained in Xue Shang’s exercises are complete in the authentic version, and Zheng Qiao’s voice is not credible.)
  Yanling Gentleman Monument (in Zhenjiang. People call it Confucius Book. The text says: Woohoo, there is the tomb of Wu Yanling Junzi. The ancient post on the case only says that there is only Wujunzi. The seal method is ancient. Today, this monument has added the word "Yanling Tomb" in vain. , except for the characters of Zhi, the three characters are Chinese seal characters, which do not match the first six characters, and are borrowed from the master to deceive the ears of future generations. And because the gentleman is the son of the season, half of the characters of Xijun in Shujun in Han Dynasty are exactly the same as the character of Jun. , there are Chinese seal characters in Bigan's tomb, and this method is also used.)
  Cursing Chu Wen (There are three types: Wuxian, Dashen Jiuqiu, and Yatuo, all of which have the same speech. It is the pre-Qin writing that was faked by later generations. Compared with the ancient artifacts of the pre-Qin period, they are completely different.)
  Taishan Monument (Book by Li Si. The stones are all peeled off, but only one side of the second emperor's edict remains.)
  Yishan Stele (Book by Li Si. The straight one is true, the one lying down is 80, and there is a new engraving of Youmi.)
  Qin Wangshan Monument (Book by Li Si. In Kuaiji, not available today.)
  Stele of Zhang Pingzi (Cui Yuan's seal script is mostly used in official script, which is not suitable for writing, but it can be used in seals. It is all due to the script script of Han Dynasty.)
  Xu Shen Shuo Wen (fifteen volumes, the finalized version by Xu Xuan. The beginning, the end, and the end are correct, and the rhymes are not ancient.)
  Cangjie Fifteen Chapters (that is to say, the bibliography is five hundred and forty words, Xu's division is the first of each part. Many people don't know it, so it is said to have been destroyed for a long time. How could the origin of this word not exist. Later generations combined the wording into fourteen volumes, Listed in the preface of the fifty-volume book, one does not expect it to exist.)
  Xinquanming (Li Yangbing's book is the best.)
  Biluo Stele (in Jiangzhou. Although there are too many characters, it is illegal, but the layout is beautiful and magnificent, and it has its own air. It should be viewed from the Tang stele.)
  The ancient three tomb books (is a fake book. The words are vulgar, and the calligraphy is not ancient. There are no characters in the Shangshu, but this book has them. The characters must be combined with eight Yi, and this one is added from the heart. 辵, this is a word made according to the custom .There are many fallacies.)
  Guwen Shangshu (It is compiled by Xia Songyun for those who do not know seal script by later generations, which is not in line with ancient times.)
  The Classic of Filial Piety in Ancient Texts (there is a great absurdity in it. Later generations want to be ancient, and it is integrated with ancient characters. The viewer should choose the characters.)
  Quan Zhi (there are some spring texts, those who are close to Taoism can be widely seen and heard. There are some falsely made Sanhuang coins and Yu coins, which are not credible. The word swastika is called Wanzi, and it is an ancient coin. If you don’t see this book, you will never know.)
  Liu Shu Gu (Dai Tong compiled this book in Zhong Dingwen, those who don’t know like it, all of its characters have ancient characters. The shape of ancient characters and modern characters are messy and impossible. Zhong Ding can’t have all of them, but it is full of small seal script, or one character and two methods.The sound of 睘, plus 宀 is Huan, Naiyin is official,Words do not follow the inch of wood, but today it is written that this is a village, and words such as pounds, shovels, saws, urine and excrement are all written in Zhongdingwen according to the custom. Each has detailed annotations, and the explanation of the word egg is especially indecent. The first compilation is based on the order of categories, and the ancient method has been swept away. )
  Xue Shanggong's Inscriptions on Knowing the Method (Twenty volumes. The stele is in Jiangzhou, and there is a reprinted version in Shu. The character is fat, and there is an extra tripod later.)
  Xue Shanggong emphasizes Guangzhong Dingyun (seven volumes. In the Jiangzhou edition, one volume is pictographic and strange characters, one volume is the name of utensils, and five volumes are rhymes.)
  Wang Chuzhong Dingyun (two volumes. The Hengzhou version has few characters, and it is published before the Xue characters.)
  Stele with rhyme left over from the Stone Classic
  Xu Kai's Tongshi (forty volumes. When referring to the beginning and end of Xu's version, it is divided into six volumes for details, and the last volume argues for Yang Bing's error.)
  Zhang Youfu Chapter (contains ancient and modern different characters, it cannot be said that there are too few characters.)
  Zhang You's Pentatonic Rhyme Spectrum (Five volumes. Correct.)
  Four Tone Rhymes of Xia Song's Ancient Prose (Five volumes. The orderly and full title is the best. There are other monks' reprints. There are too many characters without evidence, and they don't match the inscriptions, so they are not available.)
  Gao's Wushu Rhyme (Five volumes. Seal, Li, Zhen, Xing, and Cao are all available, which can help beginners, but there are differences.)
  Lin Han's Pianpang Novels (three volumes. The words and official scripts are similar to the seal script, so they can be adopted by themselves, but there are a few sayings that are inconsistent with the words, but it is Yang Bing's reform method, which means that the words are written in the same way., Ba character has been added dots and so on. )
  Continued Qianwen (Although Ge Gangzheng is close to others, his handwriting is excellent. There are two continuation versions that are indispensable, and some fake copies are not good.)
  Etymology of Han Li (six volumes. The calligraphy is the best. The Hong family has a stele in front of it.)
  Li Yun (two volumes. Minzhong engraved version has poor font.)
  Inscription Li Yun (ten volumes. Edited by Liu Qiu, and one volume outside Ji Yuan.)
  Li Shi (twenty-seven volumes. Continuation of ten volumes of the Li Continuation, collectively made into one part. All Han stele interpretations. The Li Continuation draws various stele shapes and tomb wall portraits. Most of the steles are gui heads or wat heads, with hanging rainbows on them, or The inscription is remote, and the painting is like a shadow and dark.)
  Zuo Shu (Gusu Yan's version, too many characters to read.)
  Xiaotang Collection Ancient Records (100 papers, also collected by Wang Qiu. There are dozens of ancient seals, one of which is called Xia Yu, which is the seal of Han witches who are tired of flood disasters, and the word "Shui Peiyu" has been handed down from generation to generation. I know. There is another seal saying that the pronunciation of Confucius was wrong, and it is the word Sun Zi. There is also an inscription on the tomb of Teng Gong, which is written in two characters, and it is peeled off. However, the ancient method of research, the overlapping characters are only two small paintings attached to it. In the Qin Dynasty, the doctor still only added two small paintings with the word "husband", let alone the superimposed text? There is no doubt that it is fake.)
  ──You Ancient Chinese Seal and Li
  Liming Kejie Announcement Post Zhong Yao
  Le Yi Hua Zan Huang Ting Shuang Han Wang Xizhi
  Luo Shenfu Wang Xizhi
  Cao E Legacy Teaching Stele of Uncle Yang Six Dynasties
  Crane Old Pavilion Altar Tao Hongjing
  Thousand-Character Essay (Zhi Yongshu. Emperor Wu of Liang got Xi's Thousand-Character, followed by Zhou Xingsi. Since then, calligraphers have always regarded it as a lesson. Zhiyong has written 800 books, saying that if you use the Thousand-Character Sutra with your heart, your hands will respond automatically, and your hands will be harmonious. The experience can be used to enter the Tao.)
  Confucius Temple (Yu Shinan)
  Liquan Huadu Yu Gonggong Monument of Huangfu Ouyang Xun
  Book of Lamentation Holy Teaching Chu Suiliang
  Lang Guan Zhang Xu
  Magu Altar Free Life Pond Song of Zhongxing Yan Zhenqing
  Tuo Luoni Liu Gongquan
  ──You Zhenshu
  Bing She Wu Ren Lei Dun Xue Han Chang Feng Zhong Yao
  Lanting Extreme Cold Poisonous Heat Ciyin Official Slave Wanxue Laiqin Bongju Kuaixue Xizhi
  Rehmannia end of the year Weijun aunt Goose group end of the year Summer devotion to love Tianbao Wu Xing Shanyin Huangmen Dongjia Zhuansheng Passing each other Goose returns touching things Summer festival Hate deep Tragacanth Shiren Respect the body and dedicate it within a month
  August 5th (Xie An)
  Withered Tree Fu Xingshuang (Chu Suiliang)
  Yuelu Sala Tree Yunhui Donglin Temple (Li Yong)
  Monument to Mr. Xuan Jing (Zhang Congshen)
  ──Right running script
  Seventeen Posts (Xizhi)
  Qian Wen (Zhang Xu)
  Self-narration Thousand Characters (Huai Su)
  ──right cursive script
  All of the above should be considered together, and those who must be investigated. If you want to be famous, the Expo is especially valuable.
  Jiang Yaozhang's comment on Jiang Tie, the review is profound and wonderful.
  Examination of the post by Yaozhang
  Fate Pedigree
  Han Mo Zhi
  Fatie Mistakes Yuan Chapter Book History

Volume 2 Etymology

  Now that the books are published, the way of calligraphy is still in progress. We know that the beginning of writing is not special Cangjie, and the authors of later generations will increase or decrease it according to the time. However, the writings of all countries in the universe are different, and their origins cannot be explained in detail. Tasting Zhu Dian said: "The three masters who made books are called Fan, Jialu, and Cangjie. The Brahma, the Light Sound, and the Heavenly Man, passed on the book of Brahma to India, and the book went to the right. Jialu created his books in the Western Regions, and his books are written on the left side, all of which are formed by phonetic rhythms, and all the books of the Tibetans have changed. Ji Cangjie lived in the middle of the Xia Dynasty, and his writing was written in the form of various objects, and the shape and sound complement each other to form characters. I don't know what the basis is for what he said. Therefore, it can be concluded that in the west, sound is the mother, and in China, the text is the foundation. The customs and phonetics of various countries are different, and the characters are also different. Tracing back to the source, the method seems to be no more than these three. Alas, a book is made to contain words, because words express meaning, if the meaning matches, the words will be forgotten, and false words are passed on, but the book is not a law. The most ancient people made it according to their customs and customs. Although things come from different sources, they pass on the same truth. The ancient and the modern have changed, but the quality of the flowers is always the same, and the husband can't match it with manpower. Today, the purpose of Hua Fan's creation book is listed in this article.
  Paoxi, the king of the world, looks up at the sky, looks at the sky when looking down, and observes the law on the ground when looking down. He looks at the direction of birds and beasts, and the appropriateness of the land. constitutional image. And Shennong's knotting rope is the rule, to unify the affairs, and the complicated decoration is cute, it is easy to use the contract, all the workers are righteous, and the people are inspected, and the cover is taken. From the founding of Cangjie to the reign of the Five Emperors and Three Kings, there have been seventy and two generations of those who have been entrusted to Mount Tai, and there are many similarities. There are always six meanings in his book: one is to refer to things, you can know it when you look at it, you can see it when you look at it, and it goes up and down. Up is up, down is down. The second is pictograms, which can be drawn into objects, which can be distorted according to the body, such as the sun and the moon. When the sun is full and the moon is weak, it follows its shape. The third is Harmony, which uses things as the name, and takes examples to complement each other, just like rivers and rivers. It takes the shape of the class and is accompanied by the sound. The fourth is understanding, comparing analogies with righteousness, so as to see the command, Wu Xin is also the same. Stop fighting and become martial, and what people say is faith. On the fifth day, transfer notes, build a poem, agree to accept it, and pass the exam. Take the test by old age. The sixth is borrowing under the pretense, there is nothing to do at all, relying on the voice to rely on the word, the commander is also true. Several words have the same word, although their sounds are different, the meaning of the text is the same. By the time of King Xuan of the Zhou Dynasty, Tai Shizheng had written ten chapters in seal script, each of which was different from the ancient ones. As far as the Six Classics written by Confucius and Zuo Qiuming's biography of the Spring and Autumn Period, they are all in ancient Chinese. Afterwards, the feudal lords did not rule under the king, and were divided into six countries with different systems. At the beginning of Qin Shihuang's annexation of the world, Prime Minister Li Si Nai played the same, let alone those who did not cooperate with Qin Wen. Si wrote the chapter on Cangjie, Zhao Gao from the CRRC Mansion wrote the chapter on Yuanli, and Tai Shi ordered Hu Wujing to write the chapter on erudition. As for burning books and burying Confucianism, classics and mosques were exhausted, work and prisons were complicated, and official contracts were changed, and ancient prose was thus extinct. At that time, there were eight styles: one was called the big seal script, the other was called the small seal script, the third was called the engraved talisman, and the fourth was called the worm script, which is the bird script, and the letter was written by the letter. The fifth is imitation and seal, the sixth is official script, and the seventh is Shu script, which is written along with Shu style and eight goblets. The eighth is the official script. Wei Heng said: During the reign of Wang Mang, Zhen Feng determined the ancient prose, and there are six kinds: one is the ancient prose, which is also written on the wall of Confucius. The second is the strange characters, that is, the ancient characters are different. The third is seal script, so is Qin seal script. The fourth is Zuoshu, that is, official script. The fifth is Miao Shu, so it is copied and printed. The sixth is the bird book, so the letter of the book is also believed.
  Zhang Huaiguan's "Ten Body Books" (each attached to the theory of various schools)
  The ancient text was created by the Yellow Emperor Shi Cangjie. Jie's four eyes can penetrate the gods, look up at the round and curved shape of Kui Xing, and look down at the appearance of tortoise script and bird tracks. Husband's writing is generally speaking, and the meaning is based on name and matter, and the division is righteous, so the writing is for the grandfather, and the writing is for the descendants. Get it naturally, prepare its literary theory, and the pictographic attributes are called literary. Therefore, it grows and grows, mother and child give birth to each other, and the genus of phonetic and knowing is called the word. Words, words and milk soaked too much. The title of bamboo and silk is called the book. Writers, Ru Ye, Shu Ye, Writers, Records. Know all things, remember the past and know the future, famous sayings are nothing, and dominate the crowd. It has been used salty for three generations. Qin used Xiaozhuan to burn the first scriptures, and the ancient prose is absolutely dead. During the Han Dynasty, Dr. Fu Sheng presented ancient Chinese books. At that time, Duke Dou, the Duke of Wen, Marquis of Wei Dynasty, was 280 years old, and presented a book of ancient literature and music. During Emperor Wu's reign, King Lu Gong destroyed Confucius' house, and found books such as the Book of Filial Piety and Shangshu on the wall. During Emperor Xuan's reign, a woman from Henan destroyed Lao Tzu's house and obtained two pieces of ancient prose. In the fifth year of Xianning in the Jin Dynasty, people from Jijun stole the tomb of King Wei Anli, and obtained more than a thousand words of books. His books have changed over time. During the reign of King You of Zhou, there were some writers who were proficient in ancient prose, and there are many of them in Jizhong books today. The stone inscription on Teng Gong's tomb is unknown, but Uncle Sun Tong said: This is also a book of scientific fighting. Academic fighters, that is, an alias in ancient times.
  An ancient article on Wu Yan Xue said: Ke Dou is the ancestor of learning characters, and it is shaped like a shrimp and toad, or the shape is cleverly drawn, which loses its original meaning. In ancient times, there was no brush and ink, and bamboo stiles were used to paint and write on bamboo wood. The bamboo was just greasy and the paint was greasy, so the painting could not be done, so the head was heavy and the tail was light, just like its ears.
  Great seal script, written by Zhou Shizhen, or the ancient script of the beginning of the history of Yunzhu, may be the same or different, so it is called seal script. The seal script is passed on, and its physics is passed on, and the application is endless. This is also the case with fifteen chapters in the history of Han art and literature. It is made by historians and used for teaching. It is called a history book, with nine thousand characters, Qin Zhaogao used it to teach Huhai. It is also true that Emperor Yuan of the Han Dynasty, Chen Zun, and Yan Yannian worked together in history books. Qin burned books and Yi, but the history is complete. Lu's Spring and Autumn Annals said: Cangjie made the big seal script. No.
  Xuegu Bian said: those who know the literature are also the literature of the princes' own country. In ancient times, the princes had different calligraphy styles, and Qin Shi had his own method. The world may recognize miscellaneous seal scripts with inscriptions. More than one article, Qi and Chu are not distinguished, and people don't know its absurdity. Studying seal script and reading ancient artifacts, the real inscriptions can recognize the simplicity and simplicity of middle and ancient characters, which can help others, and also know the unchanging wonders of pictograms, references, and understanding. If there is a lack of atmosphere in writing seal scripts, it is good because we have not tasted the ancients. Ruofu's imitation of writing is not as good as ancient times.
  The author of the essay is also written by Shi Zhen. Different from ancient Chinese and big seal characters, later generations named the book and called it Zhenwen. Qilue said: That is to say, the historians of the Zhou Dynasty taught children's books, which are different from the ancient script of Kongbi, that is, strange characters. Its traces are preserved in stone drum writing.
  Xuegu Bian said: Although Li Si wrote Xiaozhuan, he used Zhenwen as Dazhuan. The seal plaque is the best, so it is called the plaque. Xu Xuan said that no one can come without a veteran, and so does Shigu.
  Xiaozhuan was written by Qin Prime Minister Li Si. Addition and loss of big seal script and 籀wen are called Xiaozhuan, also known as Qin Zhuan. In the twentieth year of the first emperor's reign, he merged with the six kingdoms, and at that time he was a court captain, and he played against those who did not conform to the Qin language, so the world followed suit. Paintings are like iron and stone, and characters are like flying. It is not easy to be the ancestor of Kaili. Its inscription Zhong Ding and as a talisman festival are still in use today. Although Si was created at the beginning, he made it to the extreme.
  Xuegu Bian said: Han Zhuan script is changeable and ancient, so Xu's essays are written to save his mistakes. If you have to pass this first, then the writing is infallible. It should also be studied in general interpretation, but the characters are different from ancient to modern, and the text is quite extensive, so you should be familiar with the old-fashioned compilation first, and you will probably be able to do it.
  When learning seal script for the first time, stretch out the middle finger and two fingers of the empty hand to draw on the surface of the brush, so that you can use the brush with ease. The pen must be single-hooked, but the middle finger is stretched out to sandwich the lining, the square is round and straight, there is nothing wrong with it. There are many generations without a teacher's biography, so the characters are often slanted, and the momentum is inactive. If it is a large seal character, when the pen is hung on the empty wrist, the paper will not be alive when the wrist is on the paper. The paper tube palm as the author is not the work of a scholar-bureaucrat.
  Xiaozhuan is one, but each has its own style of writing. Li Sifang has a round outline, Yang Bing is round and lively, Xu Xuan is like a clerk without hanging feet, his characters are like a hairpin but slightly larger, Kai is like his brother, but his characters are like jade chopsticks with tiny ears. Cui Ziyu often uses the official method, which seems to be not proficient, but it has a Han meaning. Most of the Yang Bing is not the ancient method, and the cover is like Ziyu. The Xiaozhuan family likes to be long, but it can't be too much, but one and a half characters in Fangkai is the limit. One word is the orthodox style, and half the word is the hanging foot, isn't it beautiful. If it is not possible, the right foot should be the main one, and the rest can be slightly shortened like the flag foot. Words with lower or lower feet, such asThe words such as the above, but the upper branches come out, just like grass and trees are things, when they are upright, the upper branches will come out, and if they hang upside down, the lower branches will come out. When writing plaques, the calligraphy and painting should be fat, and the body should be round. The cover of the stele is the same, but Xiaozhuan is used as the main body, and miscellaneous characters are not used. The characters in the mouth cannot be filled, but it is like a word in a well, let it be empty, you can put a pen down, the square will not feel too big, and the circle should be slightly smaller than other characters, the mouth should not be round or square, just It's good to take charcoal as a model. Words such as 日目 must be smaller. Where there are one or two paintings in the seal script, such as Rimu, if the inner painting of the first character is not connected with the two sides, it will be the same in the future, the first and the last are the same. If it is accepted or not, which is different, it is illegal. Also use circles and dots, there is no such method in Xiaozhuan, but in ancient Chinese characters. Words cannot be made into triangles. All the ancient scripts of Zhong Ding are miscellaneous and useless, but they are written in small seal script, which is a natural method. Although this is easy to find, it is difficult to memorize miscellaneously. If you are not familiar with the method, it is like a patchwork of clothes, making people who know it laugh. This is the proper use of Yifa, and it can be abolished.
  The eighth score is also made by Qin Yuren Shanggu Wang Cizhong. Wang Yinyun: Ci Zhong used the ancient script Fang Guang Shao Bo Shi, and Jianjun Middle School used Li Cao as the regular script. Xiao Ziliang said: At the time of Emperor Ling, Wang Cizhong played the role of Bafen. Moreover, before Lingdi, there was not one person whose work was 80 percent, and Yun Fangguang was not a clerical script. Since he talked about ancient scripts, how can he be called a clerical script? If there are many prescriptions, then there are seals and seals, and the old ones are changed into prescriptions, so I don’t know what they are called. The Preface to the Immortals says: Wang Cizhong, a native of Shanggu, has few aspirations. The year is not weak, and the Cangjie book is now eight points. During the first emperor's time, there were many official affairs, so Zhongwen was very happy to be used for emergency treatment. When the envoys were not sent for three expeditions, the first emperor was furious, and he made a sill cart to send him off. On the Tao, he turned into a big bird, turned over and led, and fell to Erhe, which is now Dahe and Xiaohe Mountains. A temple is set up on the mountain to pray for floods and droughts. Cai Yongyun: Changing the ancient style at the beginning of the second Zhong Dynasty, that is, not imitating Cheng Miaoli. Half of the ancient form of Xiaozhuan is still there, and the eighth part has been reduced by half of the seal character, and the official script has been reduced by half of the eighth. This is called regular script, Kai, method, style, and model. Or Yunhou Han also had Wang Cizhong, who was the prefect of Shanggu. The initial system of Kaili was almost the same in general, so later generations were puzzled by it. At that time, people used to write chapters and decrees, which were also called articles of association. Therefore, Liang Hu said: Zhong Yao is also good at charter books. Moreover, the two kings are not good at eight points, but Weibo made it extremely good.
  Jue Yun: It is based on the seal method, and it is learned like a real book, but it is also changed into a falcon's tail and a double wave of hitting a stone. Wu Yanyun: Eight points, there is no challenger in the Han Li. Compared with Qin Li, it is easier to recognize, and compared with Han Li, it is slightly similar to seal script. If you use seal pen to make Han Li, you can get it. There is no difference between the eight points and the official number, so the law is said. It is also said: People in official script call it a suitable plaque, but they don't know that the plaque is not as good as it is. It is flat and hard like a folding knife, and it is the Han official script. Hong Shiyun: Fang Jin is ancient and clumsy, decisive and ready. The official law is quite deep, but I have its own outline.
  The clerical script was also created by Cheng Miao, a native of Xiabei in Qin Dynasty. Beginning as a jailer, he offended the first emperor, and was confined to Yunyang Prison. He pondered for ten years, and changed the size and size of the seal script to play the three thousand characters in the official script. The first emperor was good at it and used it as a censor. Because there are so many things to play, seal script is difficult to complete, so official characters are used. It is thought that the official script is the official script, so it is called the official script, and it is also called the Zuo script. The eighth part of the case is the victory of Xiaozhuan, and the eighth part of Li is also the victory. Chen Zunshan's book, later Zhong Yuanchang and Wang Yishao each made their own extremes.
  Xuanhe Shupu says: Someone found the coffin of Hu Gong, the sixth grandson of Qi Taigong, in the Linzi tomb. In the case of Hu Gong, the first emperor was more than 400 years old, why has there been a law? Could it be that the original script and the seal and official script were born together, and it was not practiced at the time? Ruo Mian, how do you know that this body should go up to solve the difficulty of Yunyang?
  The source of the word says: Li is divided into Qin and Han Dynasties. For Qin Li, Cheng Miao thought that there were so many documents and documents that it was difficult to use seal script, because reducing the seal script was a convenient method, so it was not a good idea. If the seal characters of the Chinese inscriptions are similar, it is not a scribe who chooses the law. That is to say, Qin Quanliang engraved characters, and most people in the world think that seal characters are wrong. Those who belonged to the Han Dynasty, the words on the Cai Yongshi Jing and the steles of the Han Dynasty are also the same. This body is the last to come out, and it has the same name as Qin Li, but it is actually different.
  Jiang Yaozhangyun: True books regard fairness and integrity as goodness. This secular theory is a mistake of the Tang people. The wonder of ancient and modern authentic books comes from Zhong Yuanchang, followed by Wang Xizhi. The books of the two families are all chic and vertical, how can they be fair? It is good for the people of the Tang Dynasty to judge scholars by writing, and the writing of scholar-bureaucrats is quite habitual in the imperial examination. Yan Lugong's writing of Ganlu is the proof. Ye Ou, Yu, Yan, and Liu looked at each other in front and back, so Tang people should follow the rules when writing, and they will not return to the elegant spirit of Jin and Wei.
  (Stealing that the real book has changed from the official book, but it is based on the layout of the situation and the color of the color. Huaiguan discussed the ten styles but the real book is not compatible. How can the official book be the real book? Therefore, the theory of the real book in Yaozhang is attached. .)
  For the chapters, Emperor Han and Yuan Shiyou made the chapters in a hurry, disbanded the official style and rough scripts, and the Chinese customs were simple and lazy, and they were gradually implemented. It has broken the official rules, let it run freely, and it is called cursive script because of the meaning of original creation. But the king can tell his subordinates. In the later Han Dynasty, King Liu Mu of Beihai was good at writing. To Jianjun Middle School, Du Du Shancao, known as Emperor Zhang. The traces are precious, and the cursive script is ordered to do things. Emperor Wen of Wei also ordered Liu Guangtong to serve. Because of Zhang Zou, later generations call it Zhang Cao. But Zhang Boying made it extremely good. Zhangcao is the victory of official script, and Cao is also the victory of Zhangcao.
  Jue Yun: Zhang Caocao has official characters, and the eight points are as strict as the real one, and it is also used for one stroke and two strokes.
  The running script was also written by Liu Desheng of Yingchuan in the later Han Dynasty. That is to say, there are fewer fakes in authentic books, and they should be simple and popular, so it is called running script. In the past, Zhong Yuan was always good at playing with books. Later, Xi, Xian, and created its extreme Yan. Xianzhi Taste Father Bai said: The ancient chapters and grasses cannot be grand and elegant, and they are different from the real body. body. Watching him soaring with smoke and fire will make him lose his spirit, and if he overwhelms the sea and dumps the river, he will lose his power. If the air is free and horizontal, Xie Xie is in Xian; Although the methods of each family are different, Zijing is the most powerful. Therefore, those who get it are first based on nature, and secondly based on function. But a good scholar is to learn from nature, and to seek it when it is different, and it does not take what seems to be the same, but each stands out for its own nature.
  Jue Yun: Keep writing without stopping, touch the paper without leaving it, lightly turn and then press again, like water flowing like clouds, without any interruption, it will last forever in business.
  Jiang Yaozhangyun: The running script of the Jin and Wei dynasties has its own body, which is different from grass, and it has been transformed into reality for luck. Grass comes from rules, and deeds come from truth. Although it is called running script, each has its own style, and even the sages of the Jin Dynasty are not far from each other. Lantingji and Youjun posts come first, followed by Xie An and Da Ling. Generally speaking, old pens are the most valuable, and if there are few mistakes, they can also shine. The precious and thick fibers come out, the blood is connected, the muscles and bones are old and healthy, the wind is free, and the posture is complete.
  Feibai was also made by Cai Yong, the Zuo Zhonglang of Han Dynasty. Wang Yin and Wang Yin also said: Feibai changed from regular script to inscriptions, and the Shijin characters should be slightly dissatisfied, so it is called Feibai. Wang Sengqian said: Feibai is the lightest eighth. All without saying a word. In the case of Emperor Xiping of Lingling, Cai Yong wrote the chapter of the Holy Emperor, and waited for the edict of Hongdu's disciples to modify it when he saw the servants. He used a chalk broom to form characters, and returned it as Feibai's book with joy. At the end of the Han Dynasty and the beginning of the Wei Dynasty, the palace palace was inscribed. Its style is as good as Bafen, and it is less than Xiaozhuan. It can be said that it is better than Ji Mingtong, and it is also a matter of ethereal gods. Later, Xi, Xian and create its extreme. According to Wei Hengzu, Feibai created Sanli, opened the Li style, slightly revealing its whiteness, restrained in Feibai, elegant and unrestrained in Lishu, and was in the middle of Jizhong. Emperor Wu of Liang said that Wang Xianzhi's book is white but not flying, and Xiao Ziyun's book is flying but not white. Hou Ziyun wrote it in seal script, which is elegant and in line with the emperor's intention. Later, Ouyang Xiu succeeded.
  Before cursive script, it started from cursive. Since Du Du was better than Zhang Cao, Cui Yuan and Cui Shi's father and son succeeded in this technique, Luo Hui and Zhao Xi also followed this technique, and became good friends with Zhang Zhi. The body of the characters is formed in one stroke, and occasionally the blood is continuous if it is not connected, and if it is connected, the climate is interlaced. But the prince respectfully understands its profound purpose. Therefore, the characters at the beginning of a line often follow the end of the previous line, and are called a stroke of calligraphy in the world, and the first word comes from Zhang Boying.
  Wei Heng said: Hanxing has cursive script, but I don't know the author's name. At the time of Emperor Zhang, Qi Chancellor Du Du was known as Shancao, and later there were Cui Yuan and Cui Shi, all of whom were also known as workers. Du's cursive writing is very stable but his calligraphy style is thin, while Cui's cursive writing is very good but his cursive writing is small and sparse. Zhang Boying of Hongnong was very skillful because of this, the clothes and silks of every family must be written and then practiced, not an inch of paper is left, Wei Zhong will call it the sage of grass. Boying's younger brother, Wen Shu, is the second Boying. There are Jiang Mengying, Liang Kongda, Tian Yanhe and Wei Zhongjiang's disciples, all of whom are disciples of Boying. They are famous all over the world, but they are not as famous as Wen Shuye.
  Jiang Yaozhang said: The body of the grass sage is like a person sitting, lying, walking and standing, bowing and fighting, riding a boat and leaping a horse, singing and dancing, dancing, all abnormal, not sloppy. Another one-character style, the rate is changeable, there is a response, and those who start in this way should respond in the same way, and each has its own meaning. Wang Youjun's Shuxi's characters are the most deep and comforting characters, and there is no difference between them, but they are not different. Anyone who learns cursive script should first learn from Zhangzhi, Huangxiang, Suojing and other chapters, so that the structure is flat and straight, and the writing is active. If you study all kinds of schools extensively, you will have clumsy handwriting and many mistakes in your brushwork. If you make a connection, you will break it, and if you want to break it, you will continue it. Wrong, but novelty. It has been like this since the Great Order, let alone this world. However, the rhyme is not high, although there are many memories, don't wash away the dust. If the wind spirit is scattered, it will be extraordinary. Before the Tang Dynasty, most of them were single grasses, but they were only two characters. Later generations connected them with several crosses and continued, and they were called Yousi. Although this originated from the ancients, it is not sufficient for the law, and it has become a serious disease. The ancients acted like grass, but now people act as truth, how can we live with it! The connecting part is especially the leading tape. Trying to test its characters, the stippling parts are all heavy, and the non-stippling parts are occasionally leading the tape, and the strokes are all light. Zhang Dian and Huai Su went to No. Ye Yi without losing this method. In modern times, the old man in the valley claimed to have obtained the Changsha samadhi, so the method of cursive script has changed again. It has flowed to this day and cannot be revisited.
  Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty said: Walking like a spring worm, every word is like a coiled autumn snake. Evil has no bones. Generally speaking, there are slow and urgent brushwork, some front and no front, some carry on the above text, some lead to the next word, suddenly slow and fast, and suddenly come back and forth. Slow to imitate the past, eager to surprise, with a front to show off its spirit, without a front to contain its scent, horizontal, oblique, curved and straight, hooks, rings, coils, all of them are based on momentum. However, if you don't want to be with each other, it is close to vulgarity. Horizontal paintings do not want to be too long, otherwise the conversion will be delayed. Don't want to make straight paintings too heavy, otherwise you will be insane. Use Na to replace 乀, use Fa to replace 辵 (that is, 辶), and 澵 also use Na to replace it, but 乀 is used occasionally. If the intention is exhausted, use a hanging needle, and if the intention is exhausted, the brushwork must be reproduced, instead of using the ear.
  Cursive script should not have clear horizontal and straight lines, and if there are too many horizontal lines and straight lines, it will be like a pile of reeds, without the air of desolation. It's good to come out every now and then.
  Cai Xi Zongyun: At the beginning of the pen, you must hide your front and turn your wrist. The front is slow and the back is anxious. The shape of the font is connected like a snake, and the meaning is unpredictable. Still must be simple, not expensive and complicated. As far as the side rises and recovers, and stands according to the situation, it generally means that the round rules are the most wonderful. If there is a mistake, it cannot be reproduced, for fear of losing the style of the brush, it is like falling a stone from a peak, falling from the sky. The meaning of the brush is like an arrow, and the arrow is never too late.

volume three strokes

  The husband's book is also the trace of the heart, so there are all inside and all outside, and it is obtained from the heart and corresponds to the hand. However, the magic of playing luck must have spiritual enlightenment, and the need for persistence is especially the first priority.
  Mrs. Wei said: "Learn to learn to write first." For real books, one inch and two cents are removed from the tip of the pen, and for running cursive, three centimeters and one cent are removed from the tip of the pen. Dots of ink, swaying waves and buckling, all must be sent with all one's strength.
  There are seven kinds of writing: those who are impatient and slow in writing, those who are slow in mind and eager to write, those who hold the brush close but not tight, those who are not in alignment, and those who want to write later, the former loses, and those who hold the pen far away but anxiously, the latter wins .
  Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty said: When the wrist is upright, the front is upright, and when the front is upright, the front is full on all sides. The second is the actual finger, and the actual finger is evenly distributed. Once the palm is empty, it is easy to use if the palm is empty.
  Yu Shinanyun: The length of the pen is no more than six inches, one for the true, two for the line, and three for the cursive. Pointing to the reality of the palm of the hand.
  Han Fangming said: If you use two fingers to protect the body, you should also use five fingers to hold it together. It is necessary to hold the empty palm with the real finger, and hook it to send it off, which is also called arrival and delivery. If you wrap it with a single finger, you will have insufficient strength and no spirit. The method of pinching the tube is to pinch the end of the tube with five fingers, and it can be written in cursive.
  Zhang Jingxuan said: The pen in regular script is wonderful in the palm of your hand. The wrist movement should not be too tight. If it is tight, the wrist cannot be turned and the font thickness will be uneven up and down. It cannot be cantilevered, and its strength is limited. The cursive must hang from the wrist, and the strokes are infinite.
  Lu Jinshi used the method of brushing, stretching the big finger, pinching the middle finger, pinching the second finger, reaching the ring finger, making the palm empty like holding a bullet, this is the general idea. And use the big knuckle to place the pen outside, so that the rotation is free, the ring finger touches the middle finger, and the little finger touches the ring finger, this is the essence.
  Zhang Huaiguan said: If you hold the brush lightly, press firmly and vigorously, and if you write three inches to one inch, you will have more power; Why? When the pen is at the tip of the finger, the palm is empty, and the movement is comfortable, jumping up and down, and the business is here. Half of the pen is in the palm of the hand, if the pivot is not turned, how can you be free? Turning and turning, it becomes edges and corners. The pen is dead, and I would rather hope that the characters are vivid?
  Li Huayun: I have a two-character tactic, the way to the gods, it is called intercepting and dragging. Empty palms and real fingers, slow down the nose and rush to send.
  Huang Lu Zhiyun: It is necessary to hook back the wrist with double hooks, and use the ring finger to touch the pen, then it will be powerful.
  Jiang Yaozhangyun: Light the brush, firm in the grip, solid in the fingers, empty in the palm. The real book is small and dense, and it is better to hold it close to the head. The running script is lenient, and it is advisable to hold it a little farther. The cursive script is smooth and elegant, and the practice is farther away. Take stippling far away and grow up, easy to distribute evenly.
  Wei Rongzong said: Take a broken brush, draw on a broken paper, and form a body with Tibetan fronts. In general, the desire to grasp is tight, and the desire to move is active. You should not move the brush with your fingers, but use your wrist to move the brush. Holding it in the hand, the hand does not control the movement; carrying it in the wrist, the wrist does not know how to hold it. Therefore, the Sun family has the method of exercising and transferring. Persevering is called shallow, deep, long and short, using is called vertical and horizontal containment, turning is called hook, ring, pan, and using is called stippling on the back.
  Li Siyun: Use the pen to return quickly, and then write down quickly, like an eagle looking at the death of a Peng, believe in it naturally, and do not re-edit it. Sending off feet is like swimming in water, and dancing with brushes is like Jingshan Xingyun.
  Xiao Heyun: Husband's calligraphy is as powerful as on the battlefield, flexible and in front of the wrist, civil and military are left in the pen, there is no need to lean on when going out and about, opening and closing are borrowed from yin and yang. Every time you want to write a word, it is like the following camp, and you can use a pen after thinking about it steadily. The heart of the author, the hand of the ink, and the meaning of the book, are perfect according to this.
  Cai Yong went to Songshan to study calligraphy, and got plain calligraphy in a stone room, with octagonal awns, resembling seal seals, and writing Shizhen, Li Si, etc. with the style of writing. When Yong got it, he didn't eat for three days, but he shouted for joy, as if facing thousands of people. Yong Sui studied for three years, mastered its principles, and used a unique style of writing. Then he made a pen theory and said: "Books are loose. If you want to write, you should first loosen your arms, and then write as you like." If you are forced to do something, even if Zhongshan is a rabbit, it will not be good. The husband book first sits quietly and thinks, doing whatever suits one's will, without speaking, without breathing, with a deep look, as if treating a supreme being, there is nothing wrong with it. For the body of a book, it must enter its shape, if it is sitting or walking, if it is flying or moving, if it is coming or going, if it is lying or getting up, if it is sad or worrying, if it is a worm eating leaves, if it is a sharp sword or a sword, if it is a strong bow. Arrows are like water and fire, like clouds and mist, like the sun and the moon, and they have images vertically and horizontally, which can be called books.
  When Zhong Yao saw Cai Bojie's brushwork in Wei Dan, he beat his chest to death. Because he vomited blood, Wei Taizu used Wuling Dan to make him alive. After birth and death, Yao made people steal his tomb and got it. Therefore, it is known that those who have more strength and tendons are holy, and those who are weak and have no tendons are sick. One by one, it is better to use it from its news. You said: "The handwriting is the world; the beauty is the man, and the extraordinary is unknown." Seeing all kinds of things are like it, dots are like a fallen mountain, plucked like raindrops, slender as a hair, light as clouds and mists, those who go are like a phoenix singing in Yunhan, those who come are like a girl wandering in a forest of flowers, the charm is distinct, and it is reflected in the distance Those who carry on.
  Mrs. Wei said: There are six kinds of brushes, the structure is round and ready like seal script, the flying and falling are like Zhang Cao, the danger is like eight points, the slim and slim are like flying white, the straight and straight are like a crane's head, and the dark and straight are like ancient Li. However, there are grievances in the heart, and each word is like its shape.
  Wang Youjun said: Turning the pen should look back to the left and right, so as not to make the program lonely. In Zangfeng stippling, the traces of entry and exit, if you want to make the left first, the right, and it is the same when you go back to the left. The Zangfeng hanging pen belongs to paper, so that the center of the brush often moves in the stippling. Protect the tail and try to close it. The disease lies in the pecking rod, but also in the tight stroke of the vertical pen. Grabbing the pen lies in the sharp edge, and using it in the steep, and the astringent power lies in the tightness and fighting.
  Emperor Wu of Liang said: If you move the pen obliquely, there will be no horns, and if you hold the pen wide, the book will be weak. If you click short, you will be bloated, if you click long, you will