The Mystery of Collecting and Release of Kuangcursive Script
Wild cursive script is a highly exaggerated form of line art. It is very important to understand, master and skillfully use the rules of retraction and retraction in creating successful cursive script works. Mr. Yu Youren, a famous modern cursive calligrapher, said, "'Crazy Calligraphy' is also a work of art in cursive script." This article only discusses the retractable connotation of Kuangcursive script as follows.
1. Due to the collection and release in the shape of the word design
The shape of characters is an important law in the artistic creation of calligraphy, and Kuang cursive especially emphasizes the application of the rules of shape of characters in creation. Under the premise of obeying and serving the overall beauty of a work, each character is a point in the overall beauty. The closing and opening of this point depends on its position, that is, the stage of expressing the expression. If it is the stage of starting, focus on closing; the stage of carrying on, focusing on gradual release; Each stage should be echoed, and the tail should not ignore the head, and should be independent of each other.
Of course, this is a general measure of grasping the rules of character design and shape. When it comes to a specific work, even if the same character is retracted and released at different stages, the performance will be very different. This kind of difference is not due to the change of the law itself, but because of the author's thoughts, feelings, body, age (subjective factors), pen, ink, paper and inkstone, environment (objective factors), the changes in the process of character setting and shape The release relationship has changed. It can be seen that the change of the font structure is dynamic and absolute, and the law of retraction and release is stable and relative.
Two, the collection and discharge in an ink unit
One ink unit is the space and time between the character written by the brush after one stroke of ink and the next stroke of ink. (When I write works with hard pens, in order to change the ink method and fully express the feelings in my heart, the pen is pumped and dipped in water from time to time. But I don’t need to bend the pen with a sharp point in advance. I think that is not conducive to changes, and it is easy to change. Lose the inherent rigidity of the pen itself.) Compared with the whole work, an ink unit is a part; for this unit, it is a whole. Among them, the collection and release embodies the language style, style, taste, rhyme, rhythm and characteristics of cursive calligraphers. Therefore, the retraction of each character, each line, and each group of lines (that is, calligraphy language, also called vocabulary) must first obey the overall situation of this part, and then the retraction and retraction changes within this part. Light and heavy, light and heavy, false and true, false and true, long and short, long and short, left and right, left and right, dry, black and white, etc., or follow the trend, or go backwards, "indulgence and singing high, Freedom and change", unexpected, reasonable.
The collection and release of one ink unit must be carried on, changed, contrasted, and developed with the previous ink unit’s collection and release. A win-win match. Whether or not each ink unit can be handled well is the key to the success or failure of the entire work. Sometimes the retraction and release of an ink unit is expressed as a foreshadowing for expression; sometimes its retraction is manifested as an emotional state; sometimes its retraction is manifested as the result of an emotional outburst. It can be seen that the task of each ink unit is different, so the beginning and end of their retraction and release should not collide, so as to form a contrast and balance in the relationship between ink and color retraction, and naturally produce visual impact of patchwork beauty, emotional beauty, and rhythmic beauty , Rhythm beauty, form beauty. For this reason, the ink content and ink color of each ink unit can be different (this involves the application of ink method and paper method, which will not be described here). Even if the ink content is the same, the number of words written should not be the same, and the weight, size, etc. cannot be repeated, and the changes between the ink units are kept different, and they are integrated into one furnace. Seek unity in each characteristic, seek richness and variety in unity, and then achieve the ideal state of collection and release of an ink unit. It can be said: love brings ink and ink to produce thousands of colors, and God makes the brush into thousands of styles. -
3. Receiving and letting go of qi movement
Promoting qi, that is, the overall artistic effect of a line's momentum, charm, and emotional appeal. The retraction and release of qi flow is quite like the cadence when a person speaks a sentence, and the length, height, and speed of a song when a person sings a song. It is a natural trace of the author's thoughts, feelings, and artistic skills, not a pre-designed one Machine made. Therefore, in the limited time and space, using abstract lines and vocabulary, the author's turbulent, wandering, angry, elated, grief-stricken... are expressed in a proper, wonderful, and desperate way. This is a cursive script The starting point and the end point of the application of the law of qi movement and retraction.
There are many restrictive factors related to the retraction and release of qi circulation, the most important one is that it is greatly affected by the previous line. For example: if the corresponding part of the line on the right is release, then the corresponding part of this line should generally be expressed as receiving (the form can be varied); otherwise, the corresponding part of the line on the right is receiving, then the corresponding part of this line should be Part of it should be released (the form can be bent at will, face to face, face to back, weight, shade, size, etc.). Although this is not a model, the corresponding parts of the left and right lines cannot compete with each other in terms of retractable form, whether it is size, shade, thickness, length, virtual or solid, front side...even the same strokes cannot compete with the right side. Even if it is interlaced or throughout the text, the same characters and strokes (especially long vertical, horizontal, left, and right strokes) should avoid repetition, that is, competition.
The movement of qi in the first line (that is, the introduction part) is the frame of reference for the next line and even the whole article. It should be an exquisite way without leaving traces, attracting without sending out, leaving a foreshadowing, clean and neat, lively and fascinating. Its retraction mainly includes methods such as thickness, size, front side, length, and weight; the subsequent (that is, the entry part) retraction mainly includes techniques such as tightness, width, and speed; The release mainly includes strong means such as swinging, maneuvering, jumping, and monsters; the release at the end (that is, the part of the exit) mainly falls on the center line to seek stability and work, and can also leave a sense of instability, with a subtle flavor Son, do nothing. -
Fourth, the collection and release of the whole article
From point to line, from line to surface, from surface to body, is the basic element of a calligraphy work. The standard of good or bad depends on whether it can express the author's thoughts, feelings, artistic style, Aesthetic concepts, and then give readers a beautiful, true and kind impact on their vision, and an ideal shock on their hearts. Make them naturally generate certain associations and imaginations based on their own life and artistic accumulation, and get beautiful artistic enjoyment. Such crazy cursive works can be said to be successful. If it can be unforgettable for a long time, it is a fine product, and if it can be handed down to the world, it is a divine product. In this sense, whether the collection and release of crazy cursive script is successful or not is the criterion for testing.
The collection and release of the whole article mainly refers to the style and charm, that is, the overall artistic taste-the unique, fresh, modern, advanced, advanced, this one, this one's cursive art characteristics. Generally speaking, it is the harmony, unity and uniqueness of the collection and release of the whole article, with points, lines, and surfaces complementing each other, charming viewpoints, vivid lines, fresh looks, and a wonderful overall. Of course, the unity mentioned here is by no means synonymous with a face, nor is it a clone that destroys individual beauty, nor is it a stereotyped printing. It is rich and colorful, each with its own style, exciting unity and completeness. In addition, ink method, paper method, and mounting are also indispensable contents for collecting and releasing the whole article. -
V. Collection and Release of Work Content
The content of the work mainly includes three aspects: one is the text content. The second is the degree of the author's cultural and artistic accomplishment. The third is the author's emotional type. These three aspects are the main aspects of the determinant factors that determine whether the works of crazy cursive script can be retracted to the benefits and subtleties, that is, the factors that play a decisive role. Of course, proficient, unique and comprehensive techniques based on inheritance and development are also indispensable basic conditions.
A. Text content. For wild cursive script works, choose romantic, rough, unrestrained, fierce, wide-open, big-close, joy, anger, sorrow, joy, and contrasting text content. It is more beneficial if you write your own poems and songs. At the same time, when choosing text content, the author should consciously or more stand on the standpoint and habits of the readers, stand on the standpoint and habits of the nation. In this way, there will be an inexplicable and unclear motivation for creation and appreciation. This is the "four or two strokes" in artistic effect, and it is also a deeper level of calligraphy creation, that is, to make full use of the artistic resources and artistic accomplishments of readers. Complete the creation of a calligraphy work together, and then achieve the unity of the creator and the appreciator. In this way, it seems that there is little, but it is actually a lot! This is because the times have changed, and the functions of crazy cursive script have also changed. It is more ornamental, decorative, and commercial. As a cursive calligrapher, it is necessary and necessary to actively choose some text content that is well-known to every household and well-known to women and children. This is not only the requirement of the law of the market, but also the requirement of the law of artistic creation and appreciation. The times require that cursive works should come out of the history and current situation in the study and exhibition hall. Another reason is that the content of the text itself is suitable to be expressed in the form of crazy cursive script, so it is easy to feel like a fish in water when writing, and it is easy to reach the state of leveraging strength in Taijiquan.
B. The degree of cultural and artistic accomplishment of the author. A successful cursive work is the crystallization of the author's cultural and artistic accomplishment. The higher the achievement of the work, the deeper and more comprehensive the author's cultural and artistic accomplishment. As a cursive writer, his cultural and artistic accomplishments are multifaceted. For example: politics, economy, military affairs, philosophy, aesthetics, music, sports, art, photography, internet... He doesn't have to be an expert in these fields, but he can't understand, don't study , not self-cultivation. Crazy cursive writers should also consciously watch rhythmic gymnastics, figure skating, air shows, NBA basketball games, ice hockey games, boxing, Sanda, modern dance... listen to piano music, violin music... absorb the era elements of cursive script from them, and even It is inspiration, form, technique and so on. In short, wild cursive calligraphers can't just stay in the circle of calligraphy, be ignorant and ignorant, just know the method, practice the method, and use it. Of course, this is not to say that you can not learn, research, or create the related techniques of Kuang cursive script. On the contrary, all the cultural and artistic accomplishments of Kuang cursive script writers are their "poetry skills", which are not only free; they are all for his heart. The "beloved", the "princess" in his hand - the work is both a collection.
C. The author's emotional type. The author's thoughts and feelings are the soul of the work, throughout the ages. There is no work handed down from generation to generation that does not express the author's thoughts and feelings and become a masterpiece. The thoughts and feelings of wild cursive writers must have strong romanticism and idealism, especially in the creation of works. He forgets things and me, and combines pen, ink, human and paper, which is almost crazy. His romance, wildness, chicness, uninhibitedness, frankness, brightness, and obsession with and persistence in the art of cursive calligraphy are also very unique, even amazing, in his daily life. Of course, he's not lacking in sanity, it's just that, once again, he's different. If Zhang Xu and Huai Su didn't have the natural temperament mentioned above, could they become masters of crazy cursive writing? Can you write a book that will last forever! Mao Zedong, if he didn't have the romanticism, idealism, broad mind and genius of a wild cursive writer, could he write "Recalling Qin'e Loushanguan" full of paper clouds and smoke, shaking the world and weeping ghosts and gods! In fact, the behavior of the crazy cursive scriptwriter itself is a real crazy cursive script. It's hard to imagine that a person who is timid, fearful of wolves and tigers, narrow-minded, eager for quick success, less passionate, less literary, and less coquettish can write successful wild cursive writing. The thoughts and feelings of an excellent cursive writer should be romantic, ideal, artistic, modern, and even avant-garde. Therefore, the collection and release in Kuang cursive script is a natural expression and expression of Kuang cursive calligraphers' thoughts, feelings, cultural and artistic accomplishments, and life realm. Whether the collection and release of Kuang cursive script is successful or not lies in this.